What to feed the child in a year: whether an adult food is suitable for a child or is it worth adhering to the children’s menu.
Olga Mayorova Pediatrician, Assistant, Department of Propedeutics of Children’s Diseases, St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical Academy, Cand. honey. of science
Will it fit child a year food from your table or is it worth continuing to stick to the individual children’s menu? And how can you expand the diet of the baby after the first year of life?
If you treat mothers who still have a lactation, do not rush to wean your beloved child from the chest. Research confirms the value of even episodic breastfeeding. child per year. So, in the morning and in the evening (or at any time and in any place) we continue to give the baby not only food, but also a feeling of peace, security and confidence in mother’s love. During this time, the baby’s ration has also significantly expanded: now it’s not only breast milk or a mixture, but also other types of products.
We will examine in more detail baby menu. So, for breakfast you can offer porridge plus half of yolk, fruit puree (fruit can be added to porridge). One-year-old baby can be given as gluten-free (corn, buckwheat, rice), and gluten-containing cereal 1 (wheat, oatmeal, semolina). The volume of porridge remains the same – 150 – 200 ml. Do not forget to add butter to porridge (5 g). From drinks – tea, fruit infusion, juice.
Another variant children’s breakfast – steam omelet, both from yolks and from proteins. The daily consumption of eggs – 2 pieces, but since you give an omelet only 2-3 times a week, a single portion will increase accordingly. By the omelet – a slice of bread and butter (at the age of one to one and a half years the kid can get up to 15 – 20 g of butter per day) or cheese and a drink (compote, jelly). Bread for a child of this age is better to choose white varieties, as it is easier to digest (volume – up to 40 g per day).
Lunch for child per year You can start with a salad of vegetables – from cucumbers, tomatoes or carrots, finely crumbled or grated on a coarse grater, with the addition of vegetable oil (5-7 g) or sour cream (5-10 g).
Options baby soups:
- milk soup with vermicelli (pasta is not often given – about 1 time per week, in a small amount of 30-35 g),
- vegetable soup (cauliflower, cabbage soup, borscht and
For the second, vegetable puree (after 12 months, turnip, beetroot, radish, green peas, and beans) and meat dish are added to already consumed vegetables (meat is boiled separately, not in soup) — mashed potatoes, souffles, or meatballs.
Potatoes should not be abused, as it contains a large amount of starch, which can provoke allergies, frequent stools, increased flatulence, excessive accumulation of fatty tissue. Therefore, it is better if the volume of potatoes will be no more than 1/3 of the total volume of vegetable puree.
After year child’s diet expands through offal (tongue, heart, liver) and chicken meat. Fatty varieties of pork, lamb, as well as hard to accept duck and goose meat for such babies are not recommended. And, of course, no need to offer your child sausages, sausages or wieners. 1 – 2 times a week instead meat baby give low-fat varieties of river or sea fish (in the absence of an allergic reaction) – for example, hake or pollock.
Introduction of fish in child’s diet per year It should take place according to all the rules for introducing new foods: from small amounts (5 – 10 g), gradually increasing the volume, observing the tolerance (stool, skin condition). Daily consumption rate fish for baby this age is about 25 – 30 g, so by offering fish a couple of times a week, you can give your child about 70 – 80 g of fish at a time.
Prepare jelly, compote, fruit infusion from drinks or offer your child juice (both freshly squeezed and industrially produced, but always specialized for children).
At noon (except for the children’s cottage cheese and kefir already familiar to the child) it is possible to prepare dishes from cottage cheese (cottage cheese soufflé, cottage cheese makers with sour cream, closer to one and a half years (happy owners of a large number of teeth) – pancakes with cottage cheese (of course, not often – once a week) In addition, give juice or fruit puree, as well as – low-fat varieties of cookies (for example, every other day).
Note the need to use child nutrition per year only specialized children’s kefir and cottage cheese (quality control of the manufacture and composition of baby food is higher than that of adult products). But from the usual purchased cottage cheese, you can cook cottage cheese makers and souffles (that is, you should offer the kid an “adult” cottage cheese only after the heat treatment). A one-year-old kid’s dinner may consist of a vegetable-meat or vegetable-cereal dish (options offered by domestic nutritionists – soufflé of zucchini with meat puree, oatmeal porridge with pumpkin, beet stewed with apples, stew of vegetables with meat puree) plus juice or fruit puree .
Assortment offered fruit for children (as well as mashed potatoes and juices) at this age is replenished by introducing so-called exotic fruits (for example, kiwi), as well as citrus fruits (oranges), strawberries, and other types (if the child has not tried them before) – gooseberries, raspberries, blackberries, cherries and cranberries. Usually, the baby is offered no more than 100 ml of juice and no more than 100 grams of fruit puree per day.
At bedtime – breast milk or fermented milk drink (baby kefir). AT child’s diet per year should not include (as much as mom and – and especially grandparents) would like – cakes, pastries, and especially chocolate sweets. If you really want to pamper your baby with sweets – choose marshmallow, jam, jam (better if they are on fructose), marmalade. And remember the basic rules: feeding a baby from a year to a year and a half is four to five meals a day, that is, with a break between feedings for about 4 hours. Try to observe the diet strictly enough so that the child develops a conditioned reflex (that is, by a certain time the digestive system will be ready to accept and digest food).
Calorie meals for child per year different: the most high-calorie should be lunch, then downward – dinner, breakfast, afternoon tea. The daily volume of food (excluding liquids) is 1000-1200 ml (such recommendations are maintained for approximately one and a half years). Be sure to follow the rules of introducing new products, monitor the freshness of food and the cleanliness of the baby’s dishes (as well as his and his hands) in order to avoid an intestinal infection.
1 Gluten is a plant protein found in some cereals: rye, barley, oats, as well as wheat, from which semolina is made that can cause small intestinal cell damage in young children — celiac disease and allergic reactions, since there is an enzyme deficiency in children peptidases that cleave gluten.