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Why is January 6 called Christmas Eve?

The name Christmas Eve comes from the word "sochivo" (wheat grains soaked with sap from the seeds). Sochivom was taken to help themselves on Christmas Eve after the first star. The tradition of fasting “before the first star” is connected with the tradition of the appearance of the Star of Bethlehem, which announced the birth of Christ. On Christmas Eve, at the end of the liturgy and at the evening service, a candle is carried out in the center of the temple, and the priests sing in front of her the troparion of the Nativity of Christ.

How is the church service on Christmas Eve?

Christmas vigil (evening church service) lasts about three hours. Then serve the liturgy, and after the service comes the celebration of Christmas. People greet each other with the words "Merry Christmas" or "Happy Holidays." If Christmas Eve falls on a Saturday or Sunday, then the festive vigil serves on Friday. On Christmas Eve, the liturgy of John Chrysostom is served, and on Christmas in this case, the liturgy of St. Basil the Great is celebrated.

How to fast on Christmas Eve?

According to the church statute, Typicon, fasting is prescribed until the end of vespers. Those who partake in the night liturgy, according to church tradition, should refrain from eating at least six hours before the sacrament. On Christmas Eve, it is customary to abstain from food until the first star appears. The custom of fasting “up to the first star” is connected with the tradition of the appearance of the star of Bethlehem, which announced the birth of Christ. According to the Gospel of Matthew, the star informed the Magi about the birth of the king of Judea. The star marked the birth of Jesus, it is customary to call her “the star of Christmas” and Bethlehem at the place of his birth.

Christmas Eve Traditions

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According to Russian traditions, on Christmas Eve the whole family fasted, and it was only with the first star that everyone sat down at the table, on which, among other lenten dishes, must be necessarily kutya, as well as compote (uzvar) or kissel; in wealthy families, the table was decorated with figured marmalade. In some regions there is a tradition to bake animal figures for the holiday. In the evening, closer to midnight, caroling began with songs and carols.

What is a nativity scene?

Christmas nativity scene (the original meaning is a cave, a hidden place) is a representation of the Nativity scene by means of various arts (sculpture, theater, etc.). In the Russian Empire, especially on the territory of Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, a “crib theater” was spread – a folk puppet theater representing the Christmas scenes, sometimes also with the participation of people-actors. The main decoration of any (large or small, with sculptures or actors) den is a nursery with baby Jesus, and the main characters are the righteous Joseph with a long beard, the holy Virgin Mary and King Herod. In addition, in the den there may be wise men, angels, shepherds with sheep and various animals (for example, an ox and a donkey, which, according to legend, warmed Jesus with their breath).

Christmas celebration traditions

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What to cook for Christmas

Rybnik Pie for Christmas

1 pack of yeast dough 500 g fish fillets 2

How to make a cake for Christmas – rybnik: 1. Defrost the dough and roll it out (you can use homemade yeast dough, then you will need about a pound). 2. Cut the layer in half. Spread the whole fish on one half. 3. Salt, pepper, cover the second layer, zaschipnut edges and bake in the oven. 4. Fish Christmas Cake is very tasty and hot and cold.

With millet porridge for Christmas

2 cups flour 1 glass of milk Salt 2

How to cook for Christmas Soochen: 1. Mix the ingredients for the dough, knead it. 2. Divide the dough into balls and roll out each thin cake. To flatten the cake, you can cut the edges with a knife. 3. Fry the tortillas in a dry frying pan. 4. Cook millet porridge. First you need to cook in water, and then add milk. Put butter, salt and sugar in porridge. You can then porridge a little in the oven. 5. Melt the butter, brush them with the finished tortillas, put the stuffing on them and roll them in half.

Christmas goose with sauerkraut

1 small goose 800 g cabbage 4 onions

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