Peanuts are called the annual plant of the legume family and its fruits, which are also known as ground or Chinese nuts. The yellow flowers of the peanut self-pollinate, after which the pedicle lengthens, leans towards the ground and the fruits burrow into it, where the ripening process takes place. Peanuts are oval-shaped, oval-shaped shells, with one or more bridges, loose and brittle, covered with a mesh pattern, inside which are the cores the size of an average bean (calorizator). Edible beans of peanuts are protected by a thin film, brown-red or pink, the kernels themselves, as a rule, have a white color.
Latin America is considered the birthplace of peanuts, where objects painted as peanut shells were found, which date back to the pre-Columbian period. Currently, peanuts are specially grown as a food crop not only in the United States and China, where the product is considered national, but also in many regions that are suitable for climatic conditions.
The caloric content of peanuts is 622 kcal per 100 grams of product.
The composition and beneficial properties of peanuts
Peanuts have a fairly extensive vitamin and mineral composition, in which there are: vitamins B1, B2, B6, B9, C, PP, unsaturated fatty acids, as well as micro and macro elements necessary for the human body: calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron and sodium. Peanuts contain antioxidants that are needed to combat the aging of the body, and serotonin – called "hormone of happiness", which improves mood and maintains the overall tone of the body. Peanut improves memory, has a beneficial effect on the state of the walls of blood vessels, is a prophylactic against the occurrence of heart disease. Peanut butter, obtained from fresh peanut kernels, is a valuable nutritional product, and it is also used to treat certain skin diseases. An interesting fact is that by some indicators of utility, roasted peanuts are superior to fresh ones, so there is a direct sense to fry or dry in the oven peanuts kernels.
Fresh peanuts are slowly digested and can cause problems with the gastrointestinal tract, a thin shell of peanuts kernels is a strong allergen, so it is more beneficial to clean the product before use. The high calorie content of peanuts puts the product in a number of restrictions for overweight people. Also, peanuts are not recommended for those who suffer from gout and arthritis.
Despite its high calorie content, peanuts are used in some diets, for example, in the peanut and nut diet. You can use a few handfuls of peanuts as a good afternoon snack or snack that will add strength and enhance your mood.
Currently, there are more than 60 varieties of peanuts, divided into two types – Pinto peanuts and cultivated peanuts. Cultivated peanuts have many varieties and varieties, differing in size and color of kernels:
- Spanish varieties (Spanish group) are characterized by small kernels, usually with a pink-brown shell and a high content of oil;
- Valencia – a group of varieties of large peanuts, having a bright red shell;
- Virginia – has the largest kernels, most often fried and dried peanuts of this group in the shell;
- Runner – different oblong large kernels with excellent taste, ideal for the production of salted snacks and high-quality peanut butter.
On sale can be found raw or roasted peanuts in the shell, raw in the shell, raw and fried without a shell, with salt or other additives.
Peanuts can be consumed and used in different ways, roasted salted peanuts are a simple and nutritious snack for beer and wine, peanuts are often added to pastry or pastry stuffing, they are decorated with ready-made cakes and pastries, along with dried fruits are used as a light and healthy snack, which convenient to take along for the ride.
You can learn more about peanuts, its types, benefits and harms from the video clip about the TV program “About the Most Important”.