According to the Law of God, the whole world created by God lives and moves. Therefore, without the blessing and help of God, nothing truly valuable, important, good, useful can be done. The Savior Himself in the Gospel said: "Without Me you can do nothing" (John 15: 5). And the prophet David says: "If the Lord does not build a house, those who build it in vain labor; if the Lord does not protect the city, the guard is awake" (Ps. 126, 1).
Our ancestors knew about it. "Without God – not at the door"- says Russian proverb. They often prayed to God, invoking a blessing for all their undertakings. Therefore, the dwellings of Christians since ancient times were consecrated with prayers and sacred rites.
The Orthodox Church consecrates new houses, following the example of the consecration of the temples of God. Even at the beginning of the construction of the house, a cross is laid in its foundation, in the house itself holy icons are installed as signs (signs) of the grace-filled stay of the Lord and the saints in a Christian dwelling. In the Christian’s home, the Church permits all kinds of worship to be performed, with the exception of Divine Liturgy and the priesthood ordinance. She does not forbid to bring in every Christian home, in certain cases, the most holy and all-consecrating Body and the life-giving Blood of Christ.
For the blessing and consecration of the Christian home and the hearth, since ancient times, there are special prayer ranks. At the beginning of the construction of the house, a small consecration of water is performed and prayers are read. "at the base of the house"contained in Trebnik. In the Book of Treasures, the rite of consecration of the new house is stated. This rite may be added at the consecration of the house of prayer. "about hr’amina, shorn from evil spirits" and prayer "above pseudo". The first prayer, as the name implies, is spellbinding, it is used in the consecration of those houses "who tolerate the machinations and misfortunes of evil spirits" (New Tablet). The second prayer is read for the consecration of the hearth, the most important part of the Christian dwelling connected with the preparation of the meal.
Before the consecration of a new house, a small blessing of water is performed, or the priest comes to the house, bringing with him holy water. In the house, a table covered with a clean tablecloth is delivered in advance, a vessel of holy water is placed on it, a small vessel with ordinary, unhallowed oil (vegetable oil), the Gospel, a cross and candles are lit in candlesticks.
On each of the four walls, the cross is pre-depicted – to mark the cover and solid fencing, deliverance and preservation by the cross power from all evil and misfortune, from the enemies visible and invisible.
After the exclamation "Blessed is our God. " and the usual initial prayers are recited by psalm 90 "Alive in helping V’yashnyo. "in which the Church encourages future tenants, saying that they will live in their new house under the shelter of the God of heaven and that under the shadow of the Almighty they will not be afraid of the horrors in the night or the arrows flying in the daytime. "Evil will not happen to you, and the plague will not come near your abode"- exclaims the prophet (Ps. 90, 10).
Then the troparion (short church chants) is sung, which says that the Savior, having once entered the house of Zacchaeus, bestowed salvation on him and on all his family. So now, together with the servants of Christ, the Angels of God enter the new house. The Church asks the Lord to give peace to this house and graciously bless him, saving and enlightening all who are going to live in it.
Turning to the east, the priest says: "Pray to the Lord", "Lord have mercy"- they answer him, and he reads a prayer close in content to the troparion sung before this. He prays to the Savior, who had deigned to enter the house of Zacchaeus and who bestowed salvation on his whole house, to bless the newly-built dwelling and to keep those who live in it from all evil, giving them all the blessings of the Lord.
In the next secret prayer (that is, a prayer that is not read out loud, but to himself), the priest asks the Lord to give salvation to the house, as he brought it to Zaccheus’s house, to bless this house, as once blessed by Lavan’s house Jacob, the house of Pentephra, by the arrival of Joseph in it, and Avedd’ara, the ark that was brought into his house. (These events are narrated in the Bible, in the book of Genesis, ch. 30, verses 25-30; ch. 39, verses 1-5, and in 2 nd Book of Kingdoms,
In this place of the rite, a prayer can be attached to it. "above pseudo". In it, the priest calls for help to protect the home from enemies visible and invisible – Angels, guardians of Christians, and all the saints of God, including the holy martyr Cyprian, who once served demons in the art of magical wiles and who, believing in Christ, began to rebel them and defeat them (New Tablet).
Then the priest crosses the fir tree three times in the name of the Most Holy Trinity and reads a prayer over oil, in which he asks God to send the Most Holy Spirit upon the fir and sanctify it so that it will be a place to consecrate at this place. "all sorts of resistance and satanic slander".
After reading the prayer, the priest sprinkles the whole house with holy water (he sprinkles every room on all four sides), praying: "By the sprinkling of the water of this holy priest into flight, let all the evil of demons act.". Then anointed the 4 main walls of the house (where the cross was inscribed) with holy oil, saying the words: "Blessed is this house by the pomination of the holy of this man, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, amen".
Candles are lit in front of each cross inscribed on the walls, thus honoring the honest and life-giving Cross of the Lord, "which is a shield, a weapon against the devil and the victory of him. print so as not to touch us "destroying angel" (Ex. 12, 23) and. the tree of eternal life (Exposition. Pravoslav. faith, 1844, p. 243).
In the verses, which the choir sings, there is a prayer to the Lord to bless this house, to fulfill its earthly blessings and to preserve its future inhabitants "from every evil of the world" and bestow upon them the abundance of heavenly and earthly blessings.
Then the priest reads the Gospel (Luke 19, 1-10), which tells of the Savior’s visit to the house of the tax collector Zakhkhei, who, although he was a sinful man, wanted so badly to see the Lord that he climbed a tree . In response to the grumbling of those who said that Jesus went into the house of a sinful man, Christ said about Zacchaeus and his house: "Now the salvation of this house has come, for he is also the son of Abraham; for the Son of man came to seek and save the lost". The Church offers this passage from the Gospel to the residents of the new Christian home, joyfully announcing that now salvation has come to their home and that the Lord always comes to the home of the one who longs to see Him.
Then, Psalm 100 is read, which contains instruction on how to behave in a new house. Reflecting on the path of the immaculate, King David says: "I will walk in the integrity of my heart in the middle of my house" (Ps. 100, 2).
After reading the psalm is pronounced litany. In addition to the usual petitions, there are petitions for blessing at home. All those present pray to the Lord of our life, that He send a guardian angel, a guard to a new house, preserving all, "in him piously live those who want"from all evil and who guides them to the work of virtues, to the fulfillment of the commandments of Christ. They also ask that the Lord preserve all of them from hunger, all deadly wounds, and grant them health and longevity.