Tinnitus is a problem that occurs with many different diseases. This can be a symptom of both high blood pressure and cervical osteochondrosis.
1. Increased blood pressure
This is one of the most common causes of tinnitus. In hypertensive noise, a characteristic pulsation is observed, consistent with heart rate. The sound at the same time increases, then subsides.
Especially obsessive tinnitus with high blood pressure is when a person goes to bed. Sometimes it even interferes with sleep. In some cases, pain in the region of the heart, headaches, “flies” in front of the eyes and dizziness join the hypertonic noise. In such cases, you need to call a doctor.
2. Cervical osteochondrosis
Pathological changes in the cervical spine significantly impair the tone of the vessels that pass in the inner ear. They are squeezed, the blood flow is disturbed, which leads to the appearance of tinnitus.
Tinnitus in old age can be evidence of atherosclerosis. Because of the cholesterol plaques in the blood vessels, they stop pulsing in time with the bloodstream. In this case, the movement of blood in atherosclerosis can be turbulent (with turbulence), which leads to the appearance of extraneous noise in the ears.
4. Multiple sclerosis
The cause of tinnitus can be such a dangerous disease of the nervous system as multiple sclerosis. In this case, the noise can be both intense and not so. Often with multiple sclerosis, tinnitus is accompanied by dizziness. Other signs of multiple sclerosis are various neurological symptoms, among which are a lack of motor coordination, urinary incontinence, and goosebumps.
5. Heart disease
In some diseases of the heart, when it begins to cope poorly with its functions, ringing in the ears may occur. Blood is pumped worse by the heart and its circulation slows down. Thus, there is a general circulatory insufficiency in the body, and the brain responds first with noise and ringing in the ears.
In diseases of the heart tinnitus can be constant or episodic, sometimes pulsating. During physical exertion, it can increase.
6. Acoustic injury
Often after exposure to the ears of a loud sound for a while, a person feels noise and tinnitus. These are the effects of acoustic ear injury. As a rule, the sounds in the ears disappear on their own after some time.
7. Inflammation of the outer ear
If the noise in the ears proceeds against the background of reddening of the external auditory canal and purulent discharge, this can be external otitis. At the same time noise is noted only from the affected ear.
If tinnitus is accompanied by a gradual decrease in hearing, this may indicate the presence of otosclerosis, a chronic progressive disease in which the work of the bones of the middle ear is disturbed. As a rule, the disease begins with one ear, but can spread to the second.
The most dangerous cause of tinnitus is a neuroma. This is a benign tumor of the auditory nerve. Over a long period of neuroma develops asymptomatic. Pain and noise in the ears occur only when the tumor begins to squeeze the nerve endings. If the neuroma is not treated, then you can completely deaf.
10. Meniere’s Disease
The occurrence of dizziness, nausea, and vomiting with tinnitus may indicate Meniere’s disease (a disease of the inner ear). The cause of this disease is unclear. This pathology can occur in both adults and children. Medications that improve cerebral circulation (cinnarizine and others) are usually prescribed as therapeutic therapy.