The menstrual cycle begins with the appearance of bloody discharge from the vagina. During this period, women need to more closely monitor hygiene and properly choose the means to care for the genital organs. In addition to the unpleasant and pulling sensations in the lower abdomen, fatigue and the need to abandon for a while the sex life of the weaker sex is often disturbed by the smell during critical days.
In a healthy woman, bloody discharge from the vagina during menstruation lasts from three days to a week and proceeds without any disturbing symptoms. At the same time, the natural smell of the discharge should not cause inconvenience or discomfort.
Causes of smell during menstruation
Monthly – is the detachment of the inner layer of the uterus (endometrium). The level of the hormone estrogen increases, which causes the exfoliating cells of the endometrium to be replaced by new ones and to close the bleeding spiral arteries in the uterus. The blood that is released from the arteries as it leaves the vagina is mixed with natural secretions. Such an environment is an excellent and nutritious breeding ground for pathogenic flora and bacteria.
Normal bleeding during menstruation smell of iron. This smell should not be alarming, because it is considered normal. Why does blood smell bad? There are several reasons for this:
- Not enough thorough hygiene.
- Bacterial vaginosis.
- Thrush, or candidiasis.
- other diseases.
Personal hygiene and odor during menstruation
Most often, an unpleasant odor from the vagina is the result of improper care of the intimate area. On critical days, due attention must be paid to personal hygiene. Experts recommend changing pads or tampons at least once every 2-4 hours. The frequency depends on the amount of discharge during menstruation. If a woman ignores these recommendations, then in her genitals occur processes that naturally affect the smell of menstruation. Fermented milk bacteria and conditionally pathogenic flora coexist in the vagina of a healthy representative of the weaker sex.
What happens if you do not change the sanitary pad for a long time? As a consequence of the greenhouse effect, which creates a means of hygiene, blood that has been absorbed into the gasket or tampon begins to decompose. The decomposition process is completely natural, because blood is a protein. In such a nutrient medium, pathogenic flora in the form of fungus, staphylococcus and other organisms begins to develop rapidly. Neglecting the rules of personal hygiene during critical days not only leads to a bad smell from the perineum, but can also cause the development of a disease like colpitis.
When do menstruations with odor indicate the presence of disease?
Discharges during menstruation may have a bad smell, not only because of poor hygiene. The cause may be an inflammatory process that preceded the arrival of critical days. With an infection, the smell from the vagina is somewhat different from how it smells of blood. One of the main diseases in which the monthly smell is bacterial vaginosis, or vaginal dysbacteriosis. For secretions that accompany this disease is characterized by a pronounced fishy smell, which is exacerbated during menstruation. This is the smell of female alkaline secretions in which Gardnerella is multiplied excessively – one of the representatives of the conditionally pathogenic vaginal flora.
Another yeast pathogen has become a yeast-like fungus, Candida. This bright representative of opportunistic flora is known to women not by hearsay. Because of this fungus, the fair sex often encounters such a problem as candidiasis, or thrush. The bleeding during menstruation, in which the Candida fungus has grown excessively, causes itching and burning and has a strong smell of a fermented milk kefir smell. After menstruation, women with candidiasis develop a white cheesy discharge.
How to cope with the smell that accompanies the monthly?
Although the smell during menstruation is considered natural and not very noticeable, there are several ways to help make it less harsh.
- More natural personal care products. It is recommended to use gaskets and tampons made of natural materials, wear cotton underwear and wash with intimate hygiene products based on herbal decoctions.
- The use of tampons and pads that do not contain flavors. Chemicals in the composition of personal care products not only do not help eliminate odor during menstruation, but also aggravate the proliferation of bacteria in the blood.
- Carry a pair of spare underwear. So a woman will have the opportunity to hedge against a case of heavy discharge, which will stain clothes and smell.
- Regular shower. Not only will allow to be refreshed, but also eliminates unnecessary smells of discharge. You do not need to wash the vagina from the inside. It has the ability to self-cleaning. If you wash the vagina inside – you can break the microflora.
Any changes in the consistency of the discharge or their smell during menstruation should cause anxiety in the woman and become a weighty reason for consulting a doctor. It is better to prevent the development of dangerous diseases than to get rid of them for a long time and hard.
You may be interested to use the old fortune telling on monthly. This is a proven way that our grandmothers used to predict for all occasions and for every day.
Based on the above, in the normal course of the menstrual cycle, women’s discharge may have a characteristic consistency, color and smell. . Non-compliance with hygiene during menstruation.
Discharge in these diseases has a putrid odor, especially abundant during and after menstruation, the color, as a rule, has a yellowish tint.