The ankle joint, another name for which is the ankle, is a complex articulation of three bones that maintain a person in an upright position. What should I do to ankle not swollen, after, for example, lady in high heels sprained foot or bruise occurred?
A sedentary lifestyle leads to a weakening of the articular apparatus; therefore, when walking, it is more difficult to maintain stability in the joint: the leg turns on slippery ice, the articular head comes out of the bag, dislocation occurs. To avoid this, you need to do gymnastics!
At home, gymnastics can always be performed. Walk around the apartment on the outside or inside of the foot, do a sock stretch when sitting in front of the TV, do not forget to rotate your feet in a circle. In the summer, go barefoot on pebbles, grass, sand. Scatter small items on the floor (for example, buttons) and collect them with your feet. Even if you work at a table at home, then roll your feet with a bottle or dumbbells.
High or low loads, bruises, icing, diseases of the musculoskeletal system – causes dislocation, subluxation or sprained ankle. High heels are also the cause of complaints in girls: “I twisted my leg!”. The articular ligaments, the synovial fluid, the articular surface, the pressure in the articular cavity, the articular sac are all involved in a strong connection of the bones. These factors lead to disruption of the integrity of the articular apparatus.
The victim will certainly notice several symptoms.
- First of all, a person complains that he is in pain.
- Mobility is absent or limited (the duration of the symptom depends on the type of damage).
- Leg swollen.
- Redness, blue skin around and above the joint.
- The presence of wounds, scratches, abrasions, bleeding.
First aid to the victim
If a person sprains his leg or bruises, it is not necessary to determine what kind of injury in the joint, you must immediately call an ambulance. This is due to the fact that the symptoms of dislocation, subluxation, sprain and bruise are similar to each other. A damaged joint must be checked on X-rays to exclude the presence of a closed fracture, to check the condition of the articular ligaments and the location of the bones. In a medical facility, a dislocation will be applied to an armband for fixing the ankle.
Be sure to calm down, do not be nervous. No matter where the victim is, you need to ensure his peace and not step on the injured leg, even if the patient says: “I can walk!”. Place your foot on a roller at home or indoors. Treat your skin before applying a splint or dressing. If there is no damage, just a bruise, then remove dirt or dust with water, a dry cloth. For wounds, use hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, iodine, brilliant green.
When a person is in a remote area, it is not possible to call an ambulance or visit a doctor. In this case, make an improvised tire that will provide immobility (immobilization). For this purpose, suitable plate, stick, any means at hand.
How to immobilize?
If the leg is swollen, a bandage is made for the joint, which will prevent the spread of edema to the ankle. You can bandage with gauze, a special elastic or a simple bandage, a handkerchief, improvised means. You need to start over the joint in a circle, then go to the foot, wrapping it transversely, then returning to the ankle in an eight-shaped stroke. Each movement is repeated twice, at the end fasten the bandage. When fixing the leg, be sure to leave your fingers visible: their blue spots indicate too tight a bandage and a small amount of incoming blood.
Methods of pain relief
To ease the condition, use ice after injury, if possible, do not forget to do cold compresses. Apply a towel or other soft material, moisten it in cold water, apply to the joint. Hold for ten minutes, then remove for ten minutes. You can alternate for an hour. The cold slows down the movement of blood and lymph in the vessels, reduces the sensitivity of the receptors, acting as an anesthetic of first necessity when the leg is twisted.
If the victim is in pain, give an anesthetic: Nise, Ketoral, Analgin. Anti-inflammatory and analgesics are useful for joints: Celecoxib, Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, Troxevasin.
It is obligatory to consult a doctor, he will evaluate the X-ray data and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
What to do after first aid?
Regeneration of articular structures is long, so be patient. As long as possible, try to maintain peace for the joint, otherwise excessive mobility can lead to re-dislocation. Removal of pain can continue to apply the same dressing, massage, iodine net, warm baths and rub warming ointment. After removing the splints, practice the exercises to develop the ligaments. Girls probably prefer the procedure with sea salt before bed to relieve pain. Dip your foot in the bath with sea salt for ten minutes, the duration of the course – ten days.
When medical care is provided in time, the treatment of the joint is not delayed for a long time.