Quite a large number of people suffer from allergies to cats. Even with a great love for these animals, it becomes an obstacle to communicating with them. Is it possible to have a cat without suffering from allergies? In this article, we will understand what an allergy is, what are its causes and how it can be treated.
Causative agents of cat allergies
Allergies to pets are the most common type of allergic reaction in the world, and cats and cats are most often the causative agents of allergies – twice as often as dogs. Many people incorrectly believe that allergy causes wool, it is believed that short-haired animals (for example, sphinx breeds) have a lesser effect on the development of an allergic reaction. In fact, an allergy to cats appears regardless of the length of the cat’s coat and can be caused by:
- The proteins contained in the composition of saliva and urine of cats, as well as in dead skin cells. People with allergies, have a reduced immunity, so their body is most sensitive to external stimuli. On any allergen, the body sets in motion a defensive reaction, and if the immune system is weakened, the main symptoms of cat allergy appear, which are a side reaction of the body’s fight against the irritant.
- If the cat walks on the street, it can bring on the coat other, more powerful pathogens that cause allergies: pollen, mold, fluff, dust.
Thus, the symptoms of allergies in children or adults are not caused by the cat’s coat itself, but by what accumulates on it or on your pet itself.
Symptoms of Cat Allergies
Different people may have one or more symptoms of allergy to cats:
- runny or stuffy nose;
- irritability or tearfulness of the eyes;
- manifestations similar to asthma symptoms – coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath;
- reddening of the skin where the cat scratched, bit or licked.
The manifestation of symptoms is different: they can appear either immediately after contact with the cat, or several hours later. Approximately 30% of patients with asthma after contact with the cat begin to experience exacerbation of symptoms. It is a proven fact that the constant contact of children with allergens may be useful, and the signs of allergy may not appear in the future. However, if the child has a predisposition to allergies to cats and upon contact, any of the symptoms manifest themselves, it is better to protect his intercourse with the animals.
Determination of cat allergies
If you have symptoms of allergy in a child or an adult, you should not immediately blame your fluffy neighbor, but rather consult a doctor. Often the cat may not be to blame for the occurrence of allergies. Usually, if the possible cause of the symptoms is the appearance of a cat in the house, besides the treatment of cat allergy, the doctor suggests that you give it to someone for a while to know for sure. Also, when allergies are detected, skin tests and blood tests are taken.
Cat Allergy Treatments
Basically, allergy treatment is performed using standard treatment methods, applied in complex or separately, depending on how the patient is allergic to cats:
- The use of antihistamines, blocking the action of chemicals that cause symptoms.
- Complications of allergies are swelling and stagnation of mucus; decongestants are used to eliminate these conditions.
- Drugs that have anti-symptom effects.
- In some cases, a course of allergic injections is applied, the treatment of which is long and not always effective. However, such a course can improve the condition, and this possibility cannot be excluded.
Unfortunately, all methods of dealing with allergies do not allow to cope with it fully. And although there are many ways to alleviate the condition, allergists consider the best way to combat the lack of contact with them. In order for the symptoms not to be disturbed too often and not to cause suffering, you need to follow some rules. So, how to cure and how to get rid of cat allergies:
- It is necessary to avoid touching the cat, despite the assumption that a small contact does not hurt.
- Try to avoid close contact with people who have a cat at home, as there may be imperceptible fragments of wool on their clothes.
- If you come to visit the house where the cat lives, in advance, in about a few weeks, ask the owners that the cat does not enter the room where you will sleep. At the same time, start taking special hypoallergenic drugs to prevent the development of an allergic reaction.
If there is a cat at home, then, sadly, it is better to get rid of it. You can always find good people who shelter a pet.
But it often happens that it is impossible to find another place to live for a cat – there is no one to take it away, the other half love it, the children are used to it. There is also a way out of this situation, and in this case, only your correct behavior will not allow symptoms of cat allergies.
- It is necessary to limit contact with the cat as much as possible. Caring for a cat should be the responsibility of other family members, but not in your case.
- Try to make sure that the cat does not have access to the rooms that you use most often. Do not allow the cat to enter the bedroom.
- If you live in a private house, the best way out will be to equip a place for the cat outside – on the street or in the outer room.
- Keep order in the house. Cleaning should be done very often, thoroughly wash all the corners where the cat could leave its wool.
- Try to replace carpets with a large pile and thick curtains with others that have lower properties to attract allergens.
- A good measure to do without treatment for allergies to cats for a long time may be the installation of a ventilation, air conditioning and air purifier system in the house. If this is not possible, ventilate the room as often as possible, and clean it with quartz.
- Keep your cat clean. Of course, it is impossible to say exactly how permanent bathing can affect the manifestations of allergies, but you can observe your condition depending on the degree of purity of the cat’s hair. To reduce the amount of hair falling out, regularly brush your cat with a special brush.
With a mild allergy, this approach may have a certain effectiveness, but even if all the measures taken do not alleviate your condition and the symptoms of allergy to cats appear with a certain frequency, it is better to get rid of the cat. Otherwise, your health or the health of your relatives may be at risk.
Even if after taking all the measures your condition has become better, you do not need to think that you have completely got rid of allergies. If this condition is not put under control, it can worsen and increase the risk of developing asthma. Therefore, at the first signs of deterioration, immediately contact an allergist so that treatment of cat allergies is started on time. This will help to get rid in the future of many problems that may adversely affect health.