This little bloodsucker is not very pleasant appearance can heal a person from the mass of diseases.
Our expert tells Candidate of Medical Sciences, physician of the highest category in physiotherapy MONIKI them. M. F. Vladimirsky, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Physical Methods of Treatment, Faculty of Advanced Training of Medical Staff at RUDN Nina Lazarenko.
How does a leech
The effect of hirudotherapy consists of three types of effects: mechanical, reflex and biochemical.
In obedience to his food reflex, the leech sticks to the skin and with all its three jaws it is thrust into the sacrifice by two hundred and seventy (!) Tiny teeth that resemble microsyringes. At the same time, the muscle rollers located in the leech jaws begin to actively massage adjacent tissues, increasing blood flow to their oral cavity. It turns out a kind of vacuum massage. Sucking in, the leech injects saliva into the blood of its victim, which contains a lot of useful biologically active substances. To enhance the benefits of leech exposure, hirudotherapists usually place them on the human body in special reflex zones. In the place of the leech bite a small focus of inflammation occurs, where a whole army of cells mobilized in the body, which produce various enzymes, including anti-inflammatory, comes to fight with it. They destroy the old, outdated cells of the body, stimulating their renewal.
The whole pharmacy!
For a long time, the leech was believed to have a healing effect due to bloodletting, but later a special substance was found in the leech’s saliva – hirudin, which slows down blood clotting, prevents blood clots, anesthetizes and prevents inflammation. In the past 50–60 years, hirudotherapy has received modern scientific substantiation. At the same time, Russian scientists I. P. Baskov and G. I. Nikonov identified a number of enzymes with unique healing properties. Today it is already known that leech saliva contains more than one hundred bioactive substances useful for our body – the whole pharmacy!
The unique anticoagulant effect of leech saliva is somewhat similar to aspirin, which is known to prolong the life of patients with coronary heart disease by blocking the formation of blood clots. However, aspirin cannot destroy already existing blood clots, whereas such leech enzymes as destabilase and hirudin, not only inhibit blood clot formation, but also dissolve fibrin in a blood clot. Therefore, in this case, hirudotherapy may be more effective than a number of drugs used. In addition, this method of treatment has significantly fewer side effects and contraindications than drugs.
We give old age
In the place of the leech bite, the microcirculation of blood and lymph improves, disorders of which underlie many diseases, including those that lead to aging of the body.
The blood loss of a leech bite stimulates the synthesis of new red blood cells in the human body, thereby rejuvenating the body in a natural way. The secret of leech saliva splits fats, reducing the risk of atherosclerosis, which also helps to remove old age.
Another remarkable effect of hirudotherapy – lowering blood pressure – occurs not only due to the fact that the leech sucks out a part of the blood, but also because the active substances of the leech’s saliva relieve vascular spasms. It is also important that this hypotensive effect can last for days and even months. Therefore, to reduce the pressure, it is quite sufficient to conduct hirudotherapy procedures once a week, and later on less frequently.
And the leech helps to lose weight, resolves adhesions and scars, cleanses the body of toxins, improves immunity.
You should not be afraid of a bite
Hirudotherapy has few contraindications: poor blood coagulation, cancer and acute infectious diseases. However, if you decide to resort to this method of treatment, contact a real doctor, in addition to medical education who has the appropriate specialization in hirudotherapy.