Severe bruising is an unpleasant accident, which can happen to any person, be it an adult or a child (although with children, of course, more often).
In a bruise, there seems to be nothing terrible, but everyone wants to get rid of the unpleasant sensations that accompany him — pain, swelling, cyanosis — in the shortest possible time.
What to do in the case when you yourself or someone close to you is hurt?
There are several time-tested ways to alleviate the condition for any injury – this is the use of well-known pharmaceutical drugs, and popular knowledge accumulated over the centuries.
What is a bruise and how is it diagnosed?
In official terminology, it is common practice to call mechanical injury to soft tissues or internal organs, which is not aggravated by the violation of the integrity of the skin arrays..
Often with deep bruises, nerve endings and blood vessels of various sizes are affected. Bleeding from small vessels stops after 5–10 minutes, and in its place a bruise appears, the bruise swells up and hurts a lot.
If large vessels are affected, then blood can ooze up to a day, it will soak the surrounding tissues, as a result of which a hematoma of gigantic dimensions may appear, depending on the degree of impact.
In case of severe injuries, it is always better to seek medical help, this is especially important in cases of injuries of internal organs.
Bruises are diagnosed in the bulk visually – often there is a bruise, swelling of the affected area, with a particularly strong blow – a clear bruise.
It is easy to distinguish a contusion from a fracture or dislocation — the patient can feel areas of the body in the injury zone and can control them — for example, move his fingers if the arm is injured and
However, for extensive and deep bruises, an x-ray is always prescribed to ensure that there are no dislocations, cracks or fractures.
There are four severity bruises:
I. Damage is minimal – at the level of scuffs, scratches, do not need inpatient or specialized treatment, heal independently in two or three days.
Ii. At the 2nd degree of severity, there are edemas and hematomas that appear as a result of muscle tissue rupture.
Iii. Together with the upper muscle tissue and tendons are affected. Such injuries are often accompanied by dislocations.
Iv. In case of 4th degree injuries, hospitalization is advisable to the injured, since there is a threat of dysfunction of the internal organs and systems.
So what to do with a bruise?
The following activities will help the person who is hit hard by any part of the body.
1. Immediately after the injury case, it is necessary to assess the condition of the person and make sure that there are no visible signs of fractures, ligament ruptures, dislocations.
2. In case of bruises of the extremities or head – to immobilize the damaged area, it is possible that a fixing splint or bandage should be applied to the arm or leg.
3 It is necessary to apply cold to the hurt place. – it will have a local analgesic effect, narrow blood vessels, reduce swelling, prevent cyanosis. Compress need to keep for 15-20 minutes, periodically changing the source of cold.
The most suitable option would be either frozen food from the freezer wrapped in a linen napkin or special dry ice briquettes.
4. If abrasions and scratches appear, treat them with disinfectants.
5. In case of intensive pain syndrome, give an injured an analgesic of the type – Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, Analgin or Diclofenac.
6. A day after the injury, apply an iodine network onto the affected area, it will help hematomas to dissolve faster.
7. From the second day, it is also possible to use warming compresses and baths.
8. From the third day after the injury, you can begin to smear a bruised place with special anti-inflammatory ointments: Diklak, Voltaren, Fastum, Rescuer and
9. Alternative medicine also offers a lot of advice to help those who struggle with bruises.
For example, a compress from grated or sliced raw potato. Such a simple remedy actually turns out to be very effective against swelling and bruising.
10. Bodyaga to help everyone – one of the best natural remedies for bruising and swelling.
For the treatment of bruises, you need to take a couple of tablespoons of bodyagi powder and mix them with a small amount of water to obtain a homogeneous slurry, which should be applied to the site of the injury.
Compress is fixed with a bandage and left until complete evaporation of moisture. The procedure is repeated two to three times a day.
11. Helps to numb the bruise and speed up its healing of a simple cabbage leaf. It primatyvayut to the sore spot and change as wilting. The effect will be more noticeable if a thin layer of natural honey is applied to the cabbage leaf.
12. After applying the cold compress, treat the affected oil with camphor alcohol.
13. A surprisingly simple and effective means is to dilute the soap in the water (make a concentrated solution), moisten a napkin in it and apply it to the injury.
14. Hardened injury can be softened by rubbing castor oil into it. It will also help get rid of scars after injuries.
15. As a medical compress can be applied to the injury site crushed onion.
A warning: for abdominal soft tissue contusions, pain medications should not be taken immediately, as they can smear the picture of possible internal bleeding.
In general, any injury, be it a cut or a bruise, requires careful and careful attitude – consultation with doctors will never be superfluous.
Even the smallest damage, if not treated correctly and in a timely manner, can be a trigger for the emergence or exacerbation of various diseases.
On the treatment of injuries at home can be found in detail in the article on our website Bruises: treatment at home. There are many recipes compresses, ointments, decoctions and tinctures with bruises. There are recommendations for bruising the nail.