The growing number of endocrine pathologies in the world is increasing every day, and diabetes still holds one of the leading places in the ranking of dangerous and frequently occurring diseases, second only to heart disease and oncology. Therefore, every woman needs to know about the first signs and symptoms of diabetes, read the article carefully!
Traditionally, the number of women suffering from endocrine pathologies is several times higher than that of men. This is due to the peculiarities of the endocrine system in women and often leads to the occurrence of the disease during hormonal changes – during pregnancy or in menopause.
Symptoms of diabetes in women in the early stages of the pathology are hardly noticeable, and this leads to late diagnosis of the disease. But after all, only the treatment started in time and a lifestyle change will allow you to maintain your health and avoid the occurrence of complications.
What is diabetes
This is an endocrine disease caused by a lack of the hormone insulin, which is responsible for the carbohydrate metabolism in the body. In this disease, glucose that enters the blood from food is not absorbed, the cells do not receive food and energy, and high blood sugar levels lead to the appearance of various pathologies in the work of the internal organs.
Type 1 diabetes occurs as a result of insufficient insulin production – the pancreas cannot provide the necessary amount of hormone and absolute insulin deficiency is formed. This type is most often found in young people of both sexes. The causes of its occurrence have not yet been precisely studied.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a relative insulin deficiency, the pancreas produces normal amounts of the hormone, but the body’s cells “do not recognize” it and glucose uptake does not occur. A paradoxical situation arises – there is a lot of glucose and insulin in the blood, and the cells are starving at this time. This type most often occurs in women older than 40 years.
- genetic predisposition
- overweight is especially important for older people
- viral infections
- nerve strain.
A feature of diabetes in women is its slow and inconspicuous start. The first signs of diabetes are not noticeable, and the disease can be identified by chance – during a blood test, visiting an oculist or other specialist who has suspected the disease.
The first signs of diabetes can be:
- increased thirst – occurs in all cases and is one of the first signs of illness.
- Severe weight loss or weight gain – on the background of complete health, suddenly the patient’s weight drops sharply, or, conversely, he quickly begins to gain weight.
- Constant fatigue and decreased performance.
- Visual impairment – one of the first signs of diabetes – is a sharp deterioration in vision, patients complain of darkness and various images before their eyes.
- Disturbance of blood formation in the extremities – in case of diabetes, the blood hardly reaches the distal parts of the extremities. This can lead to numbness, tingling, and cramps in the lower and upper extremities.
- The occurrence of purulent complications – in case of diabetes mellitus, any injuries heal are several times worse, and a cut or superficial wound is easily inflamed and infected.
- Frequent urination,
- Menstrual problems.
- Fungal diseases of the nails, mucous membranes and internal organs.
- Immunosuppression – frequent catarrhal diseases, exacerbation of chronic diseases.
The first symptoms of diabetes are not very specific and do not alarm the patient, he does not pay special attention to such symptoms and does not seek help from doctors.
If any of these symptoms occur, and especially with a complex of such symptoms, you should consult a doctor and diagnose the disease. Diabetes mellitus is an incurable disease, but the sooner treatment is started, the more likely the patient is to maintain a normal lifestyle and avoid complications.
To diagnose a disease, it is necessary to consult an endocrinologist, only he will be able to accurately identify the presence of pathology and associated complications.
Diagnosis of diabetes is quite simple:
- blood test for sugar – the blood test should be taken in the morning, on an empty stomach. Blood glucose standards are 3.5-6.5 mmol per liter. With a persistent increase in sugar levels, the doctor can diagnose diabetes mellitus without additional effort.
- urine test – determines the presence of sugar in the blood.
If diabetes mellitus is suspected or when hyper glucosemia is obtained in tests, it is necessary to undergo an ultrasound examination of the pancreas and other internal organs.
Treatment of diabetes should begin immediately after diagnosis, it will help alleviate the patient’s condition. Unfortunately, diabetes, the disease is not yet curable. To normalize the patient’s condition, he needs daily insulin injections, which serve as replacement therapy. The quantity, brand and scheme of treatment of diabetes mellitus is determined in each individual case, and are calculated taking into account all the features of the client.
When making a diagnosis of “diabetes mellitus” to normalize the patient’s condition, it is necessary not only to take insulin daily, but also to follow a strict diet. The body will not be able to cope with large amounts of carbohydrates and this can cause a hyperglycemic crisis.
Normal health with diabetes is ensured by adhering to the strictest diet and daily medication.
Traditional methods of dealing with diabetes mellitus, suggest using a different type of decoction of herbs, chicken egg, lemon juice, bay leaf for diabetes. From Tibetan medicine for the prevention of diabetes mellitus, you can advise a glass of “dia-slim tumbler” and “Bijayasal.” All these methods are not able to get rid of the symptoms of diabetes, but can serve as an excellent complement to conventional conservative treatment.