What is a smear for?

The female genital sphere is a special mechanism that can be influenced by even the smallest external factors. Elementary hypothermia is often the cause of the development of a number of unpleasant and dangerous pathologies. In order to identify their presence in a timely manner, the gynecologist prescribes a seeding tank from the cervical canal.

Such a study is not always carried out, but only under the conditions of the ineffectiveness of other diagnostic procedures, as well as to confirm the preliminary diagnosis. Why do we need manipulation, and how long do we need to wait for results? Let’s try to figure it out.

What is a tank seeding from the cervical canal

The procedure involves taking a sample of biological material from the vaginal walls for further clinical research. It is performed in case of suspected presence of infectious diseases of the genital organs in women. The goal is to determine exactly what kind of pathogenic microflora caused the indisposition and anxiety symptoms in patients.

What is a cervical canal scraping? Using a cotton swab or a special sterile gynecological instrument, the doctor carefully picks up the material for the study. The stick is placed in a special flask, which prevents the attachment of third-party microorganisms to the sample taken.

Sometimes a gynecologist can place a smear on sterile glass, which is then sent to a laboratory for research. After the analysis, the doctor confirms or denies the presence of a bacterial or fungal infection, and can also judge what could cause discomfort to the patient.

What does the sowing tank show?

It is very important to understand what a smear shows on a sowing tank. This will help to understand the features of the decryption of the data. So, during the analysis you can find:

  • enterococci;
  • Escherichia coli;
  • leukocyte cells;
  • epithelial cells;
  • chlamydia;
  • Trichomonas;
  • various fungi;
  • gonococci;
  • mucous impurities, etc.

Fact. Sowing from the cervical canal is one of the most informative and important clinical procedures, with the help of which pathologies that are extremely dangerous for a woman’s health are detected. Based on the data obtained, the results are interpreted and a strategy is developed for the further treatment of the current disease.

Indications for holding tank sowing

A gynecological analysis is performed only if there is evidence, but from time to time it can also be performed for preventive purposes. Indications for the execution of such a test can serve as:

  • pregnancy planning;
  • the presence of inflammatory processes in the cervix;
  • infectious diseases of the genital organs;
  • detection of pathogenic flora in a smear from the cervical canal;
  • increased white blood cell count in an ordinary smear;
  • frequent relapses of chronic inflammatory or infectious gynecological pathologies.

Buck seeding from the vagina involves placing representatives of pathogenic microflora in a specific nutrient medium. For each type of bacteria or fungi, it is different, as well as the time required for germination. After this process is completed, the number of bacterial colonies (cells) is counted by a laboratory worker, then it records the data in a special form. The results are interpreted by a gynecologist.

Preparation for the procedure and interpretation of data

The patient must be well prepared for carrying out the baccali from the vagina. To do this, you must follow certain rules. Neglecting them may lead to false data, which means that the analysis will have to be repeated.

So how to prepare for the test from the cervical canal? Follow these guidelines:

  • the day before the prescribed procedure, it is necessary to stop douching;
  • do not use vaginal suppositories, including hormonal contraceptives;
  • refuse to have sex the day before the study;
  • for 48 hours after a colposcopy, the tank does not give up sowing from the urethra in women.

Note. If, before the study, you took antibiotics or other potent drugs, the passage of the seeding tank must be postponed to another day. Under the influence of antimicrobial drugs, the properties of biological material from the cervical canal change somewhat, which may lead to false research results.

What results are not the norm?

Adverse are those results of the analysis, according to which were found enterobacteria in a smear in women. These are microorganisms that often infect the human intestines. When they fall on the mucous membranes of the genital organs, quite unpleasant symptoms can occur: abdominal pain, fever, profuse mucous membranes, purulent, bloody discharge, etc.

However, this list of pathogenic bacteria does not end there; therefore, the presence of a smear can indicate a serious health problem:

  • E. coli;
  • yeast in large quantities;
  • different types of staphylococcus;
  • bacteria citrobacter;
  • Proteus bacteria;
  • gonococcus;
  • Trichomonas;
  • gardnerell;
  • leptotriks.

Be careful! Of particular concern is the presence of diphtheroids in the smear. It indicates the development of vaginal dysbiosis, which is accompanied by itching, burning of the genitals, pain in the lower abdomen, deterioration of health. This disease is similar to intestinal dysbiosis, and although it is considered relatively safe, disruption of the normal microflora of the vagina can have extremely serious consequences.

Some pathogens are not detected during seeding from the cervical canal to the flora. In this case, the method of polymerase chain reaction, or PCR.

What is a smear for?

Data decryption

To begin with, let’s see how much a smear is done on the flora and backwater on a nutrient medium. In the first case, the results can be prepared, both for a few hours and for a couple of days. This is directly dependent on the employment of medical personnel.

What is a smear for?

This is not the case with bacterial seeding. Its results are issued after 5 days from the date of delivery of the material for research. During this time, the bacteria will have time to grow, which will enable the laboratory technician to specify the exact number. These data are important for the appointment of therapy to the patient.

Now a little about decoding the data. In healthy women, there are no fungi in the smear, and the level of lacto-and bifidobacteria is at least 10 to 7 degrees. The rate of E. coli is 1 to 2 degrees of CFU. The presence of single enterococci is allowed.

Why do you need bacterial seeding during pregnancy?

A smear from the cervical canal during pregnancy is a mandatory procedure, followed by a tank sow. This helps in the shortest possible time to detect this or that disease (if any) and promptly address its treatment. But many moms are concerned about the question – isn’t such a procedure harming the fetus? Whether the doctor will cause an infection with gynecological instruments while taking biological material for research?

It is worth saying at once: this manipulation should not cause any fears. The doctor takes a sample using disposable plastic instruments that are included in the gynecological kit. You can buy it at any pharmacy, adjacent to the clinic, and not only.

What is the need for seeding from the cervical canal during pregnancy? During this period of a woman’s life, the most optimal conditions are created for the reproduction of pathogenic microflora. The immune system of the future mother is weakened, and the hormones are changing, which often becomes the cause of the development of inflammatory and infectious processes.

In order to timely detect the pathology, the doctor prescribes the patient a referral to the tank for seeding from the cervical canal during pregnancy. For 9 months, the developed diseases seriously threaten the health of the child, so the sooner they are detected and cured, the less dangerous the complications will be for the fetus and the mother herself.

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