Pain in the intestines bother most people suffering from any bowel disease. Unlike stomach ailments, intestinal pain has nothing to do with the process of eating. The only exception is inflammation of the transverse colon, characterized by pain that occurs after eating. These sensations are caused by reflex contractions of the intestine that occur when food gets into the stomach. As a rule, the intestines ache before emptying, and immediately after it the pain subsides. There are also such diseases of the intestines, in which painful sensations appear in the process of defecation.
Pains in the intestines are of two types: aching and sharp, cramping (intestinal colic). The aching pains do not recede for a long time, they are aggravated if the person stiffens or coughs. Colic is a short periodical seizures. Soreness in the intestines is a characteristic symptom of inflammatory processes occurring in this organ.
Diseases in which the intestine hurts:
– in many cases, pain in the intestines is a consequence of spasm (rapid contraction of the smooth muscles of the organ). Spastic pains are also called colic, they accompany intestinal diseases such as enteritis, colitis, poisoning, and helminth infection. A person at the moment of cramping pain is seized with anxiety, he spontaneously tries to avoid suffering by bending and holding his stomach;
– aching pain in the intestine due to stretching of the walls of the body by accumulated gases during flatulence or obstruction. The cause of obstruction may be a tumor, torsion of the intestines, the formation of nodes. With the aforementioned ailments, pains do not pass for a long time, they become aching;
– in many cases with intestinal obstruction, aching pain resulting from stretching, accompanied by acute pain – colic. The reason for the latter is that above the impassable part of the intestine begins to shrink strongly;
– if adhesions between loops appear in the intestine, there are nagging pains that increase after lifting, severity of posture, enemas.
When asked what to do if your intestines hurt, you can give one piece of advice – consult a doctor. However, it will be useful for all of us to know that by the nature of the pains accompanying intestinal diseases, it is possible to determine which particular organ division suffers:
– during the pathological process in the small intestine, pain is felt around the navel;
– acute appendicitis is characterized by the fact that the intestine on the right hurts, and first the painful sensations arise in the stomach area, and after a few hours pass below. In addition, in case of appendicitis, the pain may give in the right leg;
– appendicitis, malignant formation in the intestine, typhlitis are accompanied by pain in the right iliac region;
– in case of dysentery, intestinal obstruction, inflammatory process in the sigmoid colon, colitis, a malignant tumor in the sigmoid and descending colon, patients experience pain in the left iliac region;
– in acute pathological process of the left areas of the large intestine (in particular, in dysentery) pain gives to the sacral area;
– diseases of the rectum (hemorrhoids, anal fissure, tumor, proctitis) provoke pain in the perineum. These painful sensations increase at the moment of bowel emptying, in parallel with them a person experiences false urges called tenesmus;
– If a person notes pain in the intestines before an act of defecation, the doctor may suspect a painful process in the colon or sigmoid colon. If pain occurs at the time of bowel movements, it can be an anal fissure, hemorrhoids, or a malignant tumor;
– pain, localized in the navel, suggests a possible enteritis, inflammatory process or malignancy in the colon;
– intestinal obstruction has such a symptom as a combination of colic and aching, not having a lot of pain. These pains are located in the navel and increase when the intestines begin to contract.
In some cases, pain in the intestines radiates to the sternum, and then people take it for a stenocardial attack.
What to do if your intestines hurt?
If you feel heaviness, cramps, gas, sharp, sharp or severe pain in the area of the large or small intestine, this can be a symptom of a serious illness that requires treatment. Do not self-medicate and go to one of the following specialists to find out the reason for the appointment: