Ivanovo through the eyes of a resident. On the climate, ecology, areas, real estate prices and work in the city. Pros and cons of life in Ivanovo. Reviews of residents and moved to the city.
General information and history
The city of Ivanovo is the regional center of the Ivanovo region, which is located northeast of Moscow. It borders with the Vladimir, Kostroma, Nizhny Novgorod and Yaroslavl regions. The area of the city is about 105 sq. M. km The population is about 410 thousand people.
The city was built on both banks of the River Uvod. Three more rivers flow within the city limits – Talka, Harinka, which flow into Uvod and Stradanka. Since the city consumes a lot of water, the Uvodskoe reservoir was created to the north of it in 1937. Water is transferred to it from the Volga along the canal. Within the city there are three dams, and in the area of the village of Uvod, where the reservoir begins, there is one more. There is a dam and on the river Talka.
The city is associated with the textile industry, which originated here in the 17th century. Currently, textile production is going through hard times. Nevertheless, the Ivanhoe garment factory operates in the city, which is known for its men’s suits far beyond the Ivanovo region. They know in the country and home textiles Shuisky cotton mill.
The well-known name “the city of brides” came from the movie “Honest, smart, unmarried”, which was released in 1981. In film
1561 is considered the foundation year of Ivanovo. All sources refer to the book “Description of the City of Shuya and its Environs” by V. A. Borisov. The book provides information about the transfer of the village of Ivanovo by Tsar Ivan IV (the Terrible) to the princes Cherkassky. The tsar presented the village in honor of the wedding with Princess Cherkasskaya Maria Temryukovna. But documentary evidence has not yet been found. The name of the village, according to the same information Borisov, comes from the church of John the Baptist. And this fact documentary evidence not found. In 1630, the village belongs to the princes Shuisky. In the village – 123 yard. After the "Great Troubles" – this is a lot. Most Ivanovo peasants are engaged in crafts. According to the census of 1667, only a quarter of the yards cultivate the land. And the number of yards has increased by 2 times!
The first manufactory in Ivanovo was organized by G. Butrimov in 1742. Behind him, three Ivan’s “case” opened up — Grachev, Yamanovsky, and Garelin. In 1743, the village was given as a dowry for Princess V. Cherkasskaya, who married Count P. Sheremetyeva.
The 19th century was the heyday for Ivanovo. Firstly, after the war with Napoleon, there were practically no competitors left in Ivanovo manufactories in Russia. Secondly, the manual stuffing of the fabric in 1826 was replaced by machine. A special drum, with a pattern applied on it, scrolled through a container of paint and printed a picture on the canvas, which was dragged under it. After a quarter of a century, it was the turn of machine bleaching of canvases and rinsing, with the help of "mytilny" wheels.
The village grew. Voznesensky Posad was gradually formed, and in 1871 the Posad and the village united into the city of Ivanovo – Voznesensk, Vladimir Province. Ivanovo chintz were cheap, the quality did not differ much, but at the end of the 19th century there were almost 60 factories in the city that were associated with the process of producing fabrics. In the second half of the 19th century, the first theater, the first library, the first hospital opened in the city.
As a center of industrial production, Ivanovo has a rich revolutionary past. These are underground Marxist circles and strikes. After the revolution, the Ivanovo region ranked third in importance, after Moscow and Leningrad.
Climate and ecology of Ivanovo
The climate of Ivanovo and its environs is moderately continental. In this area, the weather changes quite often, as cyclones are frequent visitors here. With them comes the arctic air, bringing piercing frosts in winter, noticeable frosts in the offseason and coolness in summer. Although sometimes at this time of year hot and dry air from the steppes of Kazakhstan appears here, bringing with it real heat.
The environmental situation, as in most major industrial cities, leaves much to be desired. The main sources of air pollution are transport, industrial enterprises, enterprises of the housing and utilities sector and military units.
A tense transit cargo and passenger traffic passes through the city, there are enterprises of light and heavy industry. However, in comparison with other cities, the ecological situation in Ivanovo is quite satisfactory. This was facilitated by the general decline in industrial production in the 90s, as well as considerable areas of greenery in the city and its surroundings.
The ecological state of the city depends on emissions from industrial enterprises that are located in it. Since Soviet times, there are few working enterprises, so in terms of environmental well-being, the situation is not bad. In the rating of 82 cities in Russia, Ivanovo ranks 19th in environmental safety. The environmentalists are most worried about the Uvodskoe reservoir, whose shores serve for mass recreation of citizens.
In addition, the planned development of the coastal zone causes serious concern to residents of 12 villages located near the reservoir. On November 22, 2011, a non-profit organization was created – the Uvodsky Environmental Forum, in order to monitor the condition of the River Uvod, its tributaries and reservoirs, which also cannot boast of clean water.
The population of Ivanov
According to data for 2014, a little more than 409 thousand people lived in Ivanovo. This is slightly more than three years ago, but considerably less than at the end of the 1980s, when the Ivanovo population was approaching five hundred thousand.
In the notorious 90s. as well as throughout the country, people in the city of Ivanovo have become more dying than born, and this trend continues to the present. Although the population of the city is increasing, but not so much naturally, as by active emigration from the countries of the near abroad and visitors from other Russian cities.
Currently, many immigrants from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and
The average age of a city dweller is 41 years. The number of working-age population has decreased, compared with 2002 by