Acute pain in the head

A sharp pain in the head arises from a variety of reasons. Its characteristic features depend on them. The pain can be chronic, sudden, affecting different areas of the head.

Often, people suffering from cephalgia do not hasten to go to doctors, but resort to self-treatment.

Wanting to break out of the circle of suffering, without thinking about what will follow the crisis, they take drugs. If the headaches are constantly repeated, it is necessary to seek help from doctors. Sudden headache can be a manifestation of serious and dangerous disorders in the body.

Etiological factors of headache

A sudden headache has the appearance of short flashes lasting a few seconds. But there are cases when the pain persists for a long time. Cephalgia is characterized by periods of subsiding and renewed pain, at the moment of which the person feels good or bad.

Allocate the primary and secondary form of acute headaches. The occurrence of primary cutting cephalgia is associated with neurological diseases, psycho-emotional stress.

Secondary (symptomatic) acute pain in the head often occurs on the background of violations in the cerebral blood circulation system, intoxication and other diseases. Frequent sharp headaches can also be a signal of a pathological change of tissues – a tumor.

An important feature of the disease – a very strong pain not all of the head, but half of it. She is accompanied by other symptoms: weakness, fear of light and nausea. Among the causes of hemicrania are hereditary factors and various vegetative-vascular disorders. In migraine headaches are sharp and spasmodic, primarily due to changes in the tone of the brachiocephalic and intracranial vessels.

Dermographism is often observed during the onset of pain: one area of ​​the head may turn red or, on the contrary, become very pale. If the difference in color of the skin is not noticed, you can tightly tie the head with a warm cloth. You need to lie in a darkened room and avoid noise.

In most cases, seizures last for 2-7 days.

Cluster headaches

The pain manifests itself in a series (clusters) of episodes lasting from 15 minutes to an hour. During each transient flash, the pain is so severe that a person can lose his mind for a short time. This syndrome is characterized by a specific sequence of occurrence of pain.

First, there is a congestion of the ear, then there is a burning pain behind the eyeball, tearing and obstruction of the nasal passage. Mostly pain is localized in one part of the face.

Cluster headache is acute and characterized by a cyclical course. It can last from several days to weeks or months, stop suddenly and not bother for a long time.

Acute pain in the head

The causes of this disease are still unclear. But when studying the disease, doctors found that they mostly suffer from mature men of strong physique. It was also found that the disease is more common in alcohol abusers.

Hemorrhage in the subarachnoid cavity

Mostly happens when aneurysm ruptures. Distinctive symptoms of the disease are: instantly acute headache, as if struck by something heavy on the head, nausea and repeated repeated vomiting.

Mostly happens when aneurysm ruptures. Distinctive symptoms of the disease are: instantly acute headache, as if struck by something heavy on the head, nausea and repeated repeated vomiting.

In cases of rupture of a small aneurysm, a person may not even be aware of the presence of irregularities in the blood circulation system of the brain. The pains can be short, there can be a pulsating-type headache in the back of the head and it can occur only with nervous, mental overwork or physical exertion.

Occipital Neuralgia Syndrome

A characteristic feature of the course of the disease is unpleasant pain, often felt in the back of the head. At the same time, pain can spread to the temporal and ocular region. The reasons are incorrect posture when walking, a long stay at the computer, an unbalanced diet, in which there are no important minerals, spinal injury or protrusion of the vertebral discs of the cervical region.

Myositis of the neck muscles

A sharp headache for this disease is most often manifested in the form of point unpleasant tingling, extending to the neck, forearm and chest. The disease is accompanied by the presence of inflammation in the neck muscles and their compaction, as well as disturbances in the metabolic processes of the body.

The head hurts mainly when touching it. The complete absence of pain can be observed at rest, in a supine position.

The causes and pathogenesis of myositis are not completely understood. The catalyst can be emotional stress, which is accompanied by a strong muscle tension. Both young and old people can be affected.

Neoplasms in the cranial cavity

Frequent acute headaches may indicate the presence of a neoplasm. As the tumor grows, fainting seizures, dizziness, and occasional partial loss of vision join severe headaches.

According to morphological features, a malignant and benign tumor is isolated. The main method for diagnosing a tumor is testing for the presence of the CA 15-3 antigen and a number of other tumor markers that detect the disease at an early stage.

Headache as a separate syndrome

Fortunately, sharp headaches are not always the result of dangerous diseases. So:

  • heaviness in the head may appear due to tightly tied headscarves or wearing tight glasses;
  • when staying indoors for a long time, lack of oxygen provokes headaches;
  • sharp pressure fluctuations cause headache;
  • the head may ache if the body is intoxicated as a result of poisoning by alcohol, nicotine, household chemicals, poor-quality food. In this case, adsorbents that have the ability to absorb toxins help;
  • headaches often appear with increased nervous excitability. It is mainly necessary to rest, good rest and means that strengthen the body. Reception of soothing preparations of plant origin is possible;
  • some people have a particular sensitivity to temperature and weather changes.

Methods of diagnosis and treatment

The primary task of successfully treating abrupt headaches is to make a timely diagnosis and identify the root cause.

A visit to a neurologist is a necessary step in determining the diagnosis.

Initial consultation with a doctor consists of:

  • questioning a patient about symptoms, examining complaints;
  • evaluation and determination of reflexes.
  • specific tests aimed at studying possible deviations in the work of the nervous system.

Acute pain in the head

After the first examination, the neurologist prescribes a number of standard examinations: pressure measurement and ECG removal to detect non-cardiac pathologies, laboratory analysis of blood and urine, examination of the fundus by an ophthalmologist. The patient comes to the secondary examination with ready-made test results for further consultation.

Significant assistance in identifying the disease is provided by such modern research methods as:

  • positron emission tomography;
  • ultrasound diagnostics;
  • Magnetic resonance imaging.

Treatment primarily involves the elimination of the causal factors of the appearance of sharp headaches and includes the prescription of drugs, rational psychotherapy, climate therapy, hydrotherapy (radon baths, circular douche), physical therapy and breathing exercises, acupuncture.

Drug treatment is prescribed based on the stage of the disease and remission. Drug therapy includes taking anti-inflammatory, analgesic, sedatives. In neuralgia of the occipital nerve, the doctor may prescribe a blockade of the nerve innervation zone by injecting an anesthetic drug.

Prescribe painkillers and ointments should be exclusively a doctor. Many of them have a number of contraindications and side effects, so self-treatment can lead to even more severe consequences.

Treat your health carefully, do not self-medicate and, if necessary, immediately contact a doctor. On the question of why the head suddenly fell ill, only an experienced specialist can reliably answer you. Proper diagnosis and effective treatment can relieve you from painful headaches.

Like this post? Please share to your friends:
Leave a Reply