Basil – refers to the annual medicinal plants. In the wild nature of South Asia, and there his homeland, it can grow up to 75 centimeters, scattering its tetrahedral stems around. A plant in nature can have many shades ranging from green and reaching purple, while it can have different smells. It was the smell that made this plant attractive to humans.
The name basil in translation means “royal”. It was believed that only the monarch himself could cut the leaves of a plant with a golden sickle. In the world there are about 70 species of plants. From the 18th century in Russia it was used as a medicinal plant.
Basil came to Europe in the 12th century, and having conquered the countries of Italy and France, gradually conquered our love. In Russia, it began to be used for both culinary and medical purposes.
Composition of basil
Basil – 18 beneficial properties
Both the leaves and flowers of the plant are edible. But it is the leaves that are richest in essential oils, therefore, when the plants bloom, they try to remove the flowers in order to preserve the freshness and softness of the stem and leaves.
Basil promotes heart health
Naturally saturated with natural properties, the plant has high provitamin A – beta – carotene, which performs the function of intercepting and eliminating free radicals. It is these radicals that are so destructive for our body. Beta-carotene protects our body from the formation of malignant tumors and prevents aging. Given these properties of basil, it is distinguished by its ability to prevent the development of atherosclerosis and related heart attacks, improves the functioning of the heart muscle, strengthens the general condition of the blood vessels, reducing cardiac cramps. Beta-carotene reduces cholesterol levels in the blood, which helps to strengthen the arteries and prevent heart attacks.
Maintain healthy skin and hair
Basil extract is included in many formulations of shampoos and balsams for hair and skin care. Essential oils of the plant have good moisturizing properties. Applying them to care for dry and brittle hair can significantly achieve the effect of improving the strands. Improving blood circulation, basil-based products activate the hair follicles, improve their condition and are able to provide a therapeutic effect in the manifestations of psoriasis.
Essential oil based on basil can prevent rashes on the skin of the face. In cosmetology, it is used to eliminate the manifestations of anke – acne. Possessing bacterial properties, the oil, penetrating into the blocked pores of the face, prevents the spread of acne and eliminates the growth of bacteria causing this process. In addition, basil is widely used for other problems associated with the skin. The anti-inflammatory qualities of fresh plant juice are used for insect bites, ringworm and psoriasis. In cosmetology, basil oil is aimed at giving the skin a soft, velvety look.
Basil’s help in preventing malignant neoplasms
The content of flavonoids in the plant protects the natural structure of cells from free radicals. Being a powerful antioxidant, basil is able to resist the development of malignant cancers.
Basil strengthens the immune system
Studies conducted in the field of studying the properties of plants, showed the ability of basil to resist the formation of pathogenic bacteria of various types. Antioxidants present in the essential oil of the plant play the role of a defense mechanism in the fight against bacterial infections. Scientists have found that the presence of rosmarinic, linolenic and oleic acids in a plant provides antibacterial ability; it is their combination that helps the plant to withstand such diseases as pseudomonas bacillus, staphylococcal infection and enterococcus. Basil leaves applied to wounds, they are part of the preparations intended for the treatment of herpes and other viral infections.
Basil help in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Basil has a powerful anti-inflammatory potential. It normalizes the process of the digestive tract and improves digestive activity. Infusions with basil relieve intestinal inflammation, reduce flatulence, stomach cramps and support healthy intestinal microflora. One-percent solution of the essential oil of basil can be rinsed with fresh vegetables and fruits, it will significantly reduce the presence of microbes and bacteria on them. And the fresh leaves of the plant in the salad, will not only give the dish a spicy flavor, but will also protect against E. coli with its antibacterial properties.
Basil extract is often used in the composition of funds aimed at solving problems with digestion. In particular, with the causes of GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) in which the return of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus occurs, resulting in inflammation of the esophagus walls.
Basil’s ability to improve blood clotting
Naturally saturated with anti-hemorrhagic vitamin K, basil can help the synthesis of proteins responsible for blood clotting (coagulation). It also has a positive effect on the process of calcium absorption, which plays an important role in the metabolism of bones and connective bone tissue. The daily rate of vitamin K is able to replenish only two tablespoons of chopped basil herb.
Basil Help with Arthritis Pain
Based on the essential oil of basil, a colorless liquid eugenol is obtained. In the oil of eugenolic basil it is from 70 to 89 percent. Used liquid in the composition of painkillers, biocidal and antiseptic drugs. Eugenol, reducing the activity of cyclooxygenase, prevents the formation of anti-inflammatory cells and proteins. Studies conducted at the University of Science in Malaysia found that applications using eugenol basil significantly reduce arthritic pain and swelling in the knees. Eating leaves in the daily diet significantly alleviate the condition of patients with arthritis.
Prevents a cold
Drinking tea with basil is effective during seasonal cold diseases. Rich in vitamin C, it will help reduce body temperature, ease coughing, eliminate throat infections. Spicy leaves of the plant are well used for inhalation of the upper respiratory tract.
Basil’s ability to maintain mental alertness
Plants are also widely used to improve cognitive abilities. It has a special influence on the improvement of the process associated with memorization,
Numerous research data have shown that the leaves of the plant have anti-stress properties and can protect the nervous system from adverse overloads. Experts in the field of health recommend for this purpose to use per day from 10 to 12 fresh green leaves of the plant, chewing them well. Such a simple anti stress recipe, not only able to clean the blood of toxins, but also calmly treat stressful situations. Regular consumption of basil can reduce the level of stress hormone cortisol in the body, an increased content of which can cause an increase in body weight.
In case of respiratory disease
Basil is one of the components of many syrups and expectorants. The chemical components of the plant contribute to the removal of sputum from the bronchi and facilitate a dry cough. Everyone has the power to make a cough infusion based on a spicy plant at home. To do this, you need to boil for 10 minutes in 100 grams of water 7-8 basil leaves and 4 cloves of garlic. Use the infusion during the day. It is not only effective for coughing, but also able to relieve asthma exacerbations.
Improves oral health
Basil can perfectly care for the oral cavity, maintaining healthy teeth and gums. It helps to eliminate bad breath caused by various symptoms. For hygienic purposes, care for the oral cavity is practiced using powder prepared from the plant. Several dried leaves, worn in a powdered state, are used as toothpaste. This tool will not only strengthen the tooth enamel, but also take care of the healthy state of the gums.
Basil’s help with urolithiasis
The leaves of the plant have the ability to positively affect the work of the kidneys. 5-7 leaves of the plant used before meals, will improve the secretion of bile. And basil juice with an equal amount of honey, taken for 5 months, will contribute to the removal of stones from the kidneys and urinary system.
Help with headaches
Basil is distinguished by excellent properties when removing the head pain caused by muscle tension, as it is able to act as a muscle relaxant, relaxing muscles, blocking the centers of overexcitation, and without exerting any negative effects on the human body. Tea from basil leaves is taken with a headache, or simply putting the leaves of the plant on the temples. With mild pain, you can chew leaves, or massage using basil oil.
Antimicrobial properties of the plant
The plant is distinguished by powerful anti-microbial properties. The presence in the essential oil of basil of substances linalool, cyneol, myrcene, can stop the development of harmful bacteria and antibiotic microorganisms. In surgery, the properties of the plant are used during the rehabilitation of postoperative patients. Appliques with the addition of basil stimulate tissue growth, promote the healing of stitches and prevent the formation of keloids.
Many people suffer from yeast and fungal infections. Skin disease Candida, recently affects not only the elderly, but also young people. Essential oil of basil is extremely “unfriendly” for opportunistic fungus of the genus Candida and is able to effectively fight it.
Basil help in ear inflammations
Ear infections that cause pain in the ear are probably one of the most unpleasant and painful. This issue is especially relevant when it comes to children. For diseases of this kind, it is recommended to use the essential oil of basil, which has antibacterial properties and copes well with inflammatory processes caused by ear infections. It will be enough two or three drops of oil to reduce pain and reduce inflammation.
The positive impact of basil on vision
The use of spicy herbs of basil will favorably affect the health of the retina. Saturated with vitamin A, it preserves the health of the mucous membranes of the eye and improves visual function.
What is basil for male and female health?
The peculiarity of the plant to exert a stimulating effect on the body classifies it as aphrodisiac. This makes basil indispensable for men. The use of seasoning in the diet enhances the potency and male power, stabilizing the work of other organs and systems. In addition, it improves overall performance and well-being.
No less useful it is for women. Basil Herb is able to relieve spasmodic pains during the “critical days” period. On the basis of the essential oil of the plant, masks and creams with a rejuvenating effect are prepared. Basil is present in dietary dishes and is able to accelerate metabolic processes, thereby removing excess, unwanted kilograms from the waist.
Help for diabetics
The properties of basil are widely used in helping to support patients with vascular diseases and diabetic problems. In patients with cardiovascular diseases, basil reduces the level of triglycerides in the blood and cholesterol, helps reduce the possibility of heart attacks and strokes. Laboratory studies have confirmed the ability of basil to reduce sugar levels, which makes it useful for people suffering from different stages of diabetes.
If you are swayed in transport, you should simply take in the mouth and chew a few leaves of the plant.
Contraindications to the use of basil
Despite the above positive properties, has basil and its contraindications, which should not be neglected. Namely:
- in acute cerebrovascular accident – a stroke;
- in chronic neurological diseases that manifest themselves to a predisposition to the occurrence of seizures – epilepsy;
- in case of vascular pathology, expressed as thrombophlebitis and thrombosis;
- in clinical forms of ischemic heart disease occurring in the form of myocardial infarction;
- people with impaired blood clotting;
- in acute and chronic hypotension – low blood pressure;
- high concentration of essential oils in the plant is not recommended for pregnant and lactating women;
- spicy grass is not recommended for children under the age of seven;
- basil content is high in mercury. As a consequence, it is not recommended to use the leaves of the plant in large quantities. In large doses, basil can harm the body, so you should consult with your doctor before use.
Interesting facts about the basilica
In Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, spicy grass is added to the aroma in the water, which is illuminated during the Divine service.
In Central Asia, basil is called fragrant grass – Regan or Reikhan.
In Romania, a girl giving consent to an engagement gives her chosen one a sprig of basil, but Mexicans believe that the mystical properties of the plant will help keep her lover nearby, so they sew up a dry plant in the folds of men’s clothing.
Essential oils of the plant are toxic to insects and well repel mosquitoes and flies. Grass bags hanging in the closet will save the owner of things from the appearance of moths.
Camphor and eugenol are produced industrially from basil, using them in the perfume and medical industries. Dentists often recommend the use of basil infusion in the prevention of diseases of the oral cavity, as it can kill about 90 percent of bacteria and prevents the development of caries.
People using a salt-free diet replace salt with a combination of basil and rosemary.
Basil plant is quite capricious, loves fertilized soil, good watering, warmth and care. Only industrious gardeners can please themselves with green leaves of a plant grown on the site. Insecticidal properties of plants, will help get rid of spider mites and aphids in the garden.