Manifestations of this disease can occur in both adults and children of different ages. They are expressed by the appearance of a local swelling of the dermis and varying severity of wheals. The clinical picture of this disease complements severe itching and skin irritation. The causes of this disease are many, so cases of seeking medical help are not uncommon. To protect yourself from its unpleasant effects, you should study in detail: what is urticaria, photos, symptoms and treatment of this disease.
Knowing all the information about this problem will help not to panic when it detects its signs. You can also find out how to proceed in such a situation, so as not to aggravate their condition.
The content of the article:
Urticaria: photo, symptoms and treatment
The reaction of the skin and the state of health upon detection of a disease depend on the individual characteristics of the human body and its sensitivity to the action of various allergens. Symptom treatment is also individual. It all depends on the nature of the impact of the disease and the age of the patient.
It is very important to know how the urticaria looks. Its signs in the form of skin lesions can be found on all parts of the body. In most cases, the urticaria on the hands is localized, photos of such manifestations are located below.
As you can see, the inflammation of the skin is quite serious and can not be invisible. One of the most unpleasant consequences of the disease is when a rash appears on the face, the photo of which causes horror, especially in the female half of the population. After all, these signs can not be hidden cosmetics, which, in fact, is strictly forbidden to do.
What causes urticaria
So, consider in detail what is the urticaria, from which there is a disease. Often this disease is manifested as a result of allergies to various antibiotics, for example, penicillins, streptomycin, tetracyclines, as well as anti-inflammatory drugs: aspirin, indomethacin. It may occur two weeks after starting treatment with penicillin.
There are also other reasons that indicate what causes the urticaria:
Substances that are in contact with skin for a long time. For example, latex gloves, household chemicals.
Food. Many of them can cause a release of histamine, which will lead to the manifestation of allergic symptoms. Most often it is fish dishes, seafood, nuts, eggs, cow’s milk.
Insect bites, which provoke the occurrence of signs of acute urticaria. Their venom leads to a rash that can persist on the skin for a long time. Therefore, one should beware of bees, wasps and hornets.
Various diseases can serve as a trigger, often this:
- Viral infections: hepatitis, herpes
- Diseases caused by parasites
- Pharyngitis, tonsillitis
- Fungal skin lesions
- Disturbances in the functioning of the intestine and digestive system: gastritis, ulcer
- Hormonal disruptions (pathology may make itself felt after the use of hormonal drugs during ovarian disease)
- Serum sickness
- Rheumatoid arthritis, Lupus erythematosus
- Diseases of the lymphoreticular system
- Malfunctions of the thyroid gland
Physical causes, the most common ones are:
- Frost action
- Sun rays
- Exercise stress
Unexplained reasons. It is believed that in 30-40% of the established facts of the occurrence of permanent signs of the disease, the specific cause of the disease cannot be found. Therefore, specialists traditionally diagnose such patients: the urticaria of an autoimmune nature. That is, they believe that the body produces antibodies to its own receptors and molecules, which leads to the appearance of the disease.
All these causes lead to characteristic skin lesions, and the state of health can also significantly deteriorate.
Signs of urticaria
Many are interested in how the urticaria manifests itself in adults and children, whether symptoms are different depending on age. Experts say that everyone has a disease proceeds almost the same. The only difference is that children often have an acute form of the disease. The main symptom for all is one: sudden rash and blistering. They are often painful. Also note redness, itching, burning.
Bubbles, the appearance of which is characteristic of this disease are dense, their color can be both white and pink. The shape is oval, ring-shaped or irregular, but with clearly defined edges. Such bubbles disappear as quickly as they appear. They are on the body no longer than a day.
It happens that as a sign of illness, it may appear simple reddening of the skin. It is often in the form of frequent rashes or joint blisters, spread over a significant body surface. After their treatment, no scars and scars remain.
How the urticaria looks like can be judged by its name. After all, she got it because of the strong similarity of their signs of skin lesions with irritation after stinging with nettles, the appearance of which many have seen on their bodies more than once.
Additional symptoms that worsen the condition of a person can be:
- Fever (urticaria)
- Difficulty breathing (occurs when pulmonary edema or nasal passages develop)
- Vomiting, diarrhea (with the defeat of the gastrointestinal tract)
- Soreness in the joints
- General weakness
- Sharp drop in blood pressure
- Quincke edema – the most dangerous manifestation of the disease
All these symptoms require immediate medical attention. Qualified doctors will tell you how to get rid of urticaria.
Urticaria: treatment, drugs or how to quickly recover
To find out – how to cure hives once and for all, the patient is enough undergo a thorough examination. It will help the specialist to make a thoroughly verified diagnosis, which will allow to quickly conduct the necessary therapy and develop recommendations, the observance of which allow the patient to never face the disease again and do not fear for their health.
The main goal in the treatment of this disease is considered allergen elimination, which could provoke his appearance. Further therapy depends on the form of the disease. When it is acute (appeared for the first time and instantly), it is not difficult to treat it, if immediately after the onset of the symptoms, an immediate visit to a doctor followed. The result of treatment, in this case, will become noticeable. already in the first two days. In the case of a chronic course of the disease, when the symptoms of urticaria occur repeatedly in a patient over a long period of time, the treatment will be long and may take more than two weeks.
If the manifestations are minor, appeared for the first time, the ingestion of activated charcoal can help. They are able to eliminate the traces of the allergen from the body and stop the process of intoxication. However, the appointment of antibiotics is usually not required.
How difficult is the form that the rash has taken than to treat it, the doctor decides immediately after examining the blood, stool, urine tests and the results of other necessary studies, for example, X-ray.
For treatment often use methods:
- Using folk remedies
- With the appointment of a diet and carefully developed for each case the rules of conduct
Any of these methods is effective with the right choice, and the maximum effect is given by a combination of all the above methods.
Drug treatment involves the use of various drugs. So to eliminate the acute symptoms use:
- Hyposensitizing drugs (these include antihistamines, calcium chloride and gluconate, activated carbon. They help to treat a disease that occurs after taking medicines or eating allergenic products)
- Corticosteroid drugs and adrenaline help relieve particularly serious manifestations of the disease.
- A solution of menthol, calendula, salicylic acid, helps eliminate irritation and discomfort
After identifying an allergen, it is often recommended:
- Hypersensitization (this is a method to reduce the body’s sensitivity to the allergen)
- Removing skin irritation in the form of itching and burning (most often, these manifestations help to remove pills from the urticaria, for example, Tavegil, Suprastin)
- To reorganize the foci of infection (prevention)
- To be examined for the detection of diseases of the stomach and if they are found, perform their treatment
- De-worming (This is a set of measures aimed at eliminating diseases caused by various parasites, for example, worms)
In addition, other treatments are often used for treatment:
- Urticaria ointment (to relieve allergic manifestations, they must be hormonal. They must be selected according to the severity of symptoms and based on the age of the patient)
- Cream (Gistan)
- Allergen absorbing drugs in the patient’s blood (the most popular and safest ones: activated carbon, Smecta)
- Antibiotics (Hyoxysone, tetracycline)
- Gel or paste(for example, Enterosgel. It effectively relieves itching and burning skin)
Even if the signs seem insignificant to you, you should not self-medicate and choose your own drugs. Even the doctor selects them on the basis of various studies to prevent the occurrence of side effects.
Is urticaria contaminated
Noting the extensive signs of this disease in open areas of the body of sick people, many are interested in the question: “Is urticaria infectious or not?” Knowledge of the occurrence of the main types of the disease negatively helps to answer it:
Also, to exclude doubts about whether urticaria is transmitted from person to person, knowledge of the mechanism of the development of this disease helps. From his study it follows that it is an allergic reaction, which appears under the influence of various provocateurs on the skin, nasal passages, digestive system, blood. In response to their action, a large amount of histamine is released, which, by acting, increases the vascular permeability. This causes redness of the skin, the appearance of their swelling, rash.
The debate about whether the urticaria is dangerous or not, whether it is contagious to others, has been going on for a long time. This all happens because there is a form of the disease that develops under the influence of an infectious agent. At the same time signs of urticaria can appear much faster than the symptoms of infection. Dangerous infections can be: ARVI, hepatitis. The fact that rubella will become a consequence of an infectious disease is not necessary. A rash characteristic of the disease will appear only as a result of the individual propensity of the body to react to a particular agent. There is an insignificant probability that this feature will develop in a person who has become infected with an infection. From this it follows that it is impossible to catch urticaria.
Urticaria on face
The occurrence of signs of this disease on the most open part of the body bothers patients. They often have serious complexes regarding their appearance. Besides this, discomfort is also caused by severe itching and burning of the face, his swelling, the appearance of blisters. Treatment of formations that appear on the surface of the face, passes without complications. They pass quickly, without leaving a trace.
Allergic reaction by the type of urticaria is different in that:
- Appears after a short period of time after interacting with the provocateur
- Rashes appear unexpectedly, while the patient’s health is good.
- The nature of the rash is always allergic, associated with itching
Such a disease can occur in an acute form, which can last up to two months. For a chronic course of the disease, the duration is already a few months. If the patient has not resorted to therapy, she may not leave him for several years. Pathology can appear on the surface of the face at any age.
The main features that allow distinguish hives on the face from other diseases, are: itching, tingling, rash with blisters, insomnia, headache, irritability. They also note: high fever, weakness, malaise. A disease whose signs are localized on the surface of the face is dangerous for the development of Quincke edema. Its signs are: hoarse cough, hoarseness of voice, swelling of the tongue (glands, lips, palate), pallor of the skin.
For the removal of urticaria on the face, the same methods and means are used as for other parts of the body.
Urticaria on hands
Appears often due frequent hand contact with irritants, and also due to numerous other causes characteristic of this disease. According to statistics, the acute form of this disease is more common in young people, and women in ages are susceptible to the chronic form in most cases.
The symptoms that occur in the arms are the same as in other parts of the body. They are perfect not contagious, but need urgent treatment, which will prevent further scratching, because it can provoke the occurrence of an additional infection. How to cure a urticaria on the hands of the doctor decides, based on the diagnosed causes and examination of the depth of the skin lesions.
Often to eliminate such a disease anti-allergy drugs are prescribed, medicinal ointment with lavender and kalanchoe. A therapeutic diet may be prescribed, herbal tea recommended for use, which is able to have an anti-inflammatory effect.
Urticaria on legs
In that case, if the spots on this part of the body itch much, then usually such manifestations disappear very quickly. Their appearance may be caused by shaving or hair removal. Short-term symptoms also include the contact of the skin of the feet with chemical irritants, poisonous plants.
The rash in urticaria, the description of which coincides with the main symptoms of this disease, may differ in appearance depending on the time of onset and associated symptoms. Such additional inconveniences can be: sneezing, coughing, fever. To find out the cause of a rash on the legs, you should conduct skin tests and other studies that will help identify the allergen.
Emergency care for urticaria
It happens that the strong manifestations of this disease can provoke severe condition of the patient. You should immediately call an ambulance. In such cases, doctors often have to take the necessary measures directly at the place of the call in order to prevent irreversible consequences.
If a hives suddenly appear in severe form, emergency care should consist of clear actions:
- Immediate exclusion of resuming interaction with irritant, if installed
- If the urticaria develops on the background of a bite by insects, apply a tourniquet. Tighten it should be slightly above the bite.
- Mezaton or Adrenaline is injected intramuscularly or intravenously, Noradrenaline is also suitable.
- When pressure normalizes, antihistamines are administered.
- Symptomatic treatment is performed.
If everything is done correctly, the symptoms of the disease will immediately begin to recede: the patient turns pale, itching and rash disappear. When this does not happen, the patient is hospitalized.
Urticaria, treatment of folk remedies
Disease elimination with traditional medicine is possible. Oddly enough, nettle is considered the raw material for effective treatment of this disease.
Deformation of the skin, which causes hives, how to treat them at home with the use of folk remedies has long been known to those who have already experienced such a disease.
They recommend doing:
Drink with a string. It is also brewed as tea, pouring boiling water and waiting for 20 minutes. They should replace all the usual daily drinks.
Tincture, which is very easy to prepare from nettle. Need a tablespoon of dried flowers of this plant pour 200 ml. boiling water. Then you should cover the dishes with the medicine with a cloth, leave for 30 minutes, and then strain. It should be drunk half a glass several times a day (4-5).
Lotion with nettles. To make for them the desired composition, you need to put 30 grams in a saucepan. leaves of the plant, pour two cups of water and wait for boiling. Then reduce the heat, wait 3 minutes, remove the dishes and leave to cool for 60 minutes. Next, strain everything. Such gadgets can apply several times per day.
Often recommended to relieve itching water shower. Based on the causes of the disease and associated symptoms, it can be cold in one case and hot in the other.
Mint infusion. It is valued for its remarkable soothing properties, as well as for the fact that it has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the alimentary tract. To make it, you need to brew mint leaves with boiling water and drink throat several times a day.
How to treat urticaria at home, can give many tips from popular practice. Recipes of the most common, excellent for local therapy:
- Urticaria ointment on the skin (it is able to quickly eliminate the signs of the disease. For its preparation, you should chop the head of garlic and pour two cups of boiling water to it. Then boil everything until half the liquid is evaporated. Next, remove the solution from the heat, add a glass of oil to it ( vegetable or olive) and a small amount of beeswax, mix. Apply this ointment to clean, affected skin several times a day. Keep it in the refrigerator)
- Soothing irritated skin paste (You need to mix 3 tablespoons of soda, a large spoonful of water and the same amount of vegetable oil. All the ingredients are mixed and applied to areas of irritation repeatedly, all day)
Carefully choose a home remedy. Prefer those that do not contain substances that aggravate the disease. Before using them you need to consult a doctor.
Allergy Diet Urticaria
To pick up products for drawing up the list which approaches for treatment, the doctor has to. From this list follows exclude those set as allergens, caused the disease.
Gradually, you can eat butter, lamb, bananas, carrots, onions, garlic. With the periodic occurrence of the disease, the popular diet No. 5 is recommended, which limits the consumption of fat, salt and fluids.
Popular dishes allowed for this disease
To make it you need to take: 3 peeled potatoes, 2 pieces of leek, 2 large spoons of olive oil, a little salt, water. Oil should be poured into the pan, followed by chopped finely white part of the onion. Stew it over low heat until transparent. Then add the potato cut into squares and continue stewing for another 5 minutes. Then add 500 ml to the pan. boiling water, salt and cook for 15 minutes. When the potatoes can be easily pierced with a fork, the contents of the pan should be chopped with a blender. Directly before a meal, you can sprinkle the soup with greens.
Macaroni with apple or cheese sauce.
Pasta durum wheat should be cooked the same way as usual. For cheese sauce, a large spoonful of butter and twice as much cream are heated in a suitable container. To these should be added two large spoons of non-sharp grated cheese and mix everything up to a uniform consistency. To prepare the apple sauce, two apples should be freed from the skin and seeds, cut them into pieces and cover with water. Then they must be put on fire, and when they are softened, grind into mush. Sugar and a little bit of cinnamon should be added there, put on the fire again and boil for a while, stirring constantly.
Diets patients must adhere to not less than four weeks. Only after the complete disappearance of symptoms, it is allowed to consistently, in small portions, add to the menu food from products that were previously strictly prohibited. The only exceptions are those that can cause a relapse of the disease. It is also advised to make special records in which all the foods eaten and the reaction of the skin to them will be recorded.
The main thing in keeping the diet is not only eating foods from the list and excluding provocateurs from the diet, but also proper preparation. It is necessary to cook food mainly steamed and using roasting.
Can I swim at the hives
Due to the fact that this disease is characterized by allergic manifestations, it is believed that bathing can provoke adverse reactions on the skin. But despite this, the question: is it possible to wash at the urticaria, the doctors answer in the affirmative. This is due to the fact that completely abandoning water procedures for the time of illness, infection of the rash can occur. It can lead to serious complications and suppuration.
People suffering from this disease should be regularly hygienic procedures by washing. The only condition is compliance with the rules.
Key recommendations to follow:
- Wash with warm water, within 37 degrees (this will help prevent itching and further progression of the rash. During the entire exacerbation phase, contact with both hot and cool water should be avoided)
- Take a bath once a week, and you can use the shower daily (the duration of the water should be limited to 20 minutes)
- Means used for hygiene should not provoke allergic manifestations (The optimal solution in this situation is considered the use of special tools for the body, designed with all of the features of the disease. They are hypoallergenic, differ in antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect)
- Exposure to scouring pads and scrubs
- After the procedure, it is necessary to dry the skin well, blotting it with a clean towel. (use rubbing is strictly prohibited!)
- After a shower, apply a nourishing, emollient cream to the skin.
Specialists also note good effect of sea water on the skin of the patient. It helps in removing the itching and irritation, the disappearance of the rash. But before you go swimming in the sea, you should consult with your doctor. He will give the necessary recommendations based on the diagnosed type of urticaria. Also often the effects of seawater are prohibited during the exacerbation period.
Often patients are interested in: Is it possible to go to the bath at the urticaria?The answer to this question depends on the factors that caused the disease. In the case when the disease was triggered by drugs or physical factors, visiting the bath is allowed. For other types, such visits should be temporarily canceled. For carrying out water procedures in the bath, it is recommended to use various infusions that have antipruritic and antiallergic properties, for example, with the use of nettle, chamomile.
The collected information fully answers the question: What is urticaria and how to treat it? After examining it, you should carefully monitor your health and in time to detect signs of the disease and seek help from a doctor.
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