The content of the article:
Food with diarrhea, provoked by poisoning
The use of alcohol, food with expiry date, highly effective medicines, smoking mixtures can provoke acute intoxication of the body – a dangerous condition for life and health, accompanied by fever, weakness, cutting pain in the stomach and right hypochondrium, vomiting, liquid stool, hallucinations . If the victim is not helped in time, he may die, so the first thing to do when there are signs of food poisoning is to dial the emergency room: the doctor will tell you how to alleviate the patient’s condition while the team is preparing for departure.
Causes of diarrhea, severe diarrhea, nausea and vomiting
Not all people imagine what kind of health problems can be, if a person has severe diarrhea and vomiting, which diseases can cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and frequent loose stools. Diarrhea accompanied by gagging, may occur in the background:
1 infection with a bacterial or viral infection, severe diarrhea may begin;
2 parasitic invasion;
3 overeating can cause the appearance of liquid stool;
4 eating substandard, expired products, poisonous mushrooms, plants and berries;
5 unbalanced diet;
6 drug overdose;
7 abuse of alcohol products, smoked meats, canned food, fast food, convenience foods, spicy and hot spices and sauces;
8 allergic reaction to substances contained in food or medicine;
9 diseases of the digestive system;
10 consuming large quantities of unprocessed vegetables, berries and fruits;
11 pathology of internal organs;
12 neglect of the rules of personal hygiene.
In children, diarrhea, accompanied by the urge to vomit and fever, may indicate teething: in this case, the intervention of the doctor is not required, since the child is not sick. The only thing that parents should pay attention to is the amount of fluid consumed in the intervals between bouts of vomiting. Vomiting and diarrhea can lead to dehydration of the body: in order to avoid possible complications, it is recommended to feed the child every half hour with warm water and salt.
Diarrhea and diarrhea in food poisoning, the reasons why there is frequent loose stools?
Stale food, water from open sources and that which flows from the tap contain pathogenic bacteria, which, having penetrated into the human body, begin to multiply actively, simultaneously poisoning the organs of the digestive system with the products of their vital activity. The situation with the appearance of diarrhea is exacerbated by an unbalanced diet with a predominance of fried, smoked, spicy, pickled food and convenience foods, as well as the use of alcohol, which eats away damaged organs, causing gastritis, ulcers and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The abundance of toxins and slags forces the body to work in an enhanced mode, which can lead to the appearance of diarrhea in both adults and children. In an effort to get rid of the ballast, he launches a self-cleaning mechanism. Disposal of harmful substances occurs in three ways: through the skin (through increased perspiration and skin rashes), anus (diarrhea) and the oral cavity (vomiting). The fever that occurs with diarrhea also has an important function: it is designed to destroy bacteria that stop growing at high temperatures. Experts do not recommend taking antipyretic and antidiarrheal drugs for diarrhea, provoked by poisoning: medications prevent the removal of toxins and slags, thereby delaying the time of recovery. Doctors advise to support the body in its fight against the invisible enemy by observing bed rest, consuming large amounts of fluid and revising the diet in favor of easily digestible foods.
Symptoms and signs of food poisoning
Infectious and non-infectious poisonings have similar symptoms:
5 skin rashes;
6 frequent, painful urge to defecate, accompanied by the release of liquid stool with admixture of foam, mucus, semi-digested food particles or blood clots;
7 increased gas formation;
8 pain in the stomach;
9 spasms in the intestine;
12 change in color and odor of urine;
13 heart palpitations;
14 swollen lymph nodes;
17 appearance of gray, yellow or white plaque on the tongue;
18 spasms of limbs.
Complications and possible negative effects after food poisoning
Acute or chronic intoxication of the body can lead to undesirable consequences such as:
1 renal and / or liver failure;
2 pancreatitis – inflammation of the pancreas;
3 intestinal dysbiosis;
4 metabolic disorders and blood circulation;
9 partial or complete loss of vision;
10 heart failure;
In order to avoid health problems, it is not recommended to self-medicate: the longer a person postpones a visit to the doctor when such dangerous symptoms as nausea, diarrhea and vomiting occur, relying on folk remedies, the higher the likelihood of complications. Do not risk your health – entrust the treatment of poisoning to specialists.
Products provoking diarrhea and vomiting
What foods provoke diarrhea, which can lead to diarrhea in an adult or a child, what food? Most often, the culprits of food poisoning, accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting, are:
1 dairy and fermented milk products;
5 meat products, in particular, sausages, sausages;
6 unwashed berries, fruits, vegetables and herbs;
7 confectionery stuffed with jam, jam, cottage cheese, butter cream;
10 salads, dressed with mayonnaise or sour cream;
11 products with additives, preservatives, food dyes, flavor enhancers.
If diarrhea and vomiting begin, when it is necessary to seek help from a doctor?
If the following symptoms occur, consult a doctor immediately:
1 frequent urge to vomit and defecation, observed for several days;
2 fever, fever, chills;
3 unbearable pain in the abdomen;
4 severe dizziness;
5 appearance of impurities in feces;
7 delayed response to stimuli;
8 breathing problems;
9 rare urination;
10 difficulty swallowing;
11 color change sclera from white to yellow;
12 convulsive movements of the limbs;
Diet for poisoning, what can you eat if severe diarrhea, nausea and vomiting?
With acute intoxication, a person is hospitalized: in this case, he does not need to worry about nutrition – the hospital menu is compiled taking into account the factors that contribute to the rapid recovery of the body. If there is no need for hospitalization, the responsibility for further actions lies entirely on the victim. During the day from the onset of signs of poisoning, it is recommended to drink as much liquid as possible which has anti-inflammatory and disinfecting properties (compote of dried fruit, currant or blueberry jelly, decoction of rose hips, chamomile tea extract, St. John’s wort, mint or lemon balm, lean broth), and If possible, do not eat anything. Experts warn against drinking freshly squeezed, bottled and packaged juices, mineral water, sugary carbonated drinks, tea and coffee during the recovery period of the body after poisoning: they contain substances that irritate the mucous membrane of the digestive tract.
If diarrhea is accompanied by vomiting, which does not go away after a day of forced starvation, the victim is recommended to add rice porridge and bananas to the diet, effectively eliminating the vomiting reflex. After the disappearance of gagging, you can gradually switch to a sparing food, including liquid oatmeal and rice porridge, boiled in water, dried white bread, boiled vegetables puree, baked fruit, chicken broth. On the third day, natural yogurt or soft low-fat cottage cheese, soft cottage cheese casserole, soft-boiled eggs, steam omelette, and mashed meat are introduced into the menu. On the fourth day, boiled chicken or rabbit meat, steam cutlets, baked or steamed fish of low-fat varieties, bananas are allowed.
The diet is required to be followed for a week or two after the disappearance of the signs of poisoning, after the vomiting has completely stopped, diarrhea and diarrhea have gone, nausea and nausea has passed. All this time, food should be consumed in small portions, chewing thoroughly. Food should not be hot or cold: room temperature is considered the most comfortable for the stomach and intestines. During the recovery period of the digestive system, it is not recommended to use seasonings and sauces, as well as vegetable oil.
What to do, treatment of diarrhea and vomiting in food poisoning
Not all people know how to act, what to do when symptoms and signs of food poisoning appear, if you have frequent loose stools, nausea, nausea, vomiting has begun. The first thing to do when symptoms of food or alcohol poisoning appear is to wash the stomach with a weak (pale pink) solution of potassium permanganate: several potassium permanganate crystals should be dissolved in a liter of warm water and given to the victim. Please note: if the mixture has a rich purple or raspberry hue, it can not be used – the solution is too concentrated, you can get a burn of mucous membranes.
The mixture for the treatment of vomiting and diarrhea by gastric lavage is drunk in several passes. After each drink, the glasses of liquid cause artificial vomiting, pressing the fingertips on the root of the tongue. After the stomach is completely cleared of its contents, an adsorbing agent is taken – activated charcoal (one tablet per ten kilograms of weight), Enterosgel, Smektu, or any other drug sold in pharmacies. In order to prevent dehydration of the body, every hour they drink a glass of salted boiled water or “Regidrona”. As an aid in the removal of toxins, you can use an enema with the infusion of chamomile, burdock root or mint. You can put an enema only after the broth has cooled to room temperature, otherwise you can get a burn of mucous membranes.
Anti-diarrheal and antipyretic drugs prevent the removal of toxins and wastes from the body, therefore, with diarrhea, provoked by poisoning, they cannot be taken. The only drugs that can be used for food and alcohol poisoning are No-shpa or its Russian counterpart Drotaverinum. Drugs eliminate pain and cramps in the intestine, characteristic of the acute form of intoxication. After cessation of vomiting and diarrhea, the doctor may prescribe pro-prebiotics, designed to restore the intestinal microflora. Drink a course of medication is necessary even if the symptoms of dysbiosis are absent: the imbalance of the microflora can not manifest itself, but its consequences can cause a lot of inconvenience to the victim of poisoning.
Eating a child who has suffered from food poisoning, what to do if the child becomes sick, vomits and diarrhea
On the first day after the onset of symptoms of acute food poisoning (vomiting, diarrhea, frequent and painful urge to defecate, fever), the child must be often watered. Kissel, compote from dried fruits, decoction of rice, an infusion of wild rose berries, blueberries or chamomile flowers are the best suited for these purposes. Meals should either be completely eliminated or limited to sparing dishes: lean broth, mashed boiled vegetables or baked fruit, dried in the oven with white bread, divided into small pieces. After the cessation of vomiting and diarrhea, the menu includes liquid porridges – oatmeal, rice, banana and meat puree, natural yoghurt without additives, baked apples and pears.
If the child is breastfed and he has diarrhea, vomiting and nausea, as symptoms of food poisoning, then parents should exclude complementary foods. At the time of treatment of a nursing mother should abandon the usual dishes, preferring dietary products. If the baby is bottle-fed, you need to purchase lactose-free formulas: they are sold in specialized baby food stores and pharmacies.
Treatment of food poisoning, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and diarrhea in children
To alleviate the condition of the child with diarrhea and vomiting affected by food poisoning, you can use a weak, pale pink solution of potassium permanganate, “Regidron” or “Glukosolana”, as well as adsorbing means – activated carbon, “Smekty”. In the presence of cutting pain and cramps in the stomach, you can give the child Papaverine. Getting rid of the heat will help rubdown: to bring down the heat is not recommended, as it contributes to the destruction of pathogenic bacteria. However, it should be remembered that any medicinal product or tablets for nausea, vomiting and diarrhea should be prescribed by the attending physician. That is why it is necessary to promptly seek help from a doctor, especially since diarrhea can be very dangerous to human health and life, especially with severe dehydration in babies.