Not always low pressure in humans is a consequence of the disease. There are people of asthenic type. They live in this condition. And the so-called “norm” (120/80) knocks them to bed. But there is a pathological decline, which in medicine is called hypotension.
Tonometer shows numbers less than 100/60. Why does a person’s pressure drop? When is this phenomenon due to physiological causes, and when – by pathological processes? How to quickly help yourself? You will find answers to these and many other questions in this article.
Hypotension: risk factors
1) Long-term fasting, diet, nutrient poor nutrition.
To sit on a strict diet, you need to have an enviable health. And who in our time of fast foods, automobile gases and sedentary pastime can brag of it? The result is not long in coming. Dizziness, weakness, decreased performance, drowsiness … The body does not have enough nutrients to maintain normal functioning – a hypotonic reaction.
The same effect can be achieved constant snacks. Somehow and in some places. And also long fasting. Therefore, diets and medical hunger strike begin after consulting a doctor.
2) Hereditary predisposition.
Plus constitutional features. With such prerequisites to ask: from what the pressure drops – it does not make sense. It does not fall. It is always reduced. And the person feels fine.
Such people belong to the asthenic type. They are usually thin, with pale skin, sluggish, tired quickly. But this is their normal state. There is no pathology.
3) Excessive physical activity.
With a decrease in pressure after training and face athletes, and ordinary mortals. Overload causes the body to switch to an economical mode: the heart begins to beat more slowly.
4) Adaptation of the organism to new conditions.
Unusual conditions cause the body to work in a rhythm unusual for him. Naturally, he could not immediately restructure. Often the pressure decreases when traveling to the mountains in hot countries.
5) Visiting baths, saunas, wraps.
Thermal procedures promote the expansion of blood vessels. As a result, pressure is reduced. The phenomenon is temporary, and therefore a healthy body quickly deal with it.
1) Abrupt and severe blood loss.
In humans, urination is reduced, the heart beats more often, the skin becomes pale, acquires a bluish tint. Need urgent resuscitation.
2) Vegetative dystonia of hypotonic type.
There is also hypertension. The pressure drops when the adrenal glands produce more acetylcholine. It is a stress and weakness hormone. A person develops a feverish state. Depression and irritation. He feels weak, helpless and weak.
3) Heart failure.
Hypotension may be present in the clinical picture of the disease. A sick heart cannot pump blood at the same pace, and the vascular tone is weakened.
Other diseases characterized by hypotension:
a) hypofunction of the thyroid gland; b) severe form of sore throat, flu; c) infectious pathology; d) myocardial infarction; e) cardiac asthma; e) anaphylactic shock; g) pulmonary edema.
Pressure may drop due to drug overdose, after surgery, traumatic brain injury, as a result of shock or severe intoxication.
How to distinguish between physiological decline and pathological?
With pathologically reduced pressure, lower pressure (diastolic) is necessarily reduced. The reduction of the upper (systolic) is due to physiological factors. With extreme fatigue, both upper and lower are reduced.
How to recognize low pressure?
His clinic is very diverse. Suspected lowering of pressure is possible with the following symptoms:
- severe weakness and tiredness in the morning;
- lethargy and apathy;
- feeling of lack of air at rest;
- dizziness and headache;
- poor memory, excessive forgetfulness;
- shortness of breath after moderate exercise;
- by evening the legs swell;
- inability to wake up, sleep disturbance;
- mood swings;
- sexual disorders;
- malfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract;
- sensitivity to bright stimuli (light, noise, hot, cold);
- muscle pain.
Some patients are worried about a set of symptoms. And some obsessively pursues some one clinical sign. For example, a headache.
How to help yourself?
First of all, find out with the help of a doctor the reason for lowering blood pressure and start treatment (if there is a disease). General activities will also help:
1. Proper organization of work and rest. 2. A full night’s sleep (hypotonic patients need nine to ten hours). 3. Balanced and rich in vitamins, minerals nutrition. 4. Daily walks in the fresh air. 5. Hardening and water treatments (pool, douche and
To raise the pressure, you can
a) drink a cup of black coffee or strong tea; b) take thirty drops of Eleutherococcus (ginseng or Schizandra Chinese); c) drink a glass of grape juice with thirty drops of ginseng tincture; g) a half of ascorbic acid and two tablets of green tea extract.
If the condition is not critical, then rush to the drugs is not worth it. An interesting study of the lack of smiles in old photos, see here.