Abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods is also called intermenstrual bleeding, spotting and
While some causes may be easy to treat, others may indicate a serious underlying condition. or more severe bleeding between periods, it is important to consult a doctor for testing, diagnosis and treatment. Potential causes of bleeding between periods include:
- the growth of your uterus or cervix
- change in medication
- vaginal dryness
- hormonal imbalance
Kaw sesCauses vaginal bleeding between periods
Bleeding between periods is not a normal part of the menstrual cycle.
The average cycle lasts from 21 to 35 days. Normal vaginal bleeding, also known as your period, can occur within a few days a week. Any bleeding outside of this is considered abnormal and can be caused by various factors. These include:
1. Hormonal imbalance
Estrogen and progesterone are two hormones that regulate your cycle. You may find that they are out of balance. The following factors may affect your hormone balance:
- dysfunctional ovary
- thyroid problems
- start or stop of birth control pills
In addition, some women are noted during ovulation due to hormonal changes.
When you start up any type of hormonal contraceptive, abnormal bleeding is common during the first three months, according to data from the United Kingdom National Medical Service. These contraceptives include:
- birth control pills
- intrauterine device
- contraceptive patch
- contraceptive implant or injection
2. Complications of pregnancy
Complications during pregnancy can cause spotting. Both miscarriages and ectopic pregnancies can cause bleeding. An ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg implants itself in the fallopian tube and not in the uterus.
Spotting during pregnancy may not mean that you have miscarried. However, if you are pregnant and have any vaginal bleeding, consult a doctor immediately.
3. Uterine fibroids
Uterine fibroids are non-tumor sprouts that form in the uterus. They are not uncommon in women who have given birth to a child.
Vaginal bleeding between periods may indicate an infection of your reproductive organs. Infection can cause inflammation and bleeding. Causes include:
- sexually transmitted infection
- vaginal douching
- pelvic inflammatory disease that is marked by inflammation of the reproductive organs, leading to scarring
Less commonly, cancer of any of these organs can cause bleeding:
6. Rare causes
Other possible causes of vaginal bleeding are rare and include:
- inserting an object into the vagina
- extreme stress
- thyroid disorders
- significant weight gain or loss > Seek medical attention. When seeking medical care.
You should consult your doctor at any time when you have abnormal vaginal bleeding. The cause of the bleeding can be serious and should be determined. Call your doctor right away if you are pregnant and have vaginal bleeding.
If you have other serious symptoms in addition to bleeding, you may need emergency medical attention. These include:
- Diagnosis and treatmentWhat to expect at the doctor’s appointment
When you see your doctor about bleeding between periods, be prepared to answer questions about your symptoms.
It is useful to record your cycle. Pay attention to when your periods begin and end, the severity and duration of your flow, and when and how much blood you bleed between periods. Your doctor will want to know about any other symptoms you have experienced, and about any medications you are taking.
Your doctor will also likely give you a physical exam, including a pelvic exam.
Diagnostic tests can help your doctor find the cause of the bleeding. Your doctor may take blood to check hormone levels. You may need to take cultures or remove tissue from the cervix or uterine lining for testing, which is called a biopsy. Your doctor may also want to perform an ultrasound.
There is no specific treatment for vaginal bleeding between periods. Treatment will depend on what causes abnormal vaginal bleeding.
Complications. The consequences of ignoring vaginal bleeding between periods
In some cases, such abnormal bleeding will be resolved on its own. However, for some women, the main reason requires treatment. Ignoring the problem and not having a doctor can worsen the problem. If the cause of the bleeding is an infection, cancer, or other serious disorder, the consequences can be life threatening.
Prevention Preventing vaginal bleeding between periods.
You may not be able to prevent bleeding between periods depending on the cause. However, in some cases, preventive measures may help.
Maintain a healthy lifestyle and normal weight, because being overweight can lead to abnormal periods.
If you are taking birth control pills, do so in order to avoid hormonal imbalance. Exercise moderately to maintain health and reduce stress.
To cope with pain, use ibuprofen (Advil) or naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), which can actually help reduce bleeding. Avoid taking aspirin (Bufferin), which may increase the risk of bleeding.