Over the past ten years, there have been tireless debates about the dangers of parabens in cosmetics. But at the same time, no law or regulation prohibiting their use has appeared. Large cosmetic corporations are trying to find a way to exclude preservatives from the composition of their products, and small representatives of the cosmetic business are more likely to look for an alternative.
What should consumers do? Afraid of parabens and buying only organic cosmstics? Or not to believe the pseudo-scientific hypotheses and calmly use the usual means?
What are parabens?
Parabens are chemical substances, esters of para-hydroxybenzoic acid, which, due to their antibacterial and antifungal properties, are widely used as preservatives in food, medicines and cosmetic products.
Interestingly, some parabens were found in nature, particularly in plants: methyl paraben is present in blueberries as an antimicrobial agent. But the parabens that interest us, that is, commercially used, are already produced synthetically, as a result of the esterification of para-hydroxybenzoic acid with the corresponding alcohols.
We are interested in parabens in cosmetics. Is their presence acceptable in the composition and in what quantities ah? In the EU countries, the presence of parabens in cosmetics (cream, shower gels, shampoos, etc.) is regulated by special directives: methyl -, propyl -, butyl -, ethyl parabens and their isoforms – isobutyl and isopropyl – are allowed for use in clearly defined proportions: 0 4% of the total composition as the only paraben in this product; and