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Low pulse – bradycardia
Heart rhythm disorder, which is characterized by a decrease in the pulse (it becomes below 60 beats per minute), is called bradycardia. In most cases, a low pulse is observed in people with low blood pressure. Pulse reduction can occur for physiological reasons: for example, during sleep or at rest (usually in athletes), as well as as a result of a long stay in a cold room or when changing climatic conditions. In general, it is believed that the smaller the pulse in a person, the healthier he is. This statement is true if the pulse is within the permissible range: 60-100 beats per minute. In other words – if the pulse of a healthy person is 60 beats per minute, then this person is considered more healthy than the one whose pulse is 100 beats per minute. In order not to get confused, you need a clear understanding of exactly when the decrease in the pulse becomes a disease. To do this, you need to know that, paying attention to the pulse, you should check the heart rate (HR). The fact is that not any heartbeat gives a pulse wave, that is, while the heart beats within the normal range, the pulse can be low. That is why, for example, if the pulse is below 50, then in this case it is necessary to listen to the heart or make an ECG. If these examinations show that the heart rate is the same as the pulse, then it already indicates the presence of bradycardia. Why is a low pulse? The reasons for the low pulse are as follows:– physiologically low pulse (many people have a low pulse throughout their lives – and this is their normal state, but the pulse is lower than 60, even in a healthy person, should cause concern) – pathological bradycardia (usually caused by disorders in the cardiac conduction system) – the presence of organic pathologies of the heart (myocarditis, coronary heart disease, post-infarction cardiosclerosis, atherosclerosis of the coronary vessels) – the presence of endocrine pathology – various infections – severe intoxication of the body – the presence of nervous diseases – increased inside tricheral pressure – taking certain medications. Also, a low pulse can be observed when bathing in cold water (up to cardiac arrest), in the presence of pronounced pain syndrome, with severe shocks to the neck and especially to the chest. In addition, the pulse may decrease due to an increase in the tone of the parasympathetic nervous system or as a result of a drop in blood pressure.
Bradycardia TypesDepending on the reason why a person has a low pulse, the following types of bradycardia can be distinguished: 1) Absolute bradycardia. With such bradycardia, the heart rate does not depend on the load or on the state of the body, and the low pulse is constant.2) Relative bradycardia. Such bradycardia is characterized by the fact that the heart rate with it may be dependent on physical activity (the so-called athletes bradycardia). In other cases, this condition occurs due to severe pathology: typhoid, meningitis, fever and
Symptoms of bradycardiaAbsolute bradycardia, as a rule, has no symptoms, patients with such bradycardia live for many years, even without suspecting that their pulse is low. With other types of bradycardia, symptoms such as weakness, fatigue appear. In the case of increasing bradycardia, the patient is dizzy, there may be a loss of consciousness. Also, a low pulse can be combined with low blood pressure (as mentioned above) and even a so-called arrhythmic shock or collapse can develop. In some cases, the outcome and consequence of this syndrome may be the death of the patient.
How to raise a low pulse? Low pulse, what to do? In order to restore normal heart rate, you should take some drugs for a moderate increase in pressure, which are prescribed by a doctor. In this case, in any case, you can not self-medicate and self-prescribe yourself any drugs. The main drugs for the treatment of low pulse are sympathomimetics (Izadrin) and anticholinergics. You need to know that the danger of these drugs is that they can lead to other heart rhythm disturbances. A frequent side effect of taking them is the onset of fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia. Another method for treating low heart rate is pacing. Well, if bradycardia is very difficult and threatens the patient’s health, then surgery is necessary to implant an artificial pacemaker . Toning drinks, such as strong tea, coffee or energy cocktail, also help quite effectively – all of these drinks contain caffeine. As a rule, they slightly increase blood pressure, and thus pulse, and tone the muscles of the heart. In addition, to increase the pulse, you can take ginseng, guarana. Also, if you have a low pulse, a mustard plaster helps, which is superimposed on the chest.
And, finally, it is necessary to pay attention once again to the fact that bradycardia (low pulse) is not the cause of the disease – it is a symptom indicating the presence of any serious pathology: for example, a heart attack. Treatment is prescribed when the doctor is confident of the cause of bradycardia. And if the patient begins to take medication to raise the pulse on his own, then he can hide the real cause of a low pulse, which can be fatal as a result.