It is not only older people who suffer from pressure. With complaints that pressure is jumping, middle-aged people and young people often come to a cardiologist. The jumps in blood pressure (BP) are dangerous to humans and significantly impair their well-being. With high blood pressure, the patient experiences headaches, feels nauseous, dizziness occurs. People with hypertension increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. There is a need for daily monitoring of blood pressure and taking antihypertensive drugs.
With low blood pressure, patients complain of fainting, tinnitus and a drop in body temperature. Deviations of blood pressure to a greater or lesser side indicate the presence of any malfunction of the cardiovascular system. Various harmful factors can provoke such violations, which should be eradicated.
Sudden pressure surges overload the vessels, which often leads to their rupture. This is what causes heart attacks and strokes.. It is worth noting that this is one of the main causes of death not only among the elderly population.
Timely therapy in this case can save lives. You should consider in detail the causes of such drops.
Causes of blood pressure surges
The pressure jump can be triggered by various factors, most often a similar condition occurs against the background of arterial hypertension. But in addition to this disease, pressure drops can be triggered by the following factors:
- Problems of the endocrine system.
- Constant stress.
- Emotional and physical exhaustion.
- Vegetative dystonia.
- Climate change.
- Alcohol abuse.
- Excessive use of beverages containing caffeine.
Endocrine disorders can cause jumps in blood pressure. This is the most common problem among menopausal women. At this moment ovarian activity fades away, the necessary hormones are not produced. As a provoking factor, you can add an unstable emotional state of a woman in this difficult period.
Young people often jump pressure due to stress. This is due to an unmeasured lifestyle. Constant stress at work and lack of sleep can be the cause of such fluctuations. This reason is most common among women, their psyche is more unstable in this regard.
Periodic jumps can provoke the development of primary arterial hypertension, in such a case it is impossible to do without complex treatment. You should be attentive to your health and avoid emotional overload.
The diagnosis of IRR is made by cardiologists and neurologists quite often. It jumps blood pressure are the main criteria for this disease. Vegetative regulation disorders often occur in adolescents, which is explained by their emotional lability.
A number of patients are quite sensitive to any weather changes. In this case, blood pressure rises or falls suddenly, this is accompanied by a significant deterioration in health. There are headaches, dizziness. Weather-sensitive people react to changes in climate and time zones.
Excessive consumption of tonic drinks adversely affects blood pressure, especially in people with heart disease. Improper nutrition, constant consumption of salty and fatty foods leads to obesity. This factor also adversely affects the health of blood vessels, because of this pressure jumps.
Excessive consumption of alcohol and smoking is often the cause of such jumps in men. Everyone knows that smoking is an absolutely bad habit, it leads to lung cancer and causes abnormalities in the heart. but not everyone knows that after a cigarette you smoke, a vasospasm of organs occurs, and therefore pressure rises.
A sedentary lifestyle is one of the causes of hypertension. It is a sedentary lifestyle that leads to lesions of the cervical region. As a result, compression of the vessels occurs and pressure drops occur.
Useful tips for those who jump AD
Of course, first of all it is necessary to monitor blood pressure daily with a tonometer. Low blood pressure can give the patient a lot of anxiety. The deterioration of well-being during this occurs abruptly, dizziness begins, becomes cloudy in the eyes.
You can get rid of lowering blood pressure, for this you need to remember a healthy lifestyle:
- do not make sudden movements at the moment of awakening, sit in a chair and try to relax;
- do self-massage of the hands towards the heart;
- take a contrast shower, alternating warm and cool water;
- to practice light sports regularly, it is enough to do morning exercises or jogging at an easy pace;
- avoid prolonged exposure to the sun and in unventilated areas;
- alternate work and rest;
- sleep at least 8 hours a day;
- avoid nervous shocks;
- to refuse from bad habits;
- drink at least 2 liters of pure water per day.
Jumps HELL in a big way more dangerous to human health. Hypertension increases the risk of heart attack and stroke several times.
To reduce the likelihood of sharp jumps, you need to follow the following recommendations:
- to reconsider a diet, to refuse fat and salty food;
- lose weight;
- stop smoking;
- reduce alcohol consumption;
- drink liquid in limited quantities;
- avoid emotional stress;
- daily walk in the fresh air;
- sleep in a ventilated room.
Emergency to reduce blood pressure will help a cold shower. In some cases, when blood pressure reaches the upper limits, it is allowed to drink a diuretic and take a horizontal position. However, such a drug should be prescribed by the attending physician.
Normalization of pressure when it drops
Most people suffering from pressure drops, just try to normalize the values on the tonometer. To do this, with hypotension, they use a drug that increases the pressure, with hypertension – a means to reduce blood pressure. Despite the fact that the drug, there is no normalizing pressure, these are erroneous actions.
For therapeutic treatment of these manifestations, this is not enough. An experienced cardiologist will recommend taking sedatives. It is difficult to completely get rid of the drops, but they will help reduce their severity.
It is impossible to say unequivocally that hypotension or hypertension is worse, because lowering pressure for hypertension is a very dangerous phenomenon. Sudden drops in blood pressure – this is dangerous. Such abnormalities require therapeutic treatment.