Remission is a specific stage of the disease when all signs of the disease begin to weaken or completely leave the human body. The term remission is derived from the Latin remissio, which means reduction and weakening.
This process can manifest itself in patients with a wide variety of chronic diseases. There are complete and incomplete remission.
These two concepts differ in the degree of signs of the disease. Incomplete remission lasts about 1–3 months and in most cases aggravates the pathology.
Full remission has a duration of 2 months and several years. For both types of remission, all symptoms of the disease never go away. When full, doctors reduce the dosage of consumed drugs, but at the same time prescribe maintenance therapy.
There are the following types of remission in oncology:
- Partial. She suggests that the malignant process is still in the body, but in small quantities. In other words, the response to the therapy provided is incomplete. Here we are talking about cancer, which are of a chronic nature. The patient can take a break from intensive treatment by constantly checking the presence of malignant cells and maintaining a general condition. Remission is partial even if the tumor has decreased by 50%.
- Complete Remission of this type indicates that tests and diagnostics do not reveal a malignant process. Here we are talking about a complete retreat of cancer. But this does not exempt the patient from the necessary examination, otherwise it will be possible to miss a relapse. When the cancer cells return, it will happen over 5 years. Taking into account this information, the forecast is determined regarding the duration of life of the cancer patient.
- Spontaneous. This type of remission is characterized by an unexpected improvement in the patient’s condition or complete healing of cancer, even progressive. Such diseases include blood cancer, leukemia, melanoma, lymphoma, and breast cancer. If we are talking about carcinoma, then spontaneous remission occurs very rarely.
Full and spontaneous recovery occurs very rarely. In order for all therapeutic measures to have the desired effect, it is necessary to understand how a malignant disease is formed and to prepare at the psychological level in order to fight back the disease at any time.
There are 3 phases of cancer treatment:
- Active therapy. Certain oncological diseases are diagnosed at the peak of the formation of the disease or directly in front of it. The doctor draws up a treatment regimen, which may include the usual methods: surgery, chemo and radiation therapy.
- Remission in oncology is a period during which the neoplasm is significantly reduced in size or its complete disappearance is observed.
- Controlling the pathological process. Despite the fact that there are no obvious signs of a tumor, it is necessary to exert maximum efforts to maintain the state of remission. To this end, it is recommended to undergo a rehabilitation course after aggressive therapy. The doctor prescribes special maintenance drugs and natural medicines. Their appointment takes place individually. Due to this, it is possible to keep the disease in a state of complete remission for an indefinite amount of time.
To improve the prognosis may involve complex therapy. It involves the combination of traditional and auxiliary treatment as a targeted means, hormone therapy or biological effects.
Types of remission for leukemia
For a disease such as leukemia, there is a more accurate gradation of remission. For example, in children with a diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, prolonged remission is very difficult to distinguish from complete recovery.
With the clinical and hematological form of remission, the body leaves all symptoms of the disease, and the composition of the bone marrow and peripheral blood returns to normal. If cytogenetic remission is present, it is impossible to detect cancer cells using the method of cytogenetic analysis.
The course of the disease is divided into 3 steel: mild, moderate and severe. For the easy course of herpes, the occurrence of relapses is extremely rare, and their duration is short. With this form of herpes, no more than 4 relapses develop in a year. If we consider the course of moderate severity, then relapses develop up to 5-6 times a year, and in severe cases – every month.
According to the type of course, herpes is divided into arrhythmic, subsiding and monotonous. For an arrhythmic course, relapses occur after an indefinite length of time. And the longer the remission lasted, the longer the exacerbations will be.
With a monotonous course, remission and relapses replace each other after certain, almost always equal time intervals. For example, if we talk about menstrual herpes, then it is accompanied by monthly rashes during menstruation. For the remitting course of the disease, remission gradually increases, and the duration of relapses decreases. There may be a complete subsidence of the pathological process.
Remission and its duration do not always depend on the methods of therapy used. An important role in this matter is assigned to the patient’s individual mood for healing, faith in one’s strength and the desire to live.