Few people can imagine that a leonberger is a very large and powerful dog, not at all aggressive, but good-natured and agreeable. She perfectly copes with various roles which the owner wants to see from her. A dog can be a companion, a guide, a guard, a shepherd, and even a nurse.
History of origin
Undoubtedly, it will be interesting to you to find out how this amazing breed appeared – Leonberger. At the end of the 19th century, in the German city of Leonberg (City of the Lion), the head of the municipality, who adores animals and his hometown, decided to combine these two feelings into one – to create a dog-lion, as a symbol of the city, on whose coat of arms the king of animals is depicted.
For a start, he crossed the St. Bernard and black and white Newfoundland. As a result, unusual puppies appeared. Subsequently, the blood of another large breed Pyrenean mountain dog was infused into the breed. That was how the Leonberger was bred, which at first had silver-gray wool. And only decades later the breeder managed to achieve a yellow-red color and a black mask.
They admired these dogs, they were kept by noble people of Germany, puppies were given as an expensive gift to representatives of other powers. However, there were rocks and falls when the canine world did not take this breed seriously. During the Second World War, tribal producers were on the verge of extinction. And only in the 70s of the last century, the population was able to recover. In Russia, this breed appeared in 1989.
Description of breed Leonberger
The Leonberger dog at a glance gives a feeling of power. This large, proportionally folded dog is really very strong and once it was even used to transport heavy loads. But with all his bulky he is very clever, agile and flexible. To get a closer look at the breed, let’s look at the description of the breed together:
- The growth of an adult male Leonberger at the withers is 72-80 cm, the bough is 65-75 cm;
- Leonberger’s weight ranges from 41 to 75 kg, and males are much larger than females;
- the head is large with medium ears that hang down to the cheeks;
- eyes from dark to light brown, although dark is preferable;
- eyelids fit snugly to the eyeball; the expression of the eyes is thoughtful and reasonable;
- the dog is supposed to have 42 teeth, but the exception may be the absence of molars (M3); dog bite scissor;
- body with a flat back and sloping waist, but in any case not hunchbacked and not bent;
- the paws are even and powerful, in a dog more robust than in a bitch;
- movement of the dog when running powerful and sweeping;
- tail lowered and curled, and when moving should not rise above the back;
- the coat has a thick undercoat, very soft, without partitions; it can be even or slightly wavy; there are “pants” on the hind legs, and a mane on the chest and neck, which makes the dog look like a lion.
Colors of the Leonberger breed
Leonberger has a wide range of red color – from light sand to dark red – weight variations. The main thing that says the standard of the breed, so that in the colors of the dog was not gray and brown. Also, the breed is not inherent zonary color. And also a so-called “mask” is supposed to leonberger, which covers the head and partly transfers to the shoulders. This is a black shade of red wool.
On the breast of a Leonberger, white wool is allowed, but no more than a palm wide. The dog may have separate white hairs on the fingers. To make your pet’s coat look beautiful all the time, regular grooming care is needed.
Important! If the dog has a mask that is not full or missing, this is a disqualifying defect for the breed.
Despite the fact that Leonberger is an unsurpassed guard, aggressive behavior is not inherent to him. He is important and imperturbable, and with one fearful look he is ready to scare the intruder away without using his teeth. Flexible psyche allows you to adapt to any owner.
Important! The manifestation of aggression in this breed is equal to the disqualification of a dog.
Leonberger gently takes care of children of any age, taking care of them. But this applies only to an adult dog, but large puppies of this breed, on the contrary, are dangerous for a baby, because they can unintentionally drop it or try it on a tooth. So taking a puppy to the house with a small child, you need not to leave the kids alone and not to give to communicate closely.
But rest assured that, despite the good nature, the Leonberger will protect its flock and its territory from any danger. With him you can not worry about the safety of the property entrusted to him or his own safety. What is characteristic is that this breed is distinguished by perfect calmness to loud sounds – shots, thunder, hail, even without special training.
Important! Doubting whether you can handle such a large dog, people are wrong. Leonberger is a dog that does not strive for domination; she is glad to serve his master and carry out his orders. The dog will never challenge with him the primacy of the family.
You will probably be interested in whether this breed can be trained or you can rely on its natural acumen. Of course, the character of this dog is good, but this does not mean that the dog will be perfectly obedient both in everyday life and on a walk, not to mention exhibitions with a large gathering of people. Dog socialization takes the most time and effort. The dog must respond neutrally to pets, strangers, vehicles.
Important! If you plan to train Leonberger as a caretaker, then you need to start training as soon as possible. 2-3 months – the perfect age.
Punishment is unacceptable when raising this proud dog. Yes, it is not needed, because the dog is clever by nature and wants to please the owner. So for the training you need to use affection and delicacy.
Care and maintenance
Caring for Leonberg is no more difficult than for any other large dog. The dog needs to be allocated a place where he could rest. In a private house is good if it is an aviary. It is important that this large ball of fur can move a lot during the day. It is useful for the musculoskeletal system and its mood. If this is not possible, then the dog will always be suppressed and inactive, which in turn will sooner or later lead to illness.
Leonberger’s coat and undercoat are very thick, so wool on the floor and furniture cannot be avoided. In order to minimize its quantity and to keep the fur coat of the animal beautiful, it is necessary to brush it every second day with a puhoderka and a special rubber glove.
Important! In addition to its place, the leash and collar need a dog requires good nutrition, timely vaccination and a visit to the veterinarian.
Health breed Leonberger
The owners of Leonberger, or those who are just planning to get this wonderful breed for themselves, can be said to be lucky. Dogs are not prone to frequent diseases, are not afraid of hypothermia. But they still have a disease that can be transmitted at the gene level – this is hip dysplasia. It is incurable, but if revealed at an early age, it is amenable to correction. To do this, the dog is not given a large motor load, but instead is allowed to swim a lot, and in winter walk in deep snow.
Older dogs often have arthritis, like many large breeds. Throughout the entire period of life should be monitored pet food – overeating, eating junk food, too fast ingestion of food, provokes painful bloating. It can be deadly. In the event of a disease, a dog is put in a vapor pipe, and in critical situations a puncture is made in the gastric wall for release from gases.
Important! The life span of this breed is small. She is only 8-10 years old.
What to feed leonbergera
Attention! No need to think that a dog as big as a leonberger needs huge amounts of food. Because of the slow process of digesting food, they require it infrequently and little by little. Overeating extremely negatively affects the motility of the stomach, joints and leads to obesity. Therefore, the diet should not be so much high-calorie as saturated with useful microelements and vitamins.
- Babies who have been taken away from their mother (and this usually happens at 1 month) can be fed with milk, well, if it is goat. A little later, porridge is boiled on it, gradually reducing the amount of milk and replacing it with water.
- Puppies 2-3 months old are supposed to be fed 5-6 times a day. The diet should consist mainly of liquid porridges with meat, kefir, cottage cheese and quail eggs. Mandatory boiled vegetables in a separate dish or with porridge. Chicken egg protein is highly undesirable.
- In six months, you can give food already 3-4 times a day with the preservation of the diet. The grown puppy should be given raw cartilage for the proper formation of joints, as well as boiled fish fillet.
- By the year of feeding there are two left – in the morning, after the walk and in the evening.
Adult dog is recommended to feed:
- boiled sea fish;
- meat and large beef bones;
- all sorts of seasonal vegetables, except cabbage;
- cereals from any cereals, except legumes, a preference for rice and oatmeal;
- kefir, buttermilk.
Important! In no case should the dog be given sweets, smoked meats, salty foods – this is poison for the animal.
Photo of leonberger
It is impossible with the help of a photo to convey all the grace and good nature of Leonberger. It is best to chat with him live to love this breed forever.
Reviews of breed Leonberger
Alexander: “I first encountered the Leonberger breed at a dog show and ventured to try to get this giant at home. Over the years of communicating with my dog, I have never regretted my outburst. ”
Alina: “Those who live in an apartment, especially small-sized, should not start this breed. We did not know about it. As a result, I had to move into the house. So our Shah has become an incentive for families to improve their living conditions. ”
Edward: “I am a breeder of a wonderful breed Leonberger, I have my own professional nursery. With responsibility, I can say that the best breed simply can not be found, and the owners’ reviews about this dog are the most positive. ”
Price for puppies
Due to the fact that the prevalence of the breed is not very high among our compatriots, only a small number of nurseries have puppies for sale. They are expensive, so the breed is for those people who can afford such luxury. The minimum price for a baby is 30,000 rubles, and the maximum price is about 60,000 rubles.