Today, people are increasingly interested in learning about diseases of the spleen, its symptoms and treatment options.
The article presents the most important information about the spleen and diseases associated with it, describes the features of treatment of men and women, as well as the causes that led to the disease.
The nature and causes of pathologies of the body
In spite of the fact that it is possible to live without this body, the basic signs are the symptoms of the disease of the spleen, and every responsible adult should know how to diagnose and treat it.
The spleen is located on the left under the ribs. It is an important and very large organ, reaching a length of 14 cm, and 8 cm in width.
On top of this organ covers a dense shell, under which is white and red pulp – the place of formation of lymphocytes and red blood cells, respectively.
Thus, the most important functions of an organ are hematopoietic, protective, as well as immunomodulating.
It is this body that protects a person from harmful external agents, regulates the work of the body’s own defenses, maintains the balance of all blood components.
If you enter the search query “spleen symptoms of the disease,” there will be a lot of information that the symptoms of pathologies of the body rather blurred.
So, in view of the fact that the organ is covered with a very dense shell, painful sensations directly in it, even in the case of an organ pathology, people do not feel often (pain spreads all over the right upper abdomen).
Another characteristic sign of spleen diseases – an increase in body size – not all of them can reveal it on their own.
Therefore, to guess that with an important hematopoietic organ is not all right, it is often necessary, relying on indirect manifestations of pathology.
- reduced immunity;
- fast fatiguability;
- frequent colds;
- weakness in the legs;
- memory impairment.
The causes of pathology can be very different.
The most common causes of diseases of the spleen include:
- helminths – it is proved that parasites, negatively affecting the human body as a whole, most adversely affect the spleen, even able to violate the integrity of its dense shell;
- neoplasms of different nature and localization;
- open and closed injuries of the body (including injuries, operating injuries, bruises and others);
- venous diseases (venous insufficiency, varicose veins, thrombosis);
- diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- cysts that are in close proximity to the spleen;
Also, the mediated causes of diseases of an important hematopoietic and immunomodulatory organ are strong psycho-emotional upheavals, excessive mental and physical exertion, and an unhealthy lifestyle.
The most common diseases and their symptoms
The classification of diseases of the spleen is as follows:
- congenital diseases of the spleen (this, for example, “wandering spleen” – a pathology that occurs in women much more often than in men);
- splenic infarction;
- inversion of the spleen;
- neoplasms (especially lymphosarcoma);
- enlarged spleen.
Further, we will take a closer look at the most common diseases of an important hematopoietic organ in women and men, the causes and signs of diseases, the features of their treatment.
An enlarged organ is one of the most common pathologies of the spleen. It may occur as a result of severely transferred infectious diseases, toxic poisoning, blood thickening.
Signs indicating organ enlargement:
- low immunity;
- low hemoglobin;
- frequent colds;
- appearance of small ulcers in the mouth and on the feet;
- the appearance of hematomas, even with minimal impact on the patient’s body;
- outstretched chest pain.
Spleen infarction is a deadly disease, but it is extremely difficult to identify it – its symptoms are erased.
This disease usually develops in people with many other pathologies of the digestive tract.
In the case of a spleen infarction, the patient feels very intense, spreading to the shoulder, cutting pain in the hypochondrium on the left, he is sick and tearing, because of severe pain it can be difficult to breathe.
In case of infarction of the blood-forming organ, a person needs emergency treatment.
An organ abscess is also deadly. Typical signs of pathology – intense pain in the hypochondrium, high fever, vomiting, dizziness.
With an abscess of the spleen, emergency treatment is necessary – the delay can cost the life of the patient.
Inflammation in the spleen usually occurs along with inflammatory processes in other organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
- acute pain spread throughout the abdomen;
- temperature rise;
- organ enlargement;
Cysts are often formed in women after 40 years. Pathology is accompanied by a violation of the chair, discomfort in the left side of the abdomen, nausea after eating, an increase in the body.
Thus, the most important and most characteristic feature of the pathologies of the spleen is pain in the left hypochondrium. Also often changes the size of the body.
Diagnosis and treatment
What are the most effective methods for diagnosing and treating diseases of the spleen today? Do you need a special diet for patients, how long will it have to be followed?
Immediately, we note that only a qualified specialist is able to accurately determine one or another pathology of the spleen.
To make a diagnosis, doctors use methods such as examining and interviewing a patient, palpation (probing the left side of the abdomen), analyzing a patient’s laboratory tests of blood, as well as data from hardware studies: X-rays and computed tomography.
In some cases, in case of suspected presence of malignant neoplasms in the spleen, it is also possible to take a puncture.
After an accurate diagnosis, the doctor should be prescribed the treatment of the patient.
Independently treating a disease, even under the condition of its initial stage, is strictly forbidden, since improper treatment of an illness can lead to serious complications and pathologies of other organs of the gastrointestinal tract. There is no single treatment for spleen in medicine.
Treatment is prescribed based on the specific pathology of the organ and the individual characteristics of the human body.
Thus, in case of a heart attack of the blood-forming organ, drug treatment is carried out and a special diet is prescribed.
First of all, strong painkillers are prescribed to a person, bed rest is prescribed, and only then specific therapy is given.
In the case of an abscess, drug therapy alone is not enough. The patient is urgently taken for surgery. In this case, the splenectomy method is most often used.
If the disease is started, the abscess is drained by puncture. After surgery, restorative therapy is carried out, a special diet is prescribed.
Splenectomy is also used if a patient has been diagnosed with cysts, benign tumors.
If a person is diagnosed with cancer, then spleen excision is not enough: surgery is possible in other organs, after surgery chemotherapy and radiation therapy is prescribed.
Thus, in the case of serious pathologies of the spleen, it is necessary to treat it in a comprehensive manner, using medical and / or surgical treatment.
Also, patients are always assigned a special diet. Its strict adherence is the key to a quick recovery of the body and recovery.
What should be a diet for problems with an important hematopoietic and immunomodulatory organ?
The therapeutic diet is prescribed by the attending physician of the patient, taking into account his individual characteristics.
To summarize, the diet involves the complete exclusion from the patient’s menu of fried and fatty foods, spices, smoked meats, sweets – that is, all foods that irritate the digestive tract.
Also for diseases of the spleen, it is strictly forbidden to drink alcohol and smoke.
To eat sick, doctors recommend foods rich in vitamins (especially iron) that normalize blood formation processes.
Diet involves eating such foods as:
- lean meat (preferably beef) and fish;
- beef liver and cod liver;
- White cabbage;
- cottage cheese;
- fresh vegetables and fruits.
Of the sweets, the diet allows for the consumption of dark chocolate in small quantities, marmalade. Drink preferably weak teas, compote of dried fruit.
A similar diet is also required for patients after removal of the spleen.