Autism spectrum disorders are a condition that affects social interaction, communication, interests, and behavior. They include Asperger syndrome and childhood autism.
Signs and symptoms
The main features of the disease usually begin to develop in childhood, although autism syndromes at the beginning of life are often not so obvious and do not lead to significant personality changes.
Autism can exhibit a wide range of symptoms, which are often grouped into two main categories: Problems of social interaction and communication, including problems with understanding and knowing the emotions and feelings of others; it may also include a delay in language functions and the inability to start negotiations or to participate in them properly.
Restricted zones and repetitive patterns of thinking, interests, and physical behavior — including repetitive physical movements, such as pressing or twisting the arms, as well as patient frustration, if this set of routines is impaired. Children, young people, and adults with autistic spectrum disorder often also depend on other mental health conditions, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, or depression.
About half of those with autism also have varying levels of learning difficulty. However, with appropriate support, many people are able to become independent.
Children with more severe symptoms who have great difficulties in learning should receive more additional care and help in order to live independently, and families can enjoy a good quality of life only if maximum attention is paid to patients.
Getting a diagnosis
Autism is rarely diagnosed in children under the age of two or three years. For many, the symptoms manifest themselves fully only when they get older.
If you are concerned about the development of your child, it is imperative that you contact your general practitioner or, as soon as you notice any of the symptoms of the autism spectrum. Discuss your concerns in the family, do not postpone the discussion until later – the baby should be referred to the assessment of specialists as quickly as possible. Do not expect that Wikipedia will tell you everything about autism – although somehow only the most complete immersion into the problem will help to cope with the problem.
An autistic patient is not only a child – in adults this diagnosis is also made. Contact a specialist if you are concerned about the behavior of a relative. Doctors can use the screening tool to check if he has signs of autism, whether to send him to relevant experts in your area.
What causes autism?
The exact cause of autism is unknown, but it is believed that several complex genetic and environmental factors are to blame. In some cases, the underlying non-psychological illness can contribute to the development of autism.
More recently, some people believed that a number of vaccines (against mumps, measles and rubella) contributed to the development of childhood autism syndrome, but after extensive research by a number of large medical organizations involving millions of children around the world, it became clear that there was no evidence of a link diseases and vaccines.
Autism in adults
Some patients have features of the condition, like in a child, but at the same time they enter adult life, even without being correctly diagnosed. It is clear that getting a necessary diagnosis even in adulthood can often help people with autism spectrum disorders and their families understand the condition in order to find out what kind of support they need.
Some types of autism suggest that adults with symptoms of illness, can quite easily take part in recreational and cultural activities, work in simple positions. However, many adults find it difficult to find a job because of a disparity between physiological and social requirements. However, they can still get the support of the authorities and find a job that matches their abilities and skills.
Types and forms of autism
There is a significant overlap between various forms of autism. A wide variety of symptoms in children with autism, however, led to the adoption of a general concept of autism spectrum disorder, or, as they are called in Western countries, ASD.
Different forms of autism affect one out of every 88 children in the United States, more often the disease occurs among boys than girls. Experts are alarmed to note a steady increase in the number of diagnoses, which, however, is still not considered a consequence of any trend, but from improved detection.
Of course, getting a diagnosis of autism is a real shock for parents, but recent studies suggest that parents still do not break the emotional connection with the child and still have a strong attachment to it. Moreover, these studies published in the journal "Pediatrics"It is also confirmed by the fact that mothers of autists determine the degree of emotional and physical condition of a child much better than mothers of ordinary children and, accordingly, have the opportunity to give them much more care.
Early diagnosis is essential. As it is now clear, the types and forms of autism are completely diverse, and the manifestations of the disease can be much stronger if they did not start the child from an early age and then did not interrupt for a day
Sometimes, the child’s development is delayed from birth. Some children seem to develop normally, before they suddenly lose their social or language skills. Others show normal development, until they begin to strangely demonstrate unusual thoughts and desires.
In some children, language loss is a major impairment. Another type of autism is to look at the video – this is when unusual behavior dominates (for example, watching the subject for hours). Until recently, autism types have not been defined for guidelines in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic Manual (DSM-IV). Now, according to him, the three main types of ASD are: with Asperger indrom; development systems, unless otherwise indicated (PDD —NOS), and uticism.
The DSM-IV also includes two rare but serious manifestations of autism, like Rett syndrome and childhood destructive disorders. A new diagnostic guide has made a number of major changes in this list of disorders. It is not clear, however, how these changes will affect the task of medical professionals to determine exactly what the disease belongs to the spectrum of autistic disorders.