Atrial fibrillation is one of the types of tachycardia, which is characterized by electrical activity of the atria. Patients with such a diagnosis are interested in their life expectancy prognosis. It depends on several factors, among which is the success and timeliness of treatment. Equally important is whether the patient adheres to the rules of a healthy lifestyle or not. So, what is the prognosis for life with atrial fibrillation?
How many live with atrial fibrillation?
Depending on the stage of the disease, a prognosis is made.
Atrial fibrillation is one of the most frequent problems that people face with cardiovascular pathologies. The prognosis of life with this disease depends on the form in which it manifests. In most cases, paroxysmal flow is characteristic of atrial fibrillation. Its exacerbation can be observed over the years. Gradually, the disease acquires a chronic form, because of which the attacks of arrhythmias are greatly increased. As a result, the likelihood of a person developing dangerous complications that affect the duration of his life increases.
The prognosis is greatly influenced by the presence of concomitant diseases in the patient. Even a successful treatment does not guarantee recovery if the causes and symptoms of another pathology, such as heart disease or myocardial infarction, have not been stopped.
A violation of atrial contraction does not in itself pose a serious threat to human health. Other conditions can be reduced, and their course is aggravated by arrhythmias.
Cardiologists identify a group of diseases that act as dangerous complications of atrial fibrillation. They significantly shorten the life of a person with atrial fibrillation. These pathological conditions include:
- Coronary heart disease.
- Angina pectoris
- Myocardial infarction.
- Cardiogenic shock.
- Ischemia of the lower extremities.
- Dying off of certain areas of the intestine.
- Violation of the internal organs.
Each of these diseases requires individual treatment under the strict supervision of a physician. Neglect of therapy leads to death, as the affected parts of the body simply cease to function.
In order for the doctor to predict the life prognosis of a particular patient, he must first of all identify the source of the development of atrial fibrillation. The diagnosis of concomitant pathological processes that may be associated with atrial fibrillation is also required.
It is difficult to achieve a favorable prognosis for patients who have a lesion of the heart muscle. With such a violation, cardiologists diagnose cardiosclerosis, large-focal heart attack and other similar pathologies. Against the background of these diseases, heart failure subsequently develops.
Forecast depending on the stage
There are 3 forms of the disease, each of which differs in the prognosis of life.
The lifespan of a person who has atrial fibrillation is largely dependent on the stage of the cardiovascular disease. If a person during the diagnosis reveals a serious damage to the tissues of the heart, then he will only have a few years to live, if he does not take up his treatment.
Cardiologists identify 3 main forms of atrial fibrillation:
- Persistent This type of atrial fibrillation is diagnosed in patients whose cardiac arrhythmias are observed for more than a week. The minimum period of the course of persistent pathology is limited to 2 days. If untreated, rhythm recovery cannot be achieved. The prognosis for recovery from this form of the disease directly depends on the person’s current state of health and the presence of concomitant diseases that affect the course of atrial fibrillation.
- Paroxysmal. The attack of atrial fibrillation lasts at least 48 hours. After a heartbeat may return to normal. In this case, the patient will not need to take any medications or carry out procedures that alleviate the painful condition. The paroxysmal form of pathology is diagnosed only under the condition of single attacks, which appear periodically. The prognosis in this case is mostly favorable.
- Constant. This form of the disease is observed in patients whose symptoms of heart rhythm disturbances do not stop within 7 days. In this state, a person needs to constantly control his own heartbeat. Also not to do without taking medication that must be appointed by a cardiologist. Their reception is carried out under the supervision of a specialist. The prognosis of recovery in the case of the permanent form of atrial fibrillation depends on whether the patient complies with the doctor’s recommendations regarding behavior at the time of the attacks and periods of subsidence of the symptoms of the disease or not.
Prediction of complications
If heart fibrillation is accompanied by complications, then the prognosis of a person’s life with such a pathology can be both positive and negative. It all depends on the behavior of the patient suffering from heart disease. Atrial fibrillation of the heart and its projections is a special topic that requires detailed study.
Myocardial infarction may be a consequence of the disease
The prognosis for complications depends on the form of the pathology and the degree of damage to the cardiovascular system. Additionally taken into account the timeliness of the patient’s medical care during attacks of atrial fibrillation. If a person has no other diseases, then a temporary disturbance of the heart rhythm practically does not affect the general condition of the body. However, this does not mean that in the future the arrhythmia will not be able to lead to the development of diseases associated with it.
Atrial fibrillation can lead to the following pathological conditions that affect a person’s longevity:
- Heart failure, which is characterized by an acute course. With this disease, the patient can live no more than 5 years.
- Arrhythmic form of dilated cardiomyopathy. With this diagnosis, which complicates the course of atrial fibrillation, patients on average live from 3 to 7 years.
- Thromboembolism. According to statistics, people with this complication live no more than 4 years. The minimum life expectancy after the development of the disease is limited to 1 year.
- Ischemic disease of internal organs. If the patient adheres to the recommendations of a doctor who can improve his health, his life expectancy will increase on average to 10 years.
- Myocardial infarction. Doctors give patients with atrial fibrillation and a complication in the form of this disease a prognosis of life, which is limited to 10-20 years.
- Stroke. With such a diagnosis, a person can live another 5-10 years.
- Occlusion of intracardiac openings. One of the most dangerous complications in which the patient is fatal. The life forecast in this case is negative.
When making a prediction of life, it is necessary to focus not on statistically derived figures, but on the correctness of the treatment of atrial fibrillation and its complications.
If a person can not cope with an attack of atrial fibrillation, then he can expect an exacerbation of hypertension, fainting and cardiac arrest.
Complications are not formed in all people who suffer from atrial fibrillation. A large percentage of patients manage to cope with the disease and avoid serious consequences. Therefore, you should not consider atrial fibrillation as a sentence.
How to prolong life?
A diet with atrial fibrillation will help maintain the patient’s normal condition.
Timely adequate therapy increases the chances of a person to completely get rid of arrhythmic symptoms and prolong life for several decades. To improve your health, the patient must adhere to the correct lifestyle. Important is the observance of a special diet, which includes extremely useful for the body food.
Any cardiologist will confirm that diet plays a huge role in improving the prognosis of a patient with atrial fibrillation. In addition, it favorably affects the functioning of all internal organs and body systems.
The diet, which is recommended for atrial fibrillation, requires compliance with a number of simple rules and requirements:
- In the daily diet should preferably be products of plant origin.
- You need to eat up to 6 times a day in small portions.
- Periodically, you need to arrange fasting days that help the body get rid of toxins.
- The menu should include foods that are enriched with potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, vitamins B and D.
A person needs to change his lifestyle in order to achieve a favorable prognosis in the treatment of atrial fibrillation. First of all, it is necessary to exclude interaction with factors that may aggravate the course of pathology. These include severe physical or mental stress, smoking, alcohol abuse and stress.
It is especially important to avoid increased emotional stress. They affect the development of attacks of atrial fibrillation. To prevent their negative impact on the person can autotraining, which helps to achieve emotional relief and full inner peace. If necessary, the doctor prescribes a patient sedative drugs that are allowed to take for a long time.
A healthy lifestyle includes not only dieting, avoiding bad habits and avoiding stressful situations, but also including good rest and sleep in your daily routine, which takes at least 8 hours.
Maintaining a correct lifestyle and periodic visits to a cardiologist contribute to the prolongation of the life of a person with atrial fibrillation.