First Aid for Fainting should always be prompt. Loss of consciousness is a very common condition in everyday life, which is why people need to know how to provide first aid for fainting and its basic principles. Unconsciousness as a separate symptomatic indicator may not pose a risk to the life of the victim, but it may expose the body to injury or be a sign of a serious illness. Since the main etiological factor generating the syncopal state is the lack of oxygen in the brain structures due to the disturbance of their adequate blood supply, the primary measures are to lay the victim horizontally, lifting his lower limbs.
First aid for fainting
In order for primary measures to assist an individual temporarily unconscious to be adequate, it is necessary to have an idea of what constitutes a state of unconsciousness. So, fainting is expressed by an attack of short-term loss of consciousness, which occurs as a result of a transient disorder in the blood supply to the brain. Often this condition is caused by pathological processes, for example, various arrhythmias. Also, unconsciousness is often triggered by low O2 concentration in the blood or regulatory capillary dysfunction. In medical science, syncope is referred to as syncope.
First aid for fainting often depends on the etiological factor that provoked unconsciousness. For example, if the syncope came due to elevated temperatures of the environment, then the victim must be taken out onto the street or open windows, you can also put ice wrapped with a cloth on the frontal area.
There are many reasons for the loss of consciousness. The following are the most common: nervous strain, the effects of daily stressors, a sudden drop in blood pressure, hunger, O2 deficiency, physical exhaustion, overheating of the body, heat, or heat in the room, drops in atmospheric pressure. The listed reasons are classified as non-hazardous. However, often unconsciousness is a kind of signal indicating the presence of severe ailments in the body. Therefore, first aid for fainting must necessarily include the call of the ambulance brigade.
Syncopal status is often a sign of the following ailments: internal bleeding, myocardial insufficiency, some chronic ailments, and brain injury. Therefore, if suspicions arose that the victim had one of the above pathologies or the individual was turned off for more than one hundred and twenty seconds and the provision of first aid for fainting did not bring the patient to consciousness, it is imperative to immediately call a doctor.
Symptoms of fainting is not caused by etiological factor. In other words, the manifestations of syncope of different genesis are the same. Often, the disconnection of consciousness is accompanied by forerunners, such as a feeling of lack of air, nausea, and a strange hum in the ears, sudden weakness, dizziness, blurred vision. When these manifestations occur, it is recommended to immediately lie down or at least take a sitting position. Fainting in the supine position does not occur.
If it was not possible to avoid the loss of consciousness, the following clinical manifestations are more often observed: pallor of the dermis, cold sweat, rare and shallow breathing, drop in pressure, weak pulse.
With the above symptoms prohibited:
– seat the victim by force or keep his upright position, leaning against the wall;
– to move the patient, if there is reason to assume that the syncope is the result of injury;
– shake, brake or make other sudden movements.
So, first aid for a swoon is to perform the following actions. In the first turn, as described above, it is necessary to lay on the victim’s back on the surface in such a manner that the lower limbs are located above the head, which will ensure the flow of blood to the brain structures. Then it is necessary to ensure the air flow. If the patient is surrounded by a crowd of onlookers, you should ask them to disperse, if the patient is in a stuffy office, you need to open a window or take him outside in the absence of suspicion of injuries. It is also recommended to free the neck of the individual and other parts of the body from compression elements of the wardrobe, such as a shirt collar, buttoned to the top, a scarf or tie, a belt of trousers or a belt. Then you should act on the receptors, for example, sprinkle the person with cool water on the victim, slap a little on the cheeks or bring a cotton ball dipped in ammonia, the pungent smell of which in a few moments returns the individual to consciousness.
If the syncopal state is a consequence of overheating, then the victim must be moved to the shade, a cool room or drink cold, slightly salted water or tea. After the return of consciousness, the functioning of the psyche and all organs is quickly restored. However, if the syncope is caused by the presence of pathologies, then there may be pain in the sternum, an increase in pressure.
First Aid for Fainting – Action Algorithm
Since fainting is a consequence of oxygen deficiency in the brain structures, the natural reaction of the main steward to the functioning of the body is to adopt a horizontal position (that is, a fall). In the recumbent position, the performance of the myocardium is returned, as a result of which the blood supply to the brain structures is restored. When oxygen starvation is eliminated, the functioning of the whole organism returns to normal, and the unconscious individual regains consciousness.
How to provide first aid for fainting, you should know each person.
After all, if an individual has lost consciousness or has developed a collapse (a condition that carries a threat to human life and is characterized by a drop in pressure, a violation of the blood supply to the organs), certain actions are necessary for first aid.
So, fainting, collapse first aid includes the following algorithm of actions. Firstly, when fainting is necessary to provide free access to the subject lying down. Also free from the compressive elements of the wardrobe (tie, belt). Then call a doctor. Then it is necessary to check the presence of pulsation in the carotid artery. Body to give a horizontal position, lifting the legs above the head.
After performing the above manipulations, you should try to excite skin receptors. To do this, you need to rub the ears with a cool wet towel, sprinkle your face, give a couple of liquid ammonia or vinegar to smell.
Upon the individual’s exit from an unconscious state, it is necessary to warm him, wait for the doctor and hand the patient over to them. Doctors should tell the whole sequence of events.
The complex of auxiliary actions at a collapse practically does not differ from actions at a syncopal state. In a collapse, emergency care is simple, but very important for the salvation of the individual.
First aid for fainting – the algorithm of actions includes:
– giving the patient’s body a horizontal position, with his back down, raising the legs to ensure blood flow to the brain tissues (the plane must be firm and level);
– release of an individual’s body from squeezing clothes (upper buttons, scarf, belt);
– ensuring the affected air flow (you can open the window and make oxygen inhalation, if possible);
– warming the victim with hot water heaters or plastic bottles filled with hot liquid;
– bringing to the nose of the ammoniac individual to excite the nasal receptors;
– in the absence of ammonia, you can massage the ear lobes or temples;
– ensuring patient peace;
– in the absence of signs of vital activity of the body, it is necessary to perform a set of measures for resuscitation, covering an indirect myocardial massage, artificial respiration;
– if the collapse is a consequence of blood loss, it is necessary, in the first turn, to stop the bleeding.
There are a number of manipulations, which are strictly forbidden before the doctor arrives:
– “feed” the victim with well-known cardiac drugs, as they can expand the capillaries;
– if the individual is in a state of unconsciousness, it is impossible to force him to force to drink or give medicines;
– Try to bring the victim to consciousness with the help of a slap in the face.
It is vital that syncope collapse first aid be timely. Any delay can cost the victim health, often even life. All assistance manipulations performed must be clear, consistent. After all, for the affected subject is counted for seconds, and the called team of physicians may not be in time. That is why each individual needs to know the basics of providing urgent primary measures in the event of collapse or syncope. This knowledge can often save the victim’s life.
Compliance with the following preventive measures will avoid the occurrence of the above described conditions. In the first turn, prevention includes avoiding circumstances that provoke unconsciousness (stressful or extreme situations, hard diets, excessive fatigue, etc.), moderate athletic exertion, tempering, normal dreaming, daily routines, work and rest, balanced nutrition, getting rid of habits, harmful to health, treatment of the main disease (if available), regular examination.