Modern medicine under the concept of polyp defines the peculiar growths that form on the surface layer of the mucous membrane. These growths (polyps) are similar in appearance to spherical or fungoid growths attached to an organ of the body with the help of a “leg”, or a dense base. The color range of polyps varies from gray-reddish to dark red, sometimes they are yellow.
Polyp what is it?
Polyps in the intestines
The size of the resulting polyps range from microscopic to solid, noticeable with little consideration. On the outer surface of such formations there is a small layer of mucus, the consistency of the entire polyp is quite soft. Typically, polyps are harbingers of a benign or malignant tumor. Any meaty growth or polyp very often causes various precancerous diseases. An old polyp can be transformed to a specific stage of a malignant tumor, such as colorectal cancer. Polyps can occur both in children and in adults at any age.
The nature of the growth of polyps is associated with a tumor-like process occurring in the tissue lining the intestinal wall. During the growth of such growths on the walls, there is a decrease in the lumen of the intestine itself. The location or location of the polyps in most cases refers to the area of the rectum or the lower part of the large intestine.
The danger of education in the body of fleshy growths or polyps lies in the occurrence of causes leading to the development of more serious complications in the organs. Often, due to the large accumulation of such growths in the lumen of the intestines obstruction is formed through their lumen. In the worst case, these polyps develop into malignant tumors, resulting in cancer. In this regard, you should take care of the state of their internal organs, especially the intestines.
Signs of a rectal polyp
The rectum, prone to the appearance of such growths, is responsible for the removal of undigested residues from the body, so polyps in its lumen will significantly worsen the process, leading to pain. Excessive anxiety about the state of the intestines will help prevent the development of polyps in the body. How to determine if there are polyps in the rectum?
The presence of polyps in the rectal area, their number and size can be detected during endoscopic examination of this organ. There are cases when these formations are detected by chance, during the examination of the body for the presence of other pathologies. Large polyps may manifest themselves as a defecation of secretions. In the fecal masses, in the presence of polyps in the rectum, a small amount of blood or mucus is found. Accompanied feces blood discharge is usually red, less often scarlet in color. If you find such feces in the near future should visit the hospital, in order to obtain medical advice.
Sometimes during the formation of polyps on the walls of the rectum, the patient feels an increase in body temperature, which indicates the beginning of an inflammatory process in the body that occurs in the area of the polyp. Galls can cause and corresponding pain in the abdomen, as well as manifestations of diarrhea and characteristic constipation. In most cases, the patient feels the presence of constipation during bowel movement, due to the overlap of the rectal lumen and stool obstruction from the body.
Large polyps often lead to overlap of the lumen of the rectum, while the patient feels the presence of a foreign object in the anus. In cases where the resulting polyps are attached to the wall of the intestine with the help of the leg, the patient can observe his loss from the anus when defecation. If several polyps form on the walls of the rectum, then the polyposis of this organ is diagnosed.
Why do polyps occur in the rectum?
Symptoms can be completely different.
Today, the main causes of polyps on the walls of the rectum, scientists believe the following:
- Hereditary predisposition of a person to the occurrence of the disease.
- Inflammatory processes in the rectum.
- Irrational food.
- Excessive drinking.
- Low mobility of man.
- Bad ecology
Consider these reasons in more detail. Most scientists, based on the results of the research, concluded that it is the human heredity that contributes to the formation of these formations on the intestinal walls. At birth, the human genetic material can bear the makings of the development of polyps on its organs, including the rectum.
Polyps can develop in the human body and if there are inflammatory processes of various nature in the rectum that can cause the development of fleshy growths on the inner walls of the intestine. Most often, enteritis or colitis leads to the occurrence of polyps, as well as the development of dysentery in the body. An irrational and unbalanced human diet, often also causes polyps in the body. Especially often growths on the walls of the intestine occur when eating food supersaturated with animal fats. The lack of food in plant fiber, also contributes to the growth of the inner walls of the rectum.
The negative effect of environmental ecology, excessive consumption of alcohol-containing beverages, as well as a sedentary lifestyle often have a beneficial effect on the development of polyps on the walls of the rectum. Considering the reasons given, it is possible to prevent the occurrence and significantly slow down the further development of polypone growths in the body.
Diagnosis of polyps in the rectum
A variety of polypous formations
It is possible to diagnose the presence of polypous formations on the walls of the rectum in cases of regular patient examinations. When you confirm the presence of polyps, the doctor can determine their size, number, and the degree of risk of precancerous complications. The easiest way to identify polyps in the rectum is based on a digital examination of the patient’s orifice. Such a study allows not only to confirm, but also to refute the presence of these pathologies in the organ under study.
Another method to detect the presence of polyps in the intestine is rectoromanoscopy. This method allows you to examine in detail the inner wall of the rectum at a distance of up to twenty-five centimeters from the anus. Since polyps in most cases are formed at a given height of the rectum, the proctoscope easily detects them.
Colonoscopy is also one of the reliable methods that can detect polyps in the rectal lumen. The method of this examination is based on a comprehensive visualization of the entire intestine, which allows you to determine the area in which growths have formed. Both described methods, when special equipment is involved, quickly and correctly determine the presence of polyps in the body, and also give much necessary information about them related to their structure, number, and so on.
Sometimes, conducting studies of the rectal cavity with these methods, the doctor has the ability to quickly remove polypous tumors that are seated on the pedicle from the organ. This is achieved by introducing into the body a special electrode with a looped end capable of cutting off a polyp from the intestinal wall. After this operation, the doctor cauterizes the area where the polyp was located. The growth from the body is subject to detailed study.
Modern medicine offers another method of diagnosing polyp growths in the body, this is irrigoscopy. This method allows you to identify polyps on the walls of the rectum, if their size reaches one centimeter or more. Irrigoscopy is based on X-ray examination of the entire rectum and the intestine as a whole. When using irrigoscopy, a special contrast agent is injected into the organ.
Treatment and prevention of polyps in the rectum
The main method to get rid of growths in the rectum, is the operational impact on these tumors. Such intervention is the most productive and effective, and the appeal to traditional medicine and the use of medicines does not give the desired result. If the polyps are small, then they are removed already at the stage of diagnosis by the action of the electrode loop.
In the case of the formation of polyps on the walls of the rectum of already solid dimensions, they are cut off in small parts. If a doctor finds cancer cells together with polyps, then the entire affected area is resected. Under resection of the rectum refers to the removal of patients with its areas. This procedure is used for traumatizing its areas, lesions of malignant tumors, the presence of various polyps.
In diffuse polyposis or group detection of polyps, a total resection is performed to the patient, suggesting the integration of the large intestine with the anus. With such a surgical procedure, the rectum is completely removed, followed by ileorectostomy.
With the rapid and timely detection of polyps, as well as their removal, most patients safely recover and return to a full life. Sometimes, after two or three years, various complications can occur in patients at the site of polyps. To avoid this, the doctor must prescribe the patient after the year to undergo a control colonoscopy and systematically examine the areas that have undergone surgery by means of endoscopy. Basically, the frequency of such surveys is appointed every five years.
Polyps develop into malignant stages most often in cases where they have multiple and large manifestations.
Preventive measures to prevent the development of polyps, is the timely treatment of the patient to the doctor in the presence of their signs. Especially it is necessary to monitor the condition of the entire intestine and rectum to older people. Removing polyps in the early stages can significantly reduce the risk of precancerous cells. As a preventive action to prevent the development of polyps in the rectal area is: rational nutrition of a person containing vegetable products and a restriction in the consumption of alcoholic beverages, including those containing small amounts of alcohol.
Especially one should not abuse beer, since the yeast organisms contained in it will contribute to the development of tumor-like processes in the body. Regular exercise and daily dynamic minutes will help to keep the body in good shape and prevent the development of polypous formations in the body. Compliance with these requirements will not only help each of us to prevent the appearance and spread of polyps affecting the walls of the rectum, as well as maintain health for many years.
Detailed information and interesting facts about polyps can be found in the video: