In Latin Sálvia Divinórum translates as "sage of soothsayers"in other words sage narcotic. The leaves of this plant contain a psychoactive hallucinogen called salvinorin A, which has dissociative properties. As a cultivated plant, it has its Latin name Salvia Divinorum. This type of sage does not differ in structure from the rest of the representatives of the sage species: perennial, from the rhizome first herb, then semi-shrub. It grows mainly in the subtropics, but if you save it from frost, it also survives in the colder climate of Salvia Divinorum. The ban on the cultivation of this plant is associated with its properties, which we will discuss later.
Salvia Divinorum has a densely branched woody root. The stem is simple, ascending, sometimes branching, square section. If it grows in natural conditions, then a sufficiently tall bush is up to two meters. It propagates again in natural conditions with vegetative cuttings; any fragments of the stem root well upon contact with moist soil and give birth to new plants.
Salvia Divinorum leaves are large, they reach twenty centimeters, simple, oval, solid, beautiful emerald color, with thin hairs. Along the edge of the leaf is rounded-toothed, the leaves are opposite. The flowers are complex, whorty, typical in shape for all labourataceous, white petals, purple stamens, collected at the end of the stem of spike-shaped inflorescences. The fruit is an ordinary achene.
More about the plant
The Salvia Divinorum area is not too large in the wild – its homeland is Central America, most of all in Mexico (Oaxaca). It is a rather water-loving plant, it grows well in the shade on regularly moistened and drained soil. Discovered for the first time in the Sierra Madre region, where it is still used by the Masatek Indians in shamanistic rites.
At a small dosage, the leaves of this plant are treated for anemia, diarrhea, rheumatism and abdominal distention, and are also taken as a diuretic. That is, not only a beautiful, but also a useful plant, Salvia Divinorum, but the harm from it is much greater, because it is addictive, and a fatal outcome can occur from an overdose.
Even the leaves of normal salvia can cause very negative points when taking large quantities (often by smoking): this is not only a bad experience, but also a threat to the health of the lungs. Some lovers of traveling to other realities do not consider a plant called Salvia Divinorum a drug, a ban on growing it is considered a measure of inadequacy.
However, even they admit that traveling to other realities with the help of sage predictors can end very badly – a person loses control of himself, can hurt himself, fall, get injured of any degree of severity. Usually, the addict gets the main thrill from the end of the action of Salvia Divinorum extract, because during the action his behavior shows the highest degree of discomfort.
For the first time, Salvia Divinorum, the cultivation of which has not yet spread throughout the world, was discovered and described in 1939. And the scholar Jean Basset Johnson, who studied Indian shamanism, did this. The scientific discovery occurred even later – in 1962, as a result of the expedition of the chemist Albert Hofmann and the ethnobiologist Gordon Watson, who went to Mexico specifically to study this plant.
The mechanism of impact on the human body was not established until the end of the 90s, when a group of ethnobotanists headed by Daniel Siebert took up the scientific experiments. As Salvia Divinorum was historically domesticated, the law on the prohibition of which appeared only in some countries, including the Russian Federation, is almost unknown, and it is not possible to study this subject.
Due to the small range of this particular type of sage, only one group of Indians used it, and they cannot tell how the cultivation took place.
There is a lot of information about how the leaves of Salvia Divinorum were used by Indian shamans: they chewed them, gradually entering into a trance, after which they acquired the gift of clairvoyance and predicted the future. The most experienced people made a salvia drink, after which they could, with one hundred percent accuracy, guess the events that were already occurring and coming, determine the cause of the disease of the people who approached them and even predict their fate.
The main psychoactive substances found in the leaves of the plant are salvinoril A and salvinoril B. They belong to complex organic compounds of diterpenes. Salvia Divinorum has other fractions of these compounds – C, D, E, and so on – only six, only their concentration is rather small, and the effect on the human body has not been practically studied. Fresh leaves contain 0.022 percent salvinoril, and dry leaves contain 0.18. The surprise for scientists is that the action is due to the activation of kappa-opioid receptors, which is why the psychedelic effect is so great.
Salvinoril A, as it turned out, is the most potent plant-derived hallucinogenic substance known to date. Its strength is ten times greater than psilobicin, and in psychedelic activity it is close to a semi-synthetic hallucinogen, commonly known as LSD. Perhaps this information is slightly exaggerated by the advertising campaign conducted by the distributing agents, who are doing everything to seduce the young people of our country from the path of a healthy lifestyle.
Since 2009, it has been listed in List 1 of the Narcotic Drugs and Salvia Divinorum. The law of the Russian Federation attributed it to psychotropic substances and their precursors, which are subject to control, and their circulation is completely prohibited. In April 2009, by a sanitary doctor of the Russian Federation, smoking mixtures and flavors were banned, in which sage of predictors serves as a component, because of the content of toxic substances in its composition.
Also, this plant and its component salvinoril A were included in the lists of controlled substances in many other states – Belgium, Australia, Germany, Italy, Denmark, Spain, Sweden, Finland, Japan and some US states. These states have banned the turnover of both salvinoril and the plant itself called Salvia Divinorum.
This flowering plant is almost impossible to propagate by seed, most often the plant breeder is expected to fail. But the cuttings take root great. Even if a sprig of five to ten centimeters, spontaneously broken off, falls on the wet and soft earth, it takes root. In cultural conditions, the cuttings are rooted either in water or in favorable substrates, river sand for example. To do this, take a small pot or even a plastic cup, half of the ground is poured, in which freshly cut Salvia Divinorum sits on two or three centimeters, the cutting of which is covered with a glass container or a plastic bag.
The plant is better to hold in the shade until it takes root, then after a couple of weeks, you can start a little dressing. The roots grow very quickly, occupying the entire space of the tank, so it is undesirable to pull with a transfer. It is better to transplant into a tank of much larger size. Adult Salvia Divinorum, the seeds of which some amateur growers still manage to germinate, requires a very large pot, as well as regular feeding. However, it is important not to overdo it. Overdose Salvia Divinorum is very sensitive.
The one-of-a-kind flower is grown in the country quite often, although it is Divinorum that is almost not present, just sage is welcomed, which also has many romantic names, such as life-prolonging. The homeland of the inhabitant of Russian country houses is considered the south of Europe, where it is also a sacred grass and possesses considerable medicinal properties.
The healing characteristics of sage Hippocrates called salutary, and the ancient Egyptians with its help rejuvenated the body and used its effect on childbirth. When bloody wars ended, sage was brewed in each kitchen and added to all dishes — the ability to conceive increased, the population recovered and increased. In addition, sage was attributed to some magical properties, especially in ancient Egypt. And now they sabotage both children and adults with sage for any cold, cough, toothache, inflammation of the oral mucosa.
Salvia Divinorum is a type of sage, a perennial, in a harsh climate it loses this quality and lives from the strength of two years, because it does not tolerate frost. As a member of the list of forbidden plants, due to the strong hallucinogenic effect, it cannot be grown in a country house, since it is prohibited by law.
Salvia sparkling (brilliant) – the beauty is absolutely not so simple, you can compare it with the inflorescences of such a plant as Salvia Divinorum, a photo of flowers. Its seedling is grown from seeds to decorate any flower beds: not very high, up to fifty centimeters, bushes with white, pink, purple panicles. And this is not a perennial plant in our latitudes, often one-year, sometimes two years.
The seeds of Salvia sparkling are germinated in the same way as kosmei or chamomile. Sowing is covered with glass in order to create a microclimate and keep the soil moist. It is better to water from the spray bottle so as not to accidentally wash the seeds. After two or four weeks, shoots appear. The processes are extremely small and tender. Too thick shoots need to be thinned, but carefully, better with tweezers, because neighboring plants are easily damaged. At first, salvia grows very, very slowly. If the sprouts are strongly drawn out and thinned, they sprinkle moist soil under them, as if gently spud. After the appearance of these leaves, the care of salvia will require significantly less. But only when the spring frosts are completely over, can you plant seedlings in open ground.
Among other types of sage – salvia desert, Dagestan, Syrian, Transylvanian, ferruginous, prickly, meadow, etc.
This plant is from Caprivil, therefore, growing it in the country is not a simple task. Attention and care are needed constantly. As well as the lack of cross-winds. Salvia loves the sun, but grows well in the shade. The soil should be rich and moisture-intensive. Sour soil is preferred. Mandatory weeding and loosening the soil. This ornamental shrub blooms from June to the most frost – the joy of any gardener. Watering this plant is therefore better at the root and as needed.
He likes moisture, but there should be no stagnant water. In addition to peat, sand is also added to the soil so that the water does not stagnate. Top dressing is carried out repeatedly and complex, and mineral fertilizers. First, fertilize seedlings, then in the period of budding. Growth stimulators have shown themselves well (for seedlings). Protection against pests – mites, aphids and thrips is also needed. Sick Salvia extremely rare.