Diagram of the female reproductive system

Man lives according to certain laws of nature. Being a biological species, it also has the ability to extend its genus.

Sometimes we meet couples who would like to have babies, but for several years it’s impossible to get pregnant. Blame the violation of the functioning of the very reproductive system of man. There are several reasons why problems arise in women and men with procreation. Let’s try to understand them.

What is reproduction?

The human reproductive system is a set of organs and processes in the body, aimed at the reproduction of a biological species. This system, in contrast to other systems of the body, has been developing for quite a long time and differs by gender. It’s no secret that women have some genitals, men are different. It is this difference that complements each other in the process of conception and childbirth.

Female reproductive system

The reproductive system of women is represented by the following organs:

  • hypothalamus;
  • the ovaries;
  • adenohypophysis;
  • uterus;
  • the fallopian tubes;
  • vagina;
  • mammary gland.

All of them are aimed at supporting the process of formation and growth of another small life.

The hypothalamus causes the work of the whole cycle of the woman from the beginning of the formation of the egg until the end of its function.

Adenohypophysis is responsible for the production of hormones of the reproductive system.

Diagram of the female reproductive system

The ovaries perform two main functions: ensuring ovulation from beginning to end, as well as the cyclical release of the main female hormones.

The uterus is the main reproductive organ of a woman, since the child is formed in her, she is also responsible for the proper flow of menstruation and synthesizes receptors for the main female hormones.

The fallopian tubes are therefore named because they transport the fertilized egg to a safer and more convenient place for the embryo – the uterus.

The vagina is like the path of the sperm to the egg, and it is also a continuation of the birth canal at birth.

Mammary glands are needed in order to nourish and raise a child by this very same.

Male reproductive system

In contrast to the female complex reproduction system, men have a system for reproducing their own kind a little easier. This is due to the fact that their task is only fertilization, but not the carrying and birth of children.

The reproductive system of men is represented by the following organs:

  • penis;
  • scrotum containing testicles;
  • prostate;
  • seminal vesicles.

In addition, hormones control the sexual behavior of men. They are produced by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. The man is also not easy in the device of the reproductive system. It turns out that when a man ejaculates, about 300-400 million sperm are secreted. This indicates a complex hormonal work occurring in the body of the stronger sex. Naturally, not all sperm reach the egg, but those "the lucky ones"Those who succeeded in determining the sex of the unborn child.

Impact of negative factors on the reproductive system of women and men

The impact on the reproductive system has an ecology. If the region has bad air, infertility in pairs or miscarriages will often occur. Especially in the summer, cities with industrial enterprises are covered with a gray haze – smog, which can consist of almost the entire table of chemical elements of Mendeleev. Accordingly, a person breathes this air, substances (formaldehyde, nitrogen, sulfur, mercury, metals) are absorbed into the blood. As a result, for conceiving a child there may be an elementary lack of oxygen and other substances, as well as the fault of a bad environment, changes may occur in the internal genitals of a woman and a man.

It should be noted the great influence of alcohol on the reproductive system. Already many times we have heard about the dangers of alcoholic beverages, but people often think that they will not be affected by the consequences of a wrong lifestyle. Alcohol can lead to deformities of the child. Children whose moms consumed alcohol during pregnancy will likely have weak immunity, internal organ pathologies, mental retardation, and so on. Immediately the consequences of a wrong lifestyle may not manifest. The female reproductive system is more susceptible to the negative effects of alcohol. Since a man has spermatozoa with each sexual intercourse, alcohol does not linger for a long time in the genetic material, which is then passed to the child. The egg cycle is at least 30 days. All these days, toxins from alcoholic beverages in it remain, exerting its effect on the body of a woman and a child.

A sedentary lifestyle can also spoil the reproductive system. It has little effect on a woman (although being overweight is often the cause of non-occurrence of pregnancy). But a man can very seriously suffer from constant sedentary work or unwillingness to exercise. We are talking about prostatitis, which we consider below, and reducing the speed of movement of sperm. The motility of these cells is very important; they, as conquerors, advance to the egg cell. If their movement is weak, not intensive, then pregnancy will not come.

Pathology of the reproductive system

The human reproductive system, as we have already learned, is subject to various negative environmental influences and not only. As a result of these influences, pathologies arise in the work of the organs of this system. We will talk about them.

Cervical erosion

This pathology occurs when an infection that is sexually transmitted occurs. It may be asymptomatic, but may be accompanied by sharp pain and specific discharge after sexual intercourse. The disease is dangerous inflammation inside the pelvis, fallopian tubes, ovaries. This inflammation does not pass without a trace. If you do not treat the disease in time, there may be persistent pain, ectopic pregnancy or infertility.

Genital herpes is characterized by sharp pain, itching, tingling. Then on the genitals appears a stain – the basis for rashes. These are a few bubbles that first contain a clear liquid, and then purulent crusts or permanently wet erosion may occur. In severe cases, a person may have chills, muscle aches and weakness.

Uterine fibroids in women

This disease also occurs due to infection or malfunction of the endocrine system. Also common causes of uterine fibroids are frequent abortions, curettage, poor ecology in the region, heredity. But you can not all throw off on external causes that do not depend on us. We must monitor our body to prevent such pathologies.

Diagram of the female reproductive system

Fibroids can manifest through abdominal pain, changes in the cycle of menstruation. In this disease, whole blood clots can be released, it can be very much.

Candidiasis or thrush

  • pain during urination;
  • itching of the vagina;
  • pain during intercourse;
  • discharge, in appearance resembling cottage cheese;
  • constant discomfort in the genital area.

Candidiasis is difficult to cure, so for all these symptoms, you need to consult a doctor. The main causes of thrush are: sexually transmitted infections, long-term antibiotics, pregnancy, weak immunity, diabetes. Men also often have thrush.

The development of polycystic ovaries in women

This disease originates from endocrine disruption. Polycystic ovaries can lead to infertility, so it needs to be treated immediately. The disease manifests itself through amenorrhea, frequent and thick hair growth, obesity. It is important to consult a doctor in time for advice, because you will not prescribe an adequate treatment for yourself.

Prostatitis as a way to male infertility

This disease occurs when the prostate gland becomes inflamed and pains develop in the prostate. Sometimes the disease goes unnoticed, what causes more harm to the work of the male reproductive system. This is due to dysfunction of the genitals and spermatogenesis. These pathological processes lead to a decrease in potency. Prostatitis may be complicated by vesiculitis, that is, an inflammatory process in the seminal vesicles. This insidious disease affects up to 80% of men, especially in adulthood, when all processes in the body slow down.

The male reproductive system may suffer from bacterial and non-bacterial prostatitis. Quite often it becomes chronic. This condition is very difficult to treat, since the bacterium acquires resistance to drugs. Manifestation of prostatitis with frequent and painful urination, pain may accompany sexual intercourse. This disease can cause kidney disease. It is important to implement preventive measures.

Prostate adenoma in men

Adenoma is a benign tumor in the bladder neck. The disease is typical for older men – 50-60 years. It has several stages, the earlier it is recognized, the more you can warn yourself against complications.

This disease can not immediately make itself felt. The first symptom can be considered minor urination disorders. This may manifest itself in a decrease in the tension of the jet, a person may often want to go to the toilet at night, there are feelings that the bladder is not completely empty. In addition, there may be blood in the urine and discomfort in the lower abdomen. There may be loss of appetite, as well as a man prone to constant fatigue.

All diseases of the reproductive system can be prevented by monitoring your health.

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