Causes of vertigo

Dizziness is one of the common symptoms. Usually dizziness is a fairly serious symptom, accompanied by nausea, vomiting and severe weakness. There may be several reasons for vertigo, and the manifestations of unpleasant symptoms themselves are sometimes not true vertigo. To clarify the situation, let’s analyze this problem in detail.

What is dizziness?

Vertigo – so called true vertigo. This is a state where a person has a feeling that objects around him (or the whole world) rotate, or there is a feeling that he himself is spinning or moving, while standing still. To understand this, remember the feeling that you have, if you spin for a long time or ride on the carousel.

True vertigo is always a serious illness or damage to the nervous system or the vestibular system adjacent to it. The vestibular apparatus (it is located deep in the ear) is responsible for the position of the body in space, the control of posture, the stability of the person and the coordination of his movements.

However, coordinate the position of the body in the space of the eye and skin-muscle reflexes, and controls all sensations and actions – the brain. The receptors of responsible, coordinating, body-controlling systems are located in all parts of the body, from bones and muscles to internal organs. That is why, when a person is dizzy, he becomes sick.

Why dizzy?

There are plenty of reasons for dizziness in a person: the most obvious is ear inflammation or damage to the vestibular apparatus. Dizzy and because mental disorders with osteochondrosis, especially of the cervical, with a lack of blood circulation in the brain or very low blood pressure.

However, the exact cause can not always be identified immediately and independently, so you should definitely go to the doctor, it is advisable to visit a neurologist. It is he who can determine the cause and distinguish true vertigo from another form of the disease.

Most often, dizziness is taken for dizziness in the eyes, if the movement is abruptly performed: turn or stand. Doctors call this phenomenon orthostatic collapse (rapid outflow of blood from the head).

Causes of vertigo

Dizziness: how to determine the cause

Unlike true vertigo, which affects the vestibular apparatus, with false vertigo, which describes as “my eyes darken,” “I feel bad,” this usually happens becausefatigue, decrease hemoglobin in the blood or blood pressure disorders. Sometimes these are signs impaired muscle tone or even epilepsy.

Causes of vertigo

Causes of vertigo

Does not apply to dizziness:

  • the appearance before the eyes of the veil
  • feeling weak
  • confusion,
  • instability in the legs
  • bouts of nausea
  • feeling of near fainting (nausea with severe weakness),
  • imbalance with instability in gait.

What is not dizziness?

There are dizziness as a symptom of several pathologies:

  • above all, benign bouts of vertigo,
  • psychogenic vertigo,
  • dizziness with migraines,
  • Meniere’s disease
  • neuritis of the vestibular nerves,
  • brain tumor,
  • osteochondrosis in the area of ​​the neck with circulatory disorders.

The good news is that in the vast majority of cases, dizziness is not a symptom of a serious illness. Such attacks of vertigo arise spontaneously and just as spontaneously pass, they usually occur when sharp turns of the head or body in different directions.

The reason for this phenomenon is a sharp and unusual irritation of the nerves inside the vestibular apparatus with special substances. This usually happens after 50 years. The attack occurs when the head tilts back, turns in bed, sharp bends. At the same time can be sick. The attack lasts up to a couple of minutes and passes by itself. The basis of treatment is a set of special exercises, which trains the vestibular apparatus.


Such attacks occur in overly emotional and impressionable people with phobias, and in this case there are no true disorders in the vestibular apparatus. At the same time, people describe dizziness as confusion, fog in the head, fear of falling and injuries, and circling of objects and bodies.

Usually they arise in stressful situations, in enclosed spaces, places where people gather. At the same time, there are manifestations of hysteria – soreness or a lump in the throat, dull chest pains, a feeling of suffocation, bouts of sweating and trouble sleeping In this case, the patient should unbutton the collar of the shirt, if there is one, offer water and, if possible, bring it to fresh air.

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