Most often the lower parts of the legs swell – the feet and ankles. Such localization is caused by a natural cause — earth gravity.
When swelling in the tissues accumulates fluid. Excess fluid is easily detected. If you strongly press your finger on the swollen area, then in this place, after you remove your finger, a recess remains for some time.
Often, edema of the legs is caused by diseases of the veins (chronic or acute thrombophlebitis, varicose saphenous veins, phlebothrombosis). Due to these diseases, the outflow of blood from the feet of the ankles is disturbed and the intracapillary pressure increases.
Edema develops on a sore foot. Often it is preceded by the appearance of pain. In acute thrombophlebitis, the skin may redden in the affected area.
Swelling in the ankle can also cause fluid accumulation in the tissues as a result of heart failure. In case of serious lung diseases, for example, in case of severe bronchial asthma, the heart also cannot work effectively, blood stagnates, venous pressure increases, which leads to edema, including ankles. Often, swelling can be caused by diseases of the kidneys and even the liver. In diseases of the liver, the fluid usually accumulates first in the abdomen (ascites), later on swelling and on the legs.
If the swelling is due to internal diseases, you should consult a doctor, but you can take some measures yourself.
A salt-free diet and reduced fluid intake help reduce fluid retention and swelling.
If your legs are swollen, you can lie down with one or two pillows under your legs so that your legs are higher than your heart, but do not put pillows under your knees.
Those with swollen legs should not wear socks or stockings with elastic bands.
Do not sit and do not stand for a long time. If you already have to be in one of these positions for a long time, from time to time let us work the muscles of the calf, moving your feet and toes. It is also useful to wear special medical elastic stockings or tights that help reduce swelling.
If you have edema, consult with your doctor. The doctor will conduct a thorough examination, including the heart and lungs, as well as the legs, take blood tests to check the kidneys and liver and determine the protein content. If necessary, diuretics can be prescribed (diuretics). They are effective, but they have some side effects. For example, the washing out of the body of potassium, necessary for the normal functioning of the heart. Therefore, taking diuretics, add to your diet foods rich in potassium (apricots, dried apricots, pumpkin, zucchini, watermelons, apples, raisins, milk).
Leg edema can also be caused by an ankle injury. The degree of swelling in this case does not indicate the severity of the damage. The leg can be very swollen both during stretching, and when the ligaments are torn, and during fractures.
With the fracture of the ankle bones, the leg swells less than with sprains. Sprain or rupture of ligaments is usually accompanied by hemorrhage into the surrounding tissues, due to which the skin in this place becomes blue-black.
If there is no fracture, then plaster is not required. But the treatment should begin immediately – to ensure the immobility of the joint, apply ice and
To determine the type of damage, the doctor will check the mobility of the leg in the ankle joint, and may also recommend x-rays. If there is no fracture or there is a non-hazardous fracture without displacement, you will probably be offered to continue home treatment. For other fractures, it is necessary to apply a plaster cast.
The injured leg must be kept raised. Immediately attach ice to the injured area, wrapped in a towel and plastic bag, and leave it for at least 30 minutes. If after the first half hour there is at least a slight swelling, then apply ice for the next few hours for 30 minutes at a 15-minute interval. If the ankle, when raised, ceases to hurt, you can carefully try to step on this leg. If the joint is still sore under load, then it is better not to do this on the first day. Warm compresses can only be done after 24 hours. The elastic bandage also helps. Do not stretch it when applying a bandage – it should not be very tight and prevent blood circulation. It is not necessary to bandage the children themselves, as an incorrectly applied bandage can disrupt blood circulation in the foot. If the skin below the bandage turned blue or pale, it means that the bandage is very tight. In this case, loosen the bandage.
After about 10 days, the ankle should return to normal. However, note that complete healing can be expected only after 4-6 weeks. If at this time you need to move, for example, do therapeutic exercises, then the ankle must be bandaged. However, the bandage will not protect against re-injury if you return to full load.
Healing and traditional medicine has gained considerable experience in the use of natural remedies that help to quickly remove leg swelling. Some simply eliminate this unpleasant symptom, when the legs swell after great physical exertion (especially often with heavy weight), others are aimed at normalizing the water-salt metabolism. There are recommendations to help improve the work of the kidneys, heart, liver, directly affecting the output of excess fluid from the body.
If your legs get tired and swell in the evening, it is very useful to take warm foot baths. For such baths, you can use an infusion of chamomile flowers, sage, horsetail: 100 g of dry grass is poured with a liter of hot water, boiled for 15 minutes over low heat, infused for 45 minutes, filtered. The resulting infusion is diluted with 3-4 liters of water.
When the legs are burning with fatigue, the foot bath from the infusion of black elderberry flowers perfectly helps.
Swollen and tired legs should be rubbed with ice. It is even better to prepare ice from the infusion of sage leaves, chamomile flowers, cornflower or yarrow herb.
Massage has a beneficial effect on the legs. Massage your feet daily with a hard towel from your toes. You can massage your foot heavily, and your knees and hips – weaker. You can use for massage two brushes with bristles of medium hardness. In this case, synchronous circular motions rub feet from the feet to the inguinal folds. Massage continue until the skin turns red. After it, lubricate the skin with a special foot cream or vegetable oil.
To make your legs less tired, you can strengthen them with this kind of gymnastics: to balance first on one of them, then on the other. Do this several times. This exercise well restores blood circulation in the legs.
If tired legs ache, rub them with a mixture of olive oil and salt (1 tsp salt in a glass of oil, stir until salt is completely dissolved).
For these purposes, use lemon juice or a mixture of lemon juice in half with vegetable oil.
Tired legs with coarsened skin soothes and softens the compress of wheat bran. Dissolve bran with warm milk to make gruel. Apply this gruel to your feet and hold until it dries. Then rinse with water and grease the legs with cream.
When thrombophlebitis, it is not recommended to rub and steam out legs.
A good remedy for pain and swelling in thrombophlebitis is mumiyo. Mumiyo is taken orally on 0,25-0,3 g 2 times a day for 25 days, adding it to the mixture of honey and milk (1: 20). After a 10-day break, the course can be repeated.
If thrombophlebitis (or varicose veins) hurt the legs, it is helpful to take warm foot baths to the knees of willow and oak roots (50 g per 10 liters of water). The duration of the procedure is 30 minutes. Water temperature – not more than 38 ° С.
When swelling of the legs drink a decoction of flaxseed. Prepare it at the rate of 4 hours spoons of seeds per liter of water. Boil for 10-15 minutes, then insist in a warm place for an hour. To improve the taste in the broth, you can add any fresh fruit juice (for example, lemon). They drink half a cup in 2 hours 6-8 times a day, preferably hot. The result can be felt in 2 weeks.
In case of liver pathologies with impaired blood circulation and edema, such a collection of herbs is recommended: spring adonis — 20 g, horsetail – 30 g, yarrow – 30 g, celandine – 20 g. Infusion is prepared as follows: 1-2 tbsp. spoon mixture poured a glass of hot boiled water and heated on a water bath for 15 minutes. Then cooled for 45 minutes, filtered and squeezed. The volume of the resulting infusion is brought to 200 ml with boiled water. Take half a cup 2 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
For edema of cardiac origin, it is useful to take a tincture of birch buds: 20 g of kidneys pour 100 ml of 70% alcohol. Insist 3 weeks, squeeze, filter and store in a dark vessel in a cool place away from light. In case of cardiovascular insufficiency, accompanied by edema, such a collection is recommended as a diuretic: birch (leaves) – 50 g, cinnamon rosehip (fruits) – 25 g, harvester field (root) – 25 g. Infusion is prepared as follows: 1- 2 tbsp. spoon mixture pour a glass of hot boiled water, put for 15 minutes in hot water (but not heated!), cooled for 45 minutes, squeeze. The volume of the resulting infusion is brought to 200 ml with boiled water. Take 1 / 3-1 / 4 cup 3 times a day.
For edema associated with diseases of the cardiovascular system and kidneys, an essential diuretic is watermelon. Watermelon juice not only removes excess fluid from the body, but also provides it with easily digestible sugars. Nutritionists believe that 2-2.5 kg of watermelon can be consumed per day.
When kidney disease grape juice is useful, which is an effective diuretic. You need to drink it an hour before meals 3 times a day. Start with half a glass and by the end of the course (after 1-1.5 months) bring the reception to two glasses. It is also useful in diseases of the liver, lungs, gout and hypertension, it is a good general tonic.
For heart disease, accompanied by edema, pumpkin is very good. Pumpkin pulp enhances the excretion of chloride salts from the body and increases diuresis without irritating the kidneys.
One of the best diuretics is cucumbers. Juice of them strengthens the heart and blood vessels. Per day you can drink up to 100 ml of pure cucumber juice.
Parsley juice is good for many kidney diseases: urolithiasis, nephritis, etc. It is successfully used for dropsy. This juice is one of the most powerful diuretics, so it is better to drink it not in its pure form, but in a mixture with others: carrot, salad, spinach or celery.
prepared by Tatyana Popova