Europe met with many, hitherto unknown, vegetables and fruits after the discovery of America by Columbus. Potatoes, tomatoes, corn and sunflowers were first brought to Europe by Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century. "Sun flower" – the so-called Indians sunflower because of its bright yellow color. Despite the fact that it was grown long ago, it was not used as food, and no one even heard about the benefits and harms of roasted seeds.
The Indians used sunflower petals and pollen to prepare paint for tattoos, as well as to treat fever and to prepare an antidote to snake bites. When sunflowers appeared in Europe (16th century) and Russia (18th century), they were used only as decorative flowers to decorate gardens and front gardens. When the people tasted the seeds, they began to husk them with pleasure, and now there is hardly anyone in Russia who has not tried fried seeds in his life.
The composition and caloric content of roasted seeds
The calorie content of roasted seeds is 700 kcal per 100 g of product.
By the presence of vitamins and microelements, roasted seeds can be compared with dietary supplements and vitamin complexes. But to use seeds is much more useful than synthetic vitamins.
- They contain vitamin A, which is necessary for vision. It is also useful for keeping the skin young, beautiful and healthy looking hair and nails.
- Vitamin E is the strongest antioxidant. It prevents the development of atherosclerosis and helps the heart muscle to work normally. 50 g of seed is enough to satisfy the body’s daily need for vitamin E
- Vitamin B will relieve dandruff and acne, help fight depression and insomnia.
- Vitamin D is vital for the normal development of the skeleton and bone growth. In sunflower seeds it is much more than in cod liver.
- Seed protein contains a huge amount of essential amino acids that provide normal acid-base balance and fat metabolism.
- Sunflower seeds are rich in carbohydrates, tannins, phytin, citric acid and tartaric acid.
- The small white nucleoli contains magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, silicon, selenium, fluorine, iodine, and other minerals. And the content of potassium seeds is 5 times greater than bananas and oranges.
However, lovers of snapping seeds should be remembered that the use of roasted seeds is much less than those that are simply dried in a frying pan. Useful substances in seeds remain much longer, because the core in them is protected from external influences by the shell. The biological value of seeds is higher than meat or eggs, and they are absorbed by the body much easier.
The beneficial properties of roasted seeds
Many consider the husking of seeds to be useless and harmful. But nutritionists and supporters of proper nutrition recommend eating sunflower seeds for the prevention and treatment of various diseases.
Since the calorie content of roasted seeds is quite high, and they also contain a large amount of magnesium, they perfectly strengthen and build up the muscular system of people who perform heavy physical work.
To prevent the appearance of liver diseases and cardiovascular diseases, it is enough to consume 100 g of seeds every day. With atherosclerosis, this will help lower cholesterol levels in the blood.
Roasted seeds improve appetite, promote wound healing and restore broken bones.
Also, the process of peeling seeds has a psychotherapeutic effect: it muffles cravings for cigarettes, distracts from oppressive problems and removes from depressive states.
Harm roasted seeds
- Fried sunflower seeds have a very great harm on the enamel of the teeth, because, by cracking the seeds with your teeth, you can destroy it on the front teeth, and in consequence it will lead to caries.
- Since the seeds are very high in calories, their excessive use can negatively affect the figure.
- Sunflower roots have the ability to take away from the soil and accumulate harmful substances. Cadmium is especially harmful to the body, which adversely affects the kidneys.
The benefits and harms of roasted seeds are certainly unequal. The benefits of this tasty product are much greater, but they should not be abused.