Summary of urokaliteratury in the 10th grade with a presentation and handout
Captions for slides:
? AND OR SHUTO BOLDS
Andrei Ivanovich Stolz “He was all made up of bones, muscles and nerves, like a bloody English horse. He is thin; he has almost no cheeks at all, that is, he has bone and muscle, but no sign of a fatty circle; complexion smooth, dark and no blush; although eyes a bit greenish, but expressive. ”
Life in the estate had a great influence on Ilya Ilyich. It was she who defined the poetic principle in his character, his ideas about family life. The hero aspires to the spiritual life that develops around family and love. A person whose soul is “pure and clear as glass”, “noble and gentle”, Oblomov does not accept the world of a limited and soulless society and in its own way (passively) resists it.
Education and upbringing. Upbringing, as well as education, was ambivalent: wishing that the “good bursh” would grow out of his son, his father strongly encouraged boyish fights. But if Andrei appeared without a lesson prepared “by heart”, Ivan Bogdanovich sent his son to where he came from — and each time the young Stoltz returned with lessons learned. Stolz’s mother, on the contrary, sought to raise a true nobleman, a decent, clean boy with curled curls – “in her son she imagined the ideal of a gentleman, although upstart, from a black body, from the father of a burgher, but still a son of a Russian noblewoman.” From this bizarre combination and formed the character of Stolz.
Normal state He was wearing a gown of Persian matter, a real oriental gown, without the slightest hint of Europe, without brushes, without velvet, without a waist, very substantial, so Oblomov could wrap himself in it twice … Laying at Ilya Ilyich was not a necessity , like a patient or like a person who wants to sleep, not an accident, like someone who is tired, no pleasure, like a lazy person: this was his normal state … “
Ilya Ilyich Oblomov Psychological portrait of the hero “He was a man of thirty-two or three of a kind, of medium height, of a pleasant appearance, with dark-gray eyes, but the absence of any definite idea, of all concentration in facial features. The thought walked on a face like a free bird, fluttered in her eyes, sat on her half-open lips, hid in the folds of her forehead, then disappeared completely, and then an even light of carelessness glowed all over her face … “
Element Stolz – constant movement. At thirty-something, he feels good and free only when he feels needed in all parts of the world at once. The most important thing in the character of Stolz is “as he has nothing superfluous in the body, and in the moral beginnings of his life he sought a balance of practical aspects with the subtle needs of the spirit.”
SOFA “But the color of life blossomed and did not give fruit” RESIGNATION Passion for books, 1-1.5 years, cooling HOBBY IN LIGHT “I was happy about trifles and suffered from trifles” Service was divided into 2 halves: boredom and work – synonyms, peace and peaceful fun “(Oblomov’s philosophy) PREPARATION FOR THE SERVICE” High dreams of a role in society “V O C X A D E N I C H I V A N U
? OR OR BUTTERFLAMENTS MOVEMENT ACTIVITY LABOR RATIONALISM PRACTICISM DESIRE TO SUCCESS AND BUDGET CAPITAL LIEENING LAZY AND APATHY LACK OF WORK DOCTRESS NON-PRACTICAL WISHING SILENCE AND OPERATION
Oblomov and Stolz Despite the difference of characters, friends relentlessly attracted to each other. Next to Stolz – reasonable, pragmatic, firmly standing on the ground, Oblomov felt calmer and more confident. But Stolz himself even more needed Ilya Ilyich.
INTERPRETATIONS OF THE AUTHOR’S POSITION 1. The author is an adherent of “Stoltsev’s” attitude to life, sympathetic to Oblomov, but not sharing the outlook of Ilya Ilyich 2. He (the author) recognizes and demonstrates the superiority of Oblomian contemplation over the limited rationalist and pragmatist Stolz 3. Two “truths” coexist in the novel – “Stoltsevskaya” and “Oblomovskaya” – both are limited, not absolute, ideally their synthesis is desirable.
Creative task. Write a letter to Oblomov or Stolz, express your attitude to the hero’s way of life, talk to him, try to convince your opinion. Use in writing artistic techniques and means of persuasive speech.
THE PROBLEMATICS OF THE ROMAN OF THE TWO STORAGES OF THE RUSSIAN LIFE PATRIARCHAL BURGEOUS Serfdom, inertia and monotony of the landlord life Active attitude to life, but frank selfishness and division
In the context of the novel, Oblomovism is interpreted differently. In the social aspect, on the one hand, it is a manifestation of the vices of serfdom, landlord life. On the other hand, this is a national phenomenon that can be viewed from the standpoint of the Russian national character. However, Oblomovism is also a psychological phenomenon characteristic of people of a certain psychological type. Combining these aspects, Oblomovism illustrates the “escape from reality”, life in the illusory world, the conscious rejection of vital activity. Oblomovschina in the novel
poetry, contemplation, dreaminess, search for the meaning of life, laziness, parasitism, immobility What features are characteristic of “Oblomovism”? Oblomovism
Oblomovka Leaving RUSSIA feudal world of natural economy patriarchal and nepotism opposition to progress isolation from real life CONCOVER longing for the outgoing life?
Homework. To give a written answer to the question: “Will Andrei Oblomov, Oblomov’s son, brought up by Stolz help Russia?” Read the article of the textbook “Dobrolyubov and Druzhinin about Goncharov’s novel”
Literature lesson in grade 10 on the novel
“Stolz and Oblomov. Antipodes or doubles? “
to formulate the problem and research questions of the lesson;
develop the ability to analyze a work of art, to make a comparative analysis;
to raise students’ interest in Russian literature, to develop their creative abilities.
Equipment: projector, computer (presentation), the text of the novel
Forms of work: frontal work, work in groups, couples, individual work
The following learning technologies are applied: problem-based learning, group technologies, workshop technology, computer (new information) learning technologies.
2. Definition of the topic and objectives of the lesson
3. Text analysis
4. Creative laboratory
8. Results of the lesson, reflection
CONCEPT OF THE LITERARY COUPLE: antipode heroes and literary counterparts
Find the excess! Onegin – Lensky, Tatiana – Olga, Pechorin – Grushnitsky, Grinev – Shvabrin, Katerina – Barbara, Dobchinsky – Bobchinsky
Dobchinsky – Bobchinsky – are twins (twins)
Conclusion. The rest of the characters are different, unlike.
What do you think our lesson today will be devoted to?
Literary couple Oblomov and Stolz
What problem should we solve today?
Who are Oblomov and Stolz? Antipodes? Twins?
Study. Work in groups.
Goncharov, he deliberately, specifically uses already recognized in the literature method of characterizing the hero – a comparative characteristic. Remember what is a direct (attitude of the author, the opinion of other heroes, the hero’s own opinion) and an indirect characteristic (portrait, interior, speech, actions and thoughts of the hero)
To answer the question “Is Stolz the opposite of Oblomov’s counterpart?” ”Students are invited to determine the comparison of these heroes.
As a result of the discussion, the following criteria were formulated:
- Origin, upbringing, pledged life program (upbringing of Andrei Stolz ((
(Oblomov and Stolz dispute – Part 2, Chapter 9).
- Attitudes toward women, family life
- Attitude of the author and other characters to the characters
- The correlation of the assessment given by the groups with the views of critics
Written (table). Oblomov and Stolz: Comparative Characterization of Images
In accordance with these criteria for comparing heroes, students are given a task for research:
Find material to compare with this criterion (write quotes);
Determine which features of the characters are reflected here?
Give an answer to the question “Is the Stolz an antipode or double of Oblomov?”;
Design a worksheet Writes headings, quotes, key points and group conclusions on a sheet.
Conducted research work in groups (6 groups).
After the study, students submit a report of the groups in the form of their worksheets.
4 people in the group: speaker, secretary, analyst, textologist
1. Students listen, record information briefly in a table.
2. The expert group assesses by making notes on its worksheet.
3. Students ask questions to groups. Supplement (if necessary).
Iv. Evaluation of the expert group. Verification of group findings
The expert group talks about the results of their work on the text of critical articles and presents a reasoned assessment of the group reports: notes the completeness, the correlation of conclusions with the conclusions of critics, complements the answers.
4. Linking the findings of groups.
Based on the discussion of the group, they conclude that Stoltz – … Oblomov 5. The formulation of a generalization.
We take 6-7 minutes to work
Assignment to a group of literary critics: Study the articles
The most important means of revealing the author’s position is the system of characters: by comparing one hero with another, their strengths and weaknesses are revealed, the author’s thought is corrected, and nuances are revealed in its development
What are the positive and negative traits Oblomov and Stolz. What is the strength and weakness of their characters? Writing on sheets
Life, time, historical conditions cause the hero-actor, the creator of his destiny to the scene. So Goncharov’s novel, completed in 1858, prepares the appearance of heroes
Why are so different people like Oblomov and Stolz, friends all my life? (Oblomov and Stolz in a broad sense are like two extremes of a national Russian character, in which monstrous laziness, dreamy contemplation, efficiency, talent, and love of neighbor are combined).
Why is Andrei Ivanovich Stolz jealous of Oblomov, why is his look warmer when he looks towards Oblomovka?
Write a letter to Oblomov or Stolz
Those who wish to read letters (2-3 people)
Images of Oblomov and Stolz are related to the problems of the novel
Oblomovka – a symbol of leaving Russia
For the author, they are connected with her, on the one hand, longing for the leaving Russia, and on the other, her sentence
The future of Russia, of course, in children. Will Oblomov’s son, brought up by Stolz, help the country?
Rate critically the life perception of Oblomov / Stolz. Whose position do you consider acceptable for yourself? Argue. What value setting (which of the characters) do you take in your life baggage?
At the final stage of the lesson to hold a reflection, suggest to fill in the map within 2-3 minutes:
(how it worked, errors)
(as far as I helped the group, as much as classmates, the teacher helped me)
(did I understand the material that I learned that I remembered, I can apply)
Score in points
N. A. Dobrolyubov examines the character of Oblomov from the standpoint of revolutionary democrats. He sees him last in the row. "extra people" and exposes "bummer ovshchina" as a public vice.
How Dobrolyubov talks about the causes of Stolz?
What are the main features of the Oblom character? In perfect inertness, resulting from his apathy to everything that is done in the world. The reason for apathy lies partly in his external position, and partly in the image of his mental and moral development. According to his external position, he is a master; “He has Zakhar and three hundred Zakharov,” according to the author.
.It is clear that Oblomov is not a dull, static nature, without aspirations and feelings, but a person who is also looking for something in his life, is thinking about something. But the vile habit of satisfying one’s desires not from one’s own efforts, but from others — developed apathetic immobility in him and plunged him into a pitiful state of moral slavery. Slavery is so intertwined with Oblomov’s lordship, so they mutually penetrate each other and are determined by one another, which, it seems, there is not the slightest opportunity to draw some kind of border between them. Oblomov’s moral slavery is perhaps the most curious side of his personality and his entire history.
… From Goncharov’s novel we only see that Stoltz is an active person, he is all about something, runs, acquires, says that to live is to work, etc. But what he does and how he manages to do something decent where others cannot do anything – it remains a mystery for us Stoltz has not grown to the ideal of a Russian public figure. And we do not understand how Stoltz could calm down in his activities from all the aspirations and needs that even overwhelmed Oblomov, how could he be satisfied with his position, calm down on his lonely, separate, exceptional happiness … Old Oblomovka is located close by, so that we still need to clear the forest in order to get out on a large road and get away from Oblomovism. Whether Stolz did something for this, what he did and how he did, we do not know. And without this, we cannot be satisfied with his personality … We can only say that he is not the person who is able to, in a language understandable for the Russian soul, tell us this all-powerful word: “Forward!”
How does B. Bursov explain Oblomov’s inaction?
Oblomov is fading away because he, as a landowner, can do nothing, and because as a person he does not want to do anything to the detriment of his human dignity. a deal with his conscience. In describing Goncharov, Oblomov appears as a man, although hopelessly behind the demands of the time, still not compromising. However, if you look at Oblomov from the point of view of the questions posed by history to the advanced person, then it turns out that Oblomov’s uncompromisingness is imaginary
B. Bursov. “The national originality of Russian literature.” 1964
How Oblomov sees a human critic
“Not for the comic side, not for the pitiful life, not for the manifestations of common weaknesses to all of us, we love Ilya Ilyich Oblomov. He is dear to us as a man of his land and of his time, as a spiteful and gentle child, capable, under different circumstances of life and other development, to deeds of true love and mercy. He is dear to us as an independent and pure nature, completely independent of that scholastic-moral exhaustion, which blurs the vast majority of people who despise him. He is dear to us in truth, which is imbued with all of his creation, according to a thousand roots, with which the poet-artist connected him with our native soil. And finally, he is kind to us, as an eccentric who, in our era of self-love and unrighteousness, peacefully ended his age, not having offended a single person, not having deceived a single person and not taught a single person anything nasty.
(…) Sleepy Oblomov, a native of sleepy and yet poetic Oblomovka, is free from moral diseases, which not one of the practical people who throw stones at him suffers. He has nothing to do with the innumerable mass of sinners of our time, arrogantly tackling things to which they have no vocation.
A.V. Druzhinin compares Goncharov with Flemish painters. He believes that Oblomov "amiable to all of us and worth infinite love"calls him a freak.
As a critic
What is the moral image of W in only the view of the critic?
Stolz is a machine that works methodically. He is crammed with virtues, in order to show off in everything before Oblomov, in all cases to be “on top”. But we do not see the whole character, his soul. He is active, moderately civilized, knows rational principles of economy and even appreciates Beethoven, he is polite, but he is never carried away. The whole thing for him is a means, not a goal. He also leaves Olga with an assignment to captivate Oblomov, to rescue them into secular living rooms, and Stolz did not care about the rest. Stolz works for the sake of labor itself, and he had no higher ideal and did not suspect that ideals are needed. He never thought about the goal of life. At a high level of his active life, Stolz turned out to be the same Oblomov, coaxing Olga the role of “the mother-creator and participant of the moral and social life of a whole happy generation.
The result of the lesson. In criticism, opinions are divided into two "camps" in deciding what is more important: "artistry" or "social significance" works.