Herpes is an infectious disease that is caused by the herpes virus. The main manifestation of the disease is a blistering rash on the skin. The causative agent of the disease is very contagious, it is widespread in nature and easily transmitted to healthy people from patients. Symptoms of herpes on the body appear with a decrease in immune defense.
There are several types of herpes that cause different clinical manifestations:
- Herpes type 1 – on the lips and in the mouth appear bubbles filled with fluid. With a large affected area, the patient has a fever, malaise, weakness, and muscle pain.
- Genital herpes. The main clinical manifestations include rash in the intimate area. In men, mainly the head of the penis is affected, in women, the labia. In addition to the appearance of herpes on the body, an infected person notices itching in the affected area, feels pain in the lower abdomen in the back.
- Epstein-Barr virus, which provokes infectious mononucleosis. With a typical course of the disease, a skin rash does not appear, but can be triggered by the use of antibiotics.
- Varicella Zoster is a virus that causes shingles. It manifests itself in the region of the ribs, neck and face. Less common are cases of eyelids being affected.
- Cytomegalovirus – it is widely distributed, but rarely leads to skin damage – with a decrease in immunity.
- Herpes virus type 6, causing pseudorabshu. The main symptom is the spread of rashes throughout the body.
Treatment depends on the location of the rash and the type of herpes on the body. After a medical examination and testing, the doctor prescribes multivitamin complexes, immunostimulants or immunomodulators to the patient.
Types of herpes and their symptoms – Galina Vinogradova
General characteristics of herpetic rash
Manifestations of herpes, regardless of the type of pathogen, are very similar in most cases – red dots, reborn into bubbles, and then drying to crusts. The greatest discomfort is felt by patients with shingles.
Characteristic features of the rash:
- Rashes on the body, capturing a small or extensive area. They look like clusters of bubbles with a clear liquid. The skin near the rash becomes pink or red.
- Increased skin sensitivity. In the area of the appearance of the rash a person feels severe pain. They are caused by damage to the nerve endings of the virus.
- In rare cases, a rash on the body is not accompanied by any other symptoms.
Such symptoms appear in most cases, but may be complicated by fever.
What does herpes look like on the body?
The main reason for the appearance of rashes is a decrease in immunity as a result of a long-term illness, surgical interventions, lack of vitamins, hypothermia. Herpes on the human body looks like a rash, which varies depending on the stage. It can occupy large areas. Sometimes the localization areas on the body do not exceed 10 mm in diameter. The clinical picture depends on the type of pathogen.
With herpes simplex virus
Oral herpes is manifested by a rash around the mouth or in the oral cavity itself. First, an inflamed area appears on the skin or mucous membrane. She blushes and grows in size (up to several centimeters). Subsequently, bubbles with a clear liquid appear on the inflamed base. Herpes rash affects a small area of the face.
The bubbles are elastic and arranged in groups. After a few days, the liquid in them becomes turbid. Then the bubbles burst, and ulcers form in their place. Subsequently, the affected area is tightened with a crust that may bleed. After 2-3 days, it disappears, and in its place remains pigmented area.
Genital herpes, which is caused by the second type of herpes simplex virus, often has no symptoms. The main signs of the disease:
- Erythema is formed – a reddened area from a few centimeters to several tens of centimeters.
- There are rashes with a clear liquid. The reddened area of skin around the vesicles becomes larger.
- The fluid inside the bubbles becomes cloudy. Vesicles may have a yellowish tint. Bubbles merge into larger formations.
- There is a breakthrough of the vesicles and the release of the fluid in them. In their place are formed weeping erosive areas.
- Crusts form at the site of bubble rupture. They may look like cracked soil during a drought. Crusts have a yellow or red tint.
- When the crusts go off, a reddened area remains in their place. Perhaps its peeling for several days.
In women, the genital lips, the mouth of the urethra, thighs and buttocks are affected.
Photo number 1 – type 1 herpes simplex virus, photo number 2 – type 2 herpes simplex virus
Herpes zoster on the body is manifested by severe pain in the ribs on one side. There are bubbles here. The patient complains of severe pain and decreased performance. However, these manifestations characterize only the acute period of the disease.
At different stages, the following symptoms occur:
- Starting period. Shingles occurs acutely. A person feels pain in muscles and joints, a slight fever and malaise.
- The appearance of skin rashes. On one side of the body, along the affected nerve, pale pink spots occur, having indistinct boundaries and a diameter of 2 to 5 mm. Then bubbles appear in their place. Regional lymph nodes increase markedly. During the following week, small vesicles significantly increase in size.
- The stage of involution is the appearance of crusts. The liquid in the bubbles becomes turbid, the vesicles dry up and turn into brown crusts. After they fall off, pigmented spots remain on the skin.
This is the typical course of the disease. In some cases, an atypical pattern appears. In the abortive form, watery bubbles do not form. The bullous form is manifested by an increase in the size of the vesicles and their fusion into a single bubble. In hemorrhagic form, the tissues of the skin and its capillaries are damaged, with the result that the vesicles are filled with blood. The gangrenous course of the disease causes deep ulcers, healing is slow, and on the eruption site coarse scars are formed.
The incubation period for infection of an adult with Epstein-Barr virus lasts from 20 to 60 days. A rash occurs in 25% of those infected. Red spots, spots, small tubercles and hemorrhages appear throughout the body. Spots on the body can be located very often or single rashes. With the location of the rash all over the body, the patient is almost completely red. Single reddenings appear at a distance of several cm from each other.
Red dots appear on the patient’s palate, which are closer to the uvula. Eye whites may redden.
Rash with mononucleosis
In adults, the disease is rare. The illness begins acutely. Symptoms resemble SARS. The rash may be completely absent. When the rash appears, they are located all over the body, in small groups. Roseola appears on the body as small pink dots. They appear a day after the first signs of the disease. The rash goes away in a few days. Red dots can merge, forming small inflamed areas.
Often the plaque first appears on the patient’s chest. It has pink borders and the middle of the skin color. Possible peeling of the resulting stain. A few hours later, new erythema is spreading from it. Growing up, redness can occupy clearly defined skin areas.