The first serious stage of development of the body – the child holds his head
At what age a child begins to hold his head, this question torments many parents. At birth, the muscles of the body of any baby are still very weak and do not have sufficient tone, allowing newborns to independently control parts of the body. The first serious training of the muscles of the body of every little person is the development of the skill of holding the head without assistance. Successful development of this skill lays the foundation for the following more complex stages of development of the musculoskeletal system.
When does a baby start to hold its head?
The muscles of the neck and head of a child develop and gain tone in the first six months of his life. This period is divided into several main time stages.
The baby just born to the muscles are very weak. The newborn is not yet able to keep his head and does not have the ability to focus on certain objects. In the first month of life, parents must constantly very carefully support the head of the child. During this period, parents are advised, as often as possible, to establish eye contact with the baby, which allows to strengthen the emotional connection.
As a rule, by the end of 1 month of life, most children are already capable of keeping their heads in a state of balance for a short time.
A well-developing child, a two-month baby, lying on his stomach should be able to turn his head independently in all directions. In this position, the self-preservation instinct works in all newborns, forcing the babies to lift their heads in order not to suffocate. Therefore, parents for training the muscles of the neck is recommended to regularly spread the children on the stomach. In addition, lying on the stomach contributes to the discharge of gas, thus avoiding problems with intestinal colic.
The strongest kids are able at this age to pull their chins to their breasts, even while lying on their backs. From 2 months, children can already be transported in strollers, sling or special car seats for the little ones. To carry out such transportation and carrying of babies should be very carefully, since the muscles of the neck and head are still weak and have not gained the necessary tone. At the age of two months, an average child is able to hold his head for a short time.
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From this point on, parents can begin to train the muscles of the child’s neck, giving them an extra load. To do this, use a simple, useful and fun game for the kid. The child lies on his back, holds hands and gently pulls forward to a sitting position in which he is held for several seconds. Then gently lowered to its original position. This simple exercise allows you to strengthen the muscles and gradually accustom the baby to the ability to sit.
At this age, children can already be carried in wheelchairs in a sitting position, choosing to walk on flat, asphalt or concrete surfaces.
At the age of six months, all developing without deviations kids in any position confidently hold, bend and turn their heads. During this period, the child lying on his stomach begins to lift the body and actively turns his head in any direction, studying the objects around him.
The entire period of the initial training of the muscles of the head and neck of the baby, parents should not be too actively stimulate the development of this skill. The process should be as natural as possible. In the first month of a child’s life, when the muscles are still very weak, it is especially important to always gently hold the head of the newborn. When bathing, feeding, carrying the head of the baby should always be supported by the caring hands of parents. In the future, a child developing without lagging, obeying instincts and his desires, he trains himself. Parents need only care, attention and a little help.
After the baby has learned to confidently hold his head, the next stage in the development of the locomotor apparatus begins. In this period of life, children learn to crawl, roll over and sit.
The lack of this skill in this age period can occur for several reasons.
A baby in 3 months does not hold his head if:
- If the baby was born as a result of pathological, difficult childbirth or he has serious neurological problems. In this situation, you should definitely seek advice from a specialized doctor who can solve this problem.
- Insufficient or very low muscle tone. In such cases, you need to get professional advice from a neurologist, the results of which may be given a special course of medical massage. Regular home massage with low muscle tone does not always help.
- The child very rarely laid out on the stomach or did not lay out at all. In this situation, the developmental lag is due to little concern and neglect of parents. In such cases, the kids get the required skills and develop a little slower, but the problem is not critical.
- Insufficient weight due to premature birth or lack of weight due to lack of breast milk. You should consult with a pediatric therapist about the quantity and quality of the complementary feed mixture, which allows you to quickly gain a standard weight. In such cases, the child, gaining the desired weight, very quickly makes up for lost time in development.
- The kid keeps his head only at a certain angle. A special massage, prescribed by a pediatrician and the use of pillows to level the position of the head, helps to solve this problem. In addition, in the presence of a playpen, it is recommended to lay the baby in different directions, which allows the kid to turn his head when the angle of view changes.
During the period of development and training of skills to control the muscles of the neck and head, parents are advised to especially closely monitor all the deviations that occur. Regular visits to the attending physician and expert advice allow us to identify and solve all the problems that arise. It should be remembered that with increasing age of the child, the treatment of neurological abnormalities becomes more difficult and takes more time. And of course, every child needs the care and attention of parents.