Blood pressure in humans is measured by systolic and diastolic index. Many people are interested in what the increased lower pressure indicates and how to cope with it, since this problem can provoke various kinds of complications and cause disorders in the body that require specialized treatment.
The main causes of failure are diseases of the kidneys and circulatory system. Therapeutic activities are carried out under the constant supervision of a cardiologist.
Before you determine what the increased lower blood pressure indicates, you should definitely know how it should be normal. Normal performance is largely dependent on the tone of the arteries. If the blood vessels begin to narrow strongly, the pressure gradually rises.
Normal indicators are 65-80 mm Hg. Art. After 50-60 years some expansion of borders is allowed. This is due to the natural aging of the body, if at the same time a person does not experience any significant heart problems.
What does the increased lower pressure mean for normal upper? This question worries so many people who suffer from this problem. Such a phenomenon provokes a very dangerous condition, namely, isolated arterial hypertension. Such unfavorable symptoms require immediate treatment.
In order to choose the most acceptable and effective method of treatment, it is necessary to know what the increased lower pressure of 90 means and what it means for a person. Such a violation may indicate excessive vascular wall tone. In this case, they narrow, and with it, the lumen is significantly reduced, which, accordingly, prevents normal blood flow through the body.
The internal organs do not receive enough nutrients and oxygen, which in the future can provoke quite serious violations and complications in the functioning of the body. Increased lower pressure can cause an increase in the upper, but this is completely optional.
To prevent fatal changes in the body, you need to undergo a timely examination by a doctor and the subsequent comprehensive treatment.
What does the increased lower pressure in a person indicate, everyone needs to know, especially those who often suffer from a similar problem. There are several provoking factors. Among them should be highlighted physical and emotional stress, as well as frequent stressful situations. Such external factors can be very dangerous in diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Also, the reasons may be the frequent consumption of coffee, salty foods, alcoholic beverages, smoking.
To determine the cause of high lower pressure, it is necessary to pay attention to such provoking factors as:
- kidney disease;
- disruption of the functioning of the thyroid gland;
- adrenal dysfunction;
- heart diseases;
Increased lower pressure provokes an active production of a biologically active renal substance. It is for this reason that there is a spasm of all blood vessels, which causes it to rise even more. This provokes the development of vascular pathology of the kidneys and, as a consequence, chronic glomerulonephritis.
It is also important to understand what the increased lower pressure at the normal upper level indicates, since such a condition can carry a serious threat to human life and health. This condition is characterized by the fact that the blood flow is disturbed, since the myocardium is not able to relax properly. When this occurs, a dramatic change in the vascular walls. If the pathology is not eliminated in time, then irreversible changes in the myocardium will occur, which will entail thromboembolism.
All important life processes occur with the use of hormones produced by the adrenal glands. With their oversupply or lack of a variety of diseases arise. Due to an excess of corticoids, the lower pressure increases, and the level of potassium decreases. With acute and severe renal failure, a person may even die. This condition is dangerous because toxins are no longer excreted from the body and intoxication begins.
Diseases of the thyroid gland lead to an increase in lower pressure, alter the psyche and appearance of a person. With a lack of hormones, goitre can develop amid iodine deficiency and secondary hypothyroidism. With the injuries of this body, there will also be a lack of hormones.
Increased lower pressure may occur as a result of narrowing of the spinal canal. Pathology is observed in young people with spinal problems and in old age. While on the move, the symptoms manifest as constant aching pain.
The accumulation of water in the body under the influence of pathologies of the kidneys provokes an increase in diastolic pressure. Fluid retention occurs due to physical inactivity, overeating, allergies, and even intense heat. In women, this problem may be during menstruation or pregnancy. It is necessary to correctly determine what the increased lower pressure indicates, so that you can choose the appropriate treatment.
It is important not only to accurately understand the cause of high lower pressure, but also how exactly such a violation occurs. Among the main symptoms you need to select the typical signs for hypertension, in particular, such as:
- soreness in the sternum;
- noise in ears;
- swelling of limbs;
Basically, such a violation is detected completely by chance, since it has no characteristic manifestations. In addition, you need to know exactly what the increased lower pressure at a lower upper pressure indicates and what the symptoms of this problem may be.
The main manifestations of pathology:
- difficulty breathing;
- a cold sweat comes on;
- pulse quickens;
- dizziness occurs.
If blood pressure is unstable, it is necessary to undergo a diagnosis in order to determine the cause of this pathology and prescribe the subsequent treatment of the anomaly.
When do you need to consult a doctor?
What the high lower pressure indicates, the attending doctor will be able to determine after conducting a comprehensive diagnosis. It is very important to identify the provoking factor in a timely manner. With untimely or improper treatment, there is the likelihood of heart attack, atherosclerosis or stroke. In addition, there may be problems with the functioning of the brain. As a result, the level of intelligence decreases.
If the rates are 160 by 95, you should immediately seek emergency medical care.
If symptoms of hypertensive crisis occur, you should immediately call an ambulance. These signs include:
- noise in ears;
- shortness of breath;
- dry mouth;
- problems with diction;
- hoarse breathing;
- numbness of the limbs.
In addition, only a qualified specialist will be able to determine what the high lower pressure indicates for the correct prescription of the desired treatment. This will eliminate the provoking factors in the shortest possible time.
It is possible to understand exactly what the increased lower blood pressure of a child or adult indicates, only after a comprehensive diagnosis, including:
- blood test;
- biochemical research;
- ultrasound diagnostics;
- doppler sonography.
After detecting the instability of pressure, constant fluctuations of values, the patient should monitor and record the measurement results in a notebook.
It is necessary to know not only what the increased lower pressure indicates – 92-97 mmHg. Art., but how exactly to provide first aid. If a person’s overall health deteriorates very rapidly, which is accompanied by difficulty breathing, painful manifestations in the sternum area, cold sweating, dizziness, then urgent need to be given first aid and then see a doctor. Regardless of the factors that provoked such a violation, it is necessary to carry out some manipulations.
The victim needs to be urgently put to bed, while creating the most comfortable semi-sitting position. In this state, the likelihood of choking is excluded. It is important to provide fresh air.
A cold or ice compress should be applied to the muscles of the neck on both sides of the spine. If ice is used, it must be wrapped in a towel. The duration of the retention of such a compress is 15-20 minutes. After that, it is recommended to make a light massage to normalize the blood circulation process.
To take some of the blood from the heart, it is useful to make a warm foot bath. A good tool is massage acupuncture points. It is performed by massaging the point located under the earlobe on both sides. Then the impact is on the region from the earlobe to the middle of the clavicle. The number of such manipulations is unlimited. This will eliminate the acute symptoms.
In the case of systematic medication, the patient can be given a drug prescribed by a doctor. If you have a headache, you need to take a diuretic. If there is a strong pain in the sternum, it is possible to take Nitroglycerin, which must be placed under the tongue and held until completely dissolved.
Knowing what the increased lower pressure and high pulse are talking about, as well as exactly how to eliminate such a problem, you can normalize your well-being. Well helps drug therapy. For each patient, the doctor individually prescribes treatment, which must include drugs of 3 groups, namely:
- beta blockers;
- ACE inhibitors;
- calcium antagonists.
Beta-blockers are prescribed for ischemia and heart failure. The most popular drugs are Anaprilin and Atenolol. At various cardiac pathologies, calcium antagonists, in particular “Varapamil”, are used.
ACE inhibitors are the latest drugs that show high performance with an isolated increase in lower pressure. Among the drugs the drug Enalapril is the most popular.
To reduce the oxygen starvation of tissues and to normalize the functioning of the heart, prescribe such drugs as Concor, Metoprolol, Corvalol. The jumps of the lower pressure to the reading of 100 mm Hg. Art. can be very dangerous, so they need to be urgently stabilized. To remove the excess fluid from the body, the patient is recommended to drink a course of diuretics.
It is worth noting that patients with kidney problems, you must strictly control the medication. If you exceed the recommended dose can develop bradycardia, there is the likelihood of kidney failure.
Many people are worried about the question of what the increased lower blood pressure, the pulse, and how one can eliminate the existing problem with the help of folk remedies and methods. To eliminate the existing pathology you need 1 tablespoon of motherwort pour 250 ml of boiling water. Insist 30-40 minutes. Take ready healing composition 3-4 times a day for 1 week.
In 1 cup boiling water you need to brew 1 tablespoon of valerian root. Let it stand for 10-12 hours. The resulting infusion filter and take after eating 1 tbsp. l In addition, it is recommended to take other medicinal herbs that have a sedative effect. They help stabilize lower pressure, improve overall health, and lower the excessive tone of the heart muscle.
In particular, such means as:
- hawthorn tincture;
- cedar cones.
You can also take tincture of chokeberry. However, it is worth remembering that this remedy has contraindications and it is undesirable to use it for people who have problems with blood, in particular, there is a tendency to increased thrombosis.
Treatment should also include the observance of the rules of a balanced diet with complete exclusion of smoked and fatty foods from the usual diet. It is necessary to limit the consumption of flour and sweet, give preference to fresh vegetables and fruits. The use of salt for cooking is also necessary to limit.
It is recommended to consume as much milk and dairy products as possible. It is allowed to eat 1-2 times a week fish of low-fat varieties. All dishes are recommended to steam or boil. We must try to choose products without dyes and flavors. In addition, you should not get involved in strong tea and coffee.
With frequent increases in lower pressure connective tissue expands and replaces its own. This is due to prolonged oxygen starvation. Then, the contractile function of the heart gradually decreases and myocardiosclerosis begins.
Stagnation in the circulatory circles occurs with a decrease in the number of contractions of the myocardium, resulting in cardiovascular failure. At the same time, puffiness begins to increase, fluid accumulates in the peritoneal region and overall performance decreases.
In case of stagnation of blood circulation in a small circle, shortness of breath is observed, the lungs begin to swell. Sometimes blood can seep through the vascular walls and fill them. With severe changes in the brain due to vascular pathologies, the memory and intellect of a person is impaired, renal failure is observed. As a result, toxic substances are not fully excreted from the body, which provokes the onset of slow toxicity. With a sharp jump in lower pressure, a hypertensive crisis begins to develop, which is characterized by the fact that:
- worried nausea and vomiting;
- there is a severe headache;
- convulsions, hallucinations appear;
- possible coma.
Hypertensive crises may be accompanied by neurological symptoms, and this is due to impaired blood circulation in the brain. This condition is manifested in the form:
- speech disorders;
- degradation of sensitivity.
This condition continues for several days after the termination of the hypertensive crisis. Understanding what a high lower pressure in a person says with a normal pulse or rapid, and also knowing how to get rid of such a dangerous condition, the patient will be able to achieve very good results and a quick recovery.