One common reason why people go to dentists is inflammatory gum disease. Pathology gives patients pain, discomfort while eating, violates the aesthetic appearance of the oral cavity. Gum disease is a characteristic symptom of gingivitis, periodontal disease and periodontitis. Why does pathology develop and how should it be treated?
What causes inflammation
What are the causes of inflammation of the gums, and what should be treated at home:
- hormonal imbalance;
- metabolic disease;
- weakened immunity;
- postponed viral or infectious diseases;
- concomitant chronic diseases of internal organs;
- deposits of tartar;
- poor oral hygiene.
If the gum is inflamed, the dentist prescribes the treatment after removing the tartar. Therapy is aimed at treating the affected tissues with ointments, gels, antiseptic rinses, strengthening the immune system. Additionally, you can use folk remedies.
One of the causes of gum inflammation is gingivitis. This disease affects the mucous membranes at the base of the crowns and the interdental papilla. The pathology is characterized by swelling, tenderness, redness, bleeding of tissues during brushing.
Children with teething, young people, and pregnant women often suffer from acute gingivitis. The chronic form of the disease occurs in older people.
Gum inflammation may be limited to a specific group of teeth or affect large areas of mucous membranes.
If the disease progresses, the soft tissues of both jaws may be involved in the inflammatory process. The swelling gradually increases, which can cover the teeth by half.
Treatment of gingivitis at home
If the gum is swollen, sore and the gum is inflamed, what to do than to treat it at home? Eliminate pathogens by rinsing the mouth. To do this, use a solution Chlorhexedna, Miramistina or Chlorophyllipt. If there are no pharmacy tools, you can prepare an antiseptic at home from baking soda and salt. These products can affect bacteria, reducing the inflammatory process. The rinse solution is prepared from half a teaspoon of salt and the same amount of soda, diluted in warm water (200 ml). Procedures are performed 5-6 times a day.
What can cure gum disease and how to reduce pain? For these purposes, you can use a decoction of healing herbs. Chamomile, mint, sage, St. John’s wort, oak bark, calendula flowers relieve inflammation, contribute to the regeneration of damaged epithelium, normalize metabolic processes, saturate the periodontal tissue with vitamins and trace elements.
What remedies for swelling, inflammation of the gums help with gingivitis? Pharmaceutical gels and ointments are used for the local treatment of the mucous membrane. They contain antiseptics, antibiotics, painkillers.
Gels that treat inflammation of the gums:
- Metrogil Dent;
- Heparin ointment.
Preparations are applied to the inflamed areas after brushing and leave for 15–20 minutes. Within 30 minutes should refrain from eating, drinking. Treatment lasts 7–10 days.
Why do gums get sore and sore? The cause of the pathology can be periodontitis. This disease affects the deep tissue of the alveolar process. The inflammatory process causes swelling, bleeding, tenderness of soft tissues. Periodontal pockets are formed, the mucous membranes are peeled from the crowns. Bone tissues atrophy gradually, gums descend, gaps appear between the teeth, their necks and roots become bare.
If the gum is inflamed and for a long time not to go to a doctor, purulent masses start to stand out from the periodontal pockets, the patient’s general state of health worsens, and the body temperature rises. There is a pathological mobility of the teeth.
Treatment of periodontitis at home
How to treat inflammation of the gums in periodontitis, what can be done at home? Treatment of periodontitis begins with the removal of tartar. After that, prescribe antiseptic procedures and application of gels.
At home, it is useful to massage the mucous membranes with a soft toothbrush dipped in a decoction of nut leaves. This plant contains a lot of iodine, which is a good antiseptic. Massage contributes to the normalization of metabolic processes, improves blood circulation in damaged tissues.
How else can gum inflammation be treated? From the leaves of a walnut prepare alcohol infusion. Two tablespoons of fresh plant are crushed and poured 250 ml of vodka. Insist for 21 days in a dark room. The product must be constantly stirred to prevent mold from forming on the surface. The resulting extract wipe mucous membranes 2-3 times a day. It helps to reduce inflammation, pain, swelling, increase blood flow.
How and what to treat sore, swollen gums? Will help decoction of Hypericum perforatum. This plant has anti-inflammatory, astringent, sedative properties, promotes tissue regeneration. Brew a decoction of 2 tbsp. l herbs and 400 ml of water. This tool can be taken orally to strengthen the immune system, rinse their mouth or wipe the gums, make lotions.
What quickly helps from inflammation of the gums, what treatment can be performed at home? If there are no contraindications, you can use Hypericum oil. Useful means greased mucous membranes, make massage. Oil helps to reduce inflammation, speed up healing. In addition, it contains a large amount of useful vitamins, trace elements. Treatment with essential oils is contraindicated if the inflammation of the gums proceeds in a purulent form.
What to do than to treat the gums, if they are severely inflamed and sore? Beekeeping products help effectively. You can use honey, propolis, bee venom in the form of lotions, applications, alcoholic tinctures. These funds are natural antioxidants, remove toxins and decomposition products from inflamed tissues. Honey contains vitamins and microelements necessary for strengthening tissues. You can not use these tools to people who are allergic to the waste products of bees.
How can you quickly cure gums for inflammation? If gum inflammation is concerned, you should visit a dentist. Treatment should begin with the rehabilitation of the oral cavity and the removal of tartar. At home, you can use folk remedies based on herbs, natural products.