Norms of monthly delay in girls and women of different ages
Any woman knows her individual rate of menstruation. The absence of monthly delays indicates a normal healthy state of the reproductive system. Women and girls of different ages may have their permissible period of delay of menstrual flow.
According to doctors, the delay of bloody vaginal discharge can be considered normal for 1-7 days if, against this background, the female body does not experience side symptoms. If the representative of the weaker sex feels well and does not suffer from discomfort, then such delays are considered acceptable. But each age segment has its own limit of such expectations.
Note! In girls, menarche (first regula) is expected in the age group of 11-15 years. And during the first two years it will be difficult to expect regularity of these discharges. At a young age, a 5-day delay in discharge should not cause concern.
If after two years the periods have not stabilized, you should contact your gynecologist to determine the normal functioning of the uterus and ovaries. The “dry” period of a healthy woman and girl is 28-35 days. It is through this time that bleeding occurs monthly.
In older women, there is a decline in sexual function, which is a natural and inevitable process. With each new month there will be a delay in menstruation, which will gradually increase until it stops altogether.
The average rate of menopause in women is the age of 44-50 years. But there are exceptions to climacteric dysfunction of the ovaries in one or the other direction.
Causes of delayed menstruation
Delay of menstruation (main causes, besides pregnancy, why is the delay of menstruation):
- Gynecological causes;
- Not gynecological reasons.
The reasons for the long waiting periods are gynecological (with the exception of pregnancy) and non-gynecological nature.
Delayed menstruation may have gynecological and non-gynecological causes.
- diseases (polycystic ovary, uterine myoma, ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cyst);
- long-term use of contraceptive drugs;
Non gynecological reasons:
- climate change;
- bad ecology;
- diseases (ARVI, gastritis, thyroid and kidney diseases, diabetes mellitus);
- excessive exercise;
- excess weight.
Important to remember! Delay menstruation may be some drugs that are used in the treatment of the genitourinary system, stomach ulcers and depression.
Conducting an unhealthy lifestyle, drug use, large doses of alcohol and smoking – all this can change the monthly regular arrival of menstruation.
There are cases when with a negative test result there is a significant cycle delay. Such a failure, which lasts more than 7-15 days, may be due to hormonal preparations.
Possible and error test, if the delay of menstruation and the test is negative.
The reasons why the delay of menstruation, and the test is negative
As soon as there is a delay in regulation, women use rapid tests to determine pregnancy. All tests work on the same principle – determine the level of hCG in the female urine. If this indicator is normal – the result does not exceed 5 Mme / ml. Starting from the 7th day of pregnancy, this figure increases by 5 times.
Errors in testing can be primarily from non-compliance with instructions, and poor-quality product. There are many tests that give errors in renal disease and hormonal imbalance. Violation of package integrity and expired shelf life also does not promise a reliable test result.
A woman may receive a falsely negative test result with a slight delay period, when 3 days have not passed since the delay of menstruation. Another cause of false information may be late ovulation of the previous cycle. Insufficient concentration of the urine composition gives unreliable results.
Therefore, should be tested at the first daily urination. Pregnancy with pathology (frozen or ectopic) will not indicate an increase in the level of hCG in the blood.
A false positive happens less often than a false negative. This result may be in the case of termination of pregnancy at a very early period, which showed the actual level of hCG at the time of pregnancy. Tumors formed on the background of hormonal disruption, contribute to the production of hCG, which can lead a woman astray.
A positive response to testing may be in the case of a recent abortion (miscarriage, abortion). The use of certain drugs in the treatment of infertility can also cause false results.
Pale and fuzzy second strip of dough gives reason for retesting after 3-5 days, in the case of IVF, you will need to wait 10-15 days. The error of the test, of course, is possible, so doctors recommend to double-check the result two more times.
How many days can the delay of menstruation last without the occurrence of pregnancy?
Not causing concern delay regul is 5-7 days for women of young and middle reproductive age. In the case of older women, against the background of menopause, the maximum delay period can be about six months. The permissible delay in the arrival of menstruation after the first sexual intercourse is 2-4 days.
What and how affects the menstruation period in women
Many factors influence women’s health: the external habitat, age, physiological state and others. The following table lists the factors, conditions and moments and how they affect the regularity and nature of menstruation in women.
No menstruation: wait or act?
The absence of the onset of critical days for 1 week on the background of the symptoms of their appearance can be considered the norm. If the permissible delay period has expired, you should begin to act. The first plan should be pregnancy testing.
If the pregnancy is not confirmed, and the normal waiting period has passed, you should go to the antenatal clinic without delay. At the reception, you will need to talk about your health, the appearance of new symptoms, to be examined and tested.
Doctors pay attention! A significant delay in the regulation cannot be attributed to external factors and normal physiological processes. This signals the beginning of pathological processes, which should be intervened as quickly as possible.
If the chest hurts, but there is no menstruation – what does it say?
Before the onset of critical days, a significant number of women notice swelling, soreness and sensitivity of the mammary glands. If the chest hurts and the menstrual periods have not come, then this can be a signal of the beginning of the birth of a new life.
This happens in 70% of cases. If the pregnancy has not come, and the mammary glands continue to bother, then in 20% of the problems associated with mastopathy.
The remaining 10% are attributed to: the presence of infection in the mammary glands:
- oncology of these organs;
- ovulation process;
- consequence of active exercise (muscle strain);
- hormonal imbalance;
Why does the stomach hurt and there are no menstruation?
It may also bother the pain in the abdomen in the absence of menstruation. Some women experience painful sensations during ovulation when the follicles break. This is a normal process, which is attributed to the individual characteristics of the organism.
Problems of a gynecological nature may also be accompanied by pain. Women begin to pay attention to the inflammatory processes after the appearance of severe pain. If such inflammations are ignored and not treated, in the future they can give rise to serious diseases.
Fluid that has accumulated in the fallopian tubes can cause abdominal pain, which will prevent the appearance of menstruation.
Acyclic pains in most cases, cause urolithiasis. To bring trouble can spikes, cystitis, colitis. If, in addition to the abdomen, the woman is worried about the arching sensation in the mammary glands, you can suspect a fibroid For abdominal pain and the absence of regul, it is worth to be examined to exclude an ectopic pregnancy.
How much can you not worry?
Important to remember! For each woman, the duration of the menstrual cycle can last a different period of time. Most often, the established cycle (21-35 days) accompanies a woman throughout the reproductive age from 18 to 45 years.
The starting point falls on the first day of discharge and lasts until the arrival of the next.In a healthy woman for 1-3 days with regular periods for concern there is no reason.
Delayed menstrual 1-4 days: causes
The most common reasons for the delay (1-4 days) are the following:
- recent cold;
- excessive physical exertion;
- climate change;
- abrupt change of power;
- emotional, nervous breakdown.
If the delay is 5 months (test negative): is there a problem or not?
With a 5-day wait for the arrival of the monthly it is early to talk about any pathology, because it is within the normal range. The woman has time before taking active steps.
The reason for the failure of the regular cycle may be the consequences of workaholism., which lead to depletion of the body, lack of sleep and reduced vitality. In the absence of poor health and unpleasant symptoms, we can talk about the absence of a problem.
Monthly delay for 6 – 10 days. Causes other than pregnancy
[box type = warning]Doctors pay attention! Monthly delay for 6-10 days – the first call for a woman. It can signal a borderline state, pregnancy or illness. [/ Box]
With the exclusion of pregnancy, doctors called such a delay secondary amenorrhea. A very dangerous condition of a woman that should be excluded in the first place is an ectopic pregnancy.
Symptoms of this pregnancy are:
- pain in the lumbar region and lower abdomen;
- feeling weak;
- appearance of vaginal discharge brown, brown color.
If you notice these symptoms, you need to visit the antenatal clinic without delay. Ignoring ectopic pregnancy causes abundant bleeding and infertility.
Delayed monthly 10 days or more: start looking for the cause with your doctor!
Strong health of the woman and presence of the partner obliges to make testing. When the fact of pregnancy has not been confirmed, it is necessary to consult a doctor for examination and to identify the causes.
Based on the results of the survey, A gynecologist will be able to detect or exclude diseases:
If the doctor did not find any gynecological problems, you should go to his colleagues. Delay can cause disease:
- Chronic gastritis;
- Adrenal gland diseases;
Delay 2 weeks or more
Waiting for critical days longer than two weeks leaves no hope that everything is in order with the woman’s body. This state cannot be ignored, even if the woman does not bother. The trip to the antenatal clinic should be organized as a matter of urgency.
What to do if there is no monthly 2 (two) months, but not pregnant
If regulations do not come after 2 months, you need to be examined for ovarian dysfunction. This disease is not independent, as it is caused by factors such as viral or infectious disease; diseases of the genital organs, kidneys, thyroid, stomach.
As soon as a woman has found a vaginal discharge that does not resemble menstruation, she should be sent to the clinic. After refusing to take contraceptives, the critical days should begin in 2-3 months, if this did not happen, and there is discomfort at the bottom – the trip to the antenatal clinic is not postponed.
No monthly 3 months, but not pregnant
Waiting for the arrival of menstruation within 3-6 months received a medical name – amenorrhea. Its cause is a serious disease of the gynecological sphere, which requires to undergo examination and examination by a specialist.
Why there are no periods after an abortion
Important to remember! Each woman after the termination of pregnancy, the menstrual cycle is restored in different ways.
In this situation, it is worth taking into account the term and method of aborted pregnancy, the physiological characteristics of the patient. Under the condition of a normal outcome of the operation, after 1 month. after the abortion regulatives should begin. The first day of the cycle must be considered the date of the operation.
Doctors pay attention! If there is no menstruation 31 days later after a surgical abortion, it is recommended to visit a doctor to avoid health problems.
Delay of the month during breastfeeding
The return of menstruation in recent mothers will depend on the lactation process, in which a high level of the hormone-prolactin responsible for breast milk is noted in the blood. If the natural lactation process is not implemented (cesarean section, refusal to breastfeed, other reasons), then the cycle will be restored after 1 month.
At the same time, the maximum delay period after delivery can last approximately 8 weeks. During lactation, the normalization of the menstrual cycle is a purely individual process. It may take 2-3 years.
Important to remember! To accurately predict the start time of the recovery of the menstrual cycle after childbirth, it is necessary to take into account:
- feeding cycle;
- type of feeding (mixed, on demand, regular).
If the mother feeds the baby at the request of the baby, then the monthly discharge will be restored one year after delivery. With a mixed form of feeding, you can expect the return of menstruation after 3-4 months. In 80% of women giving birth critical days come after weaning a baby.
Caution: dangerous reasons for the delay
Dangerous reasons for the delay:
- Polycystic ovary;
Gynecological and endocrine diseases are at risk. Diseases of the ovaries, adrenal glands and thyroid gland can cause polycystic ovary syndrome, and lead to infertility.
Adnexitis – an inflammatory process in the uterine appendages causes hormonal failure. Endometriosis or uterine fibroids is a benign tumor that can degenerate into a malignant neoplasm.
What are the risks of frequent monthly delays?
Leaving aside periodic delays is not recommended. And in the event that they become frequent, it is completely impossible to show a careless attitude towards the health of the woman.
Gynecologists insist! Ignoring regular and frequent delays is fraught with the appearance of chronic diseases, infertility, genital oncology.
What if there is no monthly?
The delay forces the woman to be anxious for a week and then sent to a medical facility. Any deviation of the menstrual cycle from the norm is a reason for contacting antenatal clinic.
Together with the gynecologist will find out the cause of failure of the menstrual cycle. This will require testing, being tested for pregnancy, being examined by an endocrinologist and an ultrasound specialist.
In the case of an unstable menstrual cycle in a girl (duration less than 2 years), the onset of menopause in an older woman and an acceptable weekly delay, you should not panic and try to cause periods.
It is important to know! In women who have not reached menopause and have passed the age of a menerche, permanent delays in critical days are abnormal. Therefore, having established the reasons for the delay, measures should be taken to restore the cyclicality of the regulation.
Is it possible to cause monthly during delay
It is possible to provoke monthly bleeding during a delay both under the supervision of physicians and at home. Almost all medications used to restore the menstrual cycle are hormonal.
You can get the desired effect from taking them if a woman has problems with hormonal background and the deficiency of a certain substance in the body.
How to cause monthly during delay in the home
Having established the patient’s hormonal picture, the gynecologist prescribes the use of special preparations according to the scheme. Often women use herbal infusions that provoke the onset of menstruation. At home, menstruation can be triggered with medications, herbal decoctions, hot baths, a large dose of vitamin C and active exercise.
Herbs taken in 2 tbsp. l. and drenched 1 l. boiling water, consumed after 12 hours of exposure for one day. To call the monthly also drink a decoction of onion peels, ginger.
Drugs for hormonal failure (Duphaston and others in case of delayed menstruation)
In the event that no serious health problems have been identified, doctors prescribe special drugs that stimulate the arrival of critical days.
These drugs include:
Duphaston is prescribed 1 tablet twice a day with a course of 5 days. If serious health problems are found, the endocrinologist may prescribe another treatment regimen. Most often, the long-awaited discharge appears on the 2-3 day of taking the drug.
The expected effect of Duphaston is provided by the concentration of progesterone. In the case of pregnancy, this drug will not bring harm to the fetus, and it will not be able to terminate the pregnancy. Duphaston will only give results if hormonal failure is detected.
If the delay occurs due to stress, then Pulsatilla will help speed up the onset of menses., 6 granules which thins blood. Urgently cause monthly may receive Postinora.
The arising problem of delaying menstruation should not provoke women to seek out ways to speed them up without determining the cause of this condition.
Important to remember! Any delay in the menstrual cycle is a failure, the cause of which should be clarified.
It is imperative to contact a specialist with frequent monthly delays in order to rule out serious diseases, including malignant tumors, mental disorders, infertility and other gynecological diseases.
Video about the reasons for the delay in menstruation with a negative test
Delayed menstrual test is negative. Why and what to do:
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How long the pregnancy test will accurately show the 100% result: