Causes of a bad cold
The reasons for which may appear strong runny nose, a little. Such a condition can manifest for the following reasons: allergic, infectious, mixed. The degree of manifestation of a runny nose may depend on a certain set of factors: the mechanisms for starting the disease state (the causes that caused it, allergy, or infection). Reactivity of the mucous membrane (which is the response of the organism to environmental influences). The general state of the body’s immune system.
As a rule, a bad cold is associated with vasomotor rhinitis, characterized by pronounced symptoms, very tight breathing through the nose, difficulties in alleviating this condition, which can only be done with the help of medical devices. If there is a bad cold, it is advisable to consult a specialist in this area: a pulmonologist or an allergist.
It is important not to forget that in order to cure a severe runny nose of vasomotor origin, one should establish the real reason why it arose. Treatment in this case does not imply a standard set of medicines, but is selected individually.
Severe runny nose and cough
Quite often a bad cold is accompanied by a cough. At the same time, an increased temperature is not necessarily present – it may not rise above the normal level. Such a combination is often the result of a cold or a condition caused by exposure to an infection. Such manifestations are eliminated with the help of a set of measures available to everyone.
- a couple cups of tea with raspberries, lemon or honey. However, it is important to understand that tea should not be too hot in order not to burn the nasopharynx. For medicinal purposes it is good to use milk with honey and half a teaspoon of soda.
- availability of bed rest, at least for two days.
- Before going to bed, rub your feet thoroughly with ointment in order to warm up properly, use pepper plaster or wool socks with mustard powder inside.
Very often, a strong cough in combination with a runny nose is the result of hypothermia, so during the cold season it is necessary to think over your wardrobe before going out to avoid subsequent unpleasant conditions. This is especially true of children of primary school age and even younger.
Severe runny nose and fever
If a severe runny nose with high fever manifests itself in a child, this condition is a serious cause for concern, since you can talk about a disease caused by exposure to the virus. The presence of high temperature indicates the body’s attempts to independently combat the inflammatory process. It should be brought down quite carefully – if at 37.7 the child feels bad, it is necessary to give him a febrifuge, if at 38.2 he feels acceptable, you can refrain from any measures. Heat churning should be performed at least twice a day for no more than three days. If after this any tangible changes do not occur, you should consult a doctor, because there is all evidence of the seriousness of the situation.
In the treatment of rhinitis, accompanied by high fever, you can use not only pharmacy medicines, but also apply proven folk remedies.
In cold water, you can dilute one to two vodka or alcohol, and then wipe your wrists, armpits, areas under your knees and hands. After that, you can fan yourself with a towel so that the alcohol will evaporate. After that, you can give the patient a hot drink every thirty minutes. If we are talking about a baby, no more than one teaspoon.
Severe runny nose without fever
If there is a severe runny nose, but the temperature does not rise, it seems that an allergic disease occurs. In this case, the position of the patient is facilitated by the use of activated carbon. It can in no way harm, but the help from it is essential if you take it at the rate of one tablet per ten kilograms of live weight. Take activated charcoal should be on an empty stomach. In the event that relief comes in the morning, we can talk about allergies, therefore, you should contact an expert in this field for a consultation. If there is no effect from the use of activated carbon, it is necessary to go to the clinic, to see a therapist.
In the event that a severe runny nose in the absence of temperature is combined with a wet cough, we can talk about the penetration of the infection into the body. The truth is a variant in which the cough occurs as a result of a nervous breakdown or in the room too dry air. Allergies, of course, also should not be discounted. Good for the night to cook potatoes in uniforms and steamed it. Wraps from the same potato or alcohol are quite effective.
We should not forget that it is very difficult to recognize and accurately identify an infectious disease. It is very difficult to carry out therapy for this disease due to the fact that patients seek help from a doctor when an ailment takes on a rather advanced form. It is best, of course, not to bring this to the forefront, and to consult a specialist for timely assistance.
Intense sneezing and runny nose
Do not rush to self-diagnose yourself, since severe sneezing and runny nose can be symptoms of many diseases, among which stand out: flu, allergies, rhinoinfection. It is also possible that the whole thing is in good immunity. The exact definition of the final version depends on auxiliary factors, which will be discussed below.
Irritations of the nasal mucosa are manifested through rapid breathing and a runny nose. The following factors can cause it:
- physical stimuli (such as dust) or chemicals that react with the air;
- allergic reactions;
- respiratory tract infections;
- viral diseases such as cold or flu.
In the case of chemical reagents, everything is clear – sleep occurs in a room with poor ventilation, and work in very adverse conditions or the nasal passage is not cleaned before going to bed. One has only to eliminate the irritating factors and the disease will disappear. The same can be said about allergies – elimination of its source, coupled with the use of antihistamines, will correct the situation to a more favorable one.
If there is a strong sneezing in combination with a runny nose, with watery eyes, but no fever, you should try to independently assess the likelihood of getting the flu, cold or ARVI. Sometimes it happens that the body on its own begins to confront a disease that can not be detected. This explains the fact that by the time a rhinitis appears, the body has already coped with the source of the infection, and the temperature has returned to normal. This means that it is no longer necessary to take any measures to eliminate the disease. Enough only conducts gargle of the sinuses and throat.
However, unfortunately sometimes it happens that flu, rhinoviruses, and allergies are taken for manifestations of a cold. Since all of these diseases are accompanied by inflammation of the nasal mucosa, sneezing and runny nose, it is easy to make a mistake. Traditional methods of treatment are powerless in confronting these diseases, so special medical devices are required, which the doctor has the right to prescribe. A visit to him is best not to delay.
In addition to sneezing and running nose, there is a possibility of such a sharp deterioration in well-being that any delay can be very expensive. Every year there are all new viruses, which are numerous and against which the body has not yet had time to develop an immune defense. Consequently, the sooner an appeal is made to a competent medical specialist, the greater the likelihood of accurate diagnosis and the appointment of qualified medical care.
Severe runny nose, what to do?
First of all, you should find out what factors provoked the appearance of a bad cold. If it is a viral infection, therefore, it is necessary to conduct a long-term complex therapy. It involves the following medications:
- immunostimulants and immunomodulators that significantly strengthen the body’s protective resources and help stop the spread of pathogenic cells;
- ascorbic acid and all sorts of vitamins. Preparations of this kind contribute to the normalization of metabolic processes, give a sensitive antioxidant effect;
- antihistamine drugs. Effectively eliminate allergic rhinitis or recurrent hay fever;
- medicines, which are directed specifically against a particular virus. They delay the mutation of healthy cells as a result of infection, guarantee the destruction of the virus itself.
Preparations of the first and last group from this list are often produced in a combined form. Viferon, cycloferon and interferon have proven to be the most effective of them.
Severe runny nose how to treat?
If there is an urgent need for the treatment of a bad cold in the shortest possible time, it makes sense to use for this purpose medicines in the form of drops, solutions of drugs. The fastest runny nose can be most quickly and effectively treated with vasoconstrictor drugs, such as: naphthyzine, fazin, xylometzoline, nokspray, for tear, tezin, xymelin, nazivin and others. It should be remembered that such drugs are addictive, which is why they should not be used for more than a week. Drops with an immunomodulation effect proved to be effective in treating the common cold, in parallel with which homeopathic medicines such as synupret, viburcol, aflubin, and ocillococcinum are allowed.
In addition, non-traditional means of traditional medicine showed high efficiency in the treatment of rhinitis. As a rule, their action is based on antiseptic and vasoconstrictor action. The following natural remedies are especially effective:
- boiled water with honey in a ratio of one to one;
- tincture derived from chamomile or calendula flowers;
- boiled Hypericum grass;
- freshly extracted aloe leaf juice;
- juice obtained by boiling beets.
Any of the listed compositions should be instilled one or two drops into each nostril no more than four times a day, if more, then irritation may occur. In order to thoroughly wash the mucous membranes of the nose and facilitate the removal of the masses, you can use a salt solution. For its preparation requires one teaspoon of salt per glass of water.
In addition, traditional medicine strongly recommends taking drugs with a high content of vitamin C to prevent the onset of a runny nose, in order to maintain the antioxidant effect and strengthen the immunity of the whole body.
Antibiotics for a bad cold.
In the event that the onset of a bad cold is triggered by a bacterial infection, antibiotics may be prescribed for medicinal purposes. In order to reliably and accurately determine which microorganisms caused the disease, a symptom of which is a runny nose, it is necessary to take a swab from the nose. You also need to know the sensitivity of these microorganisms to a specific set of drugs against microbes.
The use of antibiotics for the treatment of rhinitis is advisable only in the case when the accession of a pathogenic infection takes place. Simply put, they should be used only when rhinitis becomes chronic and the inflammatory process spreads to the sinuses.
Inflammatory process in the sinuses almost always requires treatment with antibiotics? since inflammations of this kind are caused by infections of bacterial origin.
Severe runny nose in adults
It is useful for everyone to have a clear understanding of how to properly treat a strong cold in an adult. It is important to treat the disease in a timely manner, in order to avoid all sorts of complications, developing as a result of transferred rhinitis. These can be otitis, sinusitis, manifested as a lesion of the sinuses in the space around the nose, pneumonia, pharyngitis, more commonly known as inflammation of the pharynx, and also bronchitis.
Before you proceed directly to the treatment of rhinitis, you should accurately understand the cause of the disease. First of all, the source of the disease should be eliminated, since simply eliminating the head cold will not solve any problem – after some time the disease will return, as if it did not disappear anywhere.
In order to correctly treat a runny nose in adults, it is necessary to use drugs and treatment methods that correspond to specific stages of the development of the disease. Only then is it possible to competently conduct therapy against rhinitis, which allows to avoid undesirable consequences.
For the correct treatment of rhinitis and other symptoms of infectious diseases, knowledge of the direction and strength of the action of drugs is required. In pharmacies of today’s large city there is no shortage of medicines that can effectively eliminate any discharge from the nasal cavity.
Severe runny nose during pregnancy
Infection often causes a severe runny nose at various stages of pregnancy. It often happens that after the disease has passed, the nose suddenly stops working. Among the other causes of a runny nose during pregnancy, there are various tumors, both benign and malignant, adenoids, and in addition there may be a dislocation of the septum inside the nose. In any case, only a specialist in this field can determine the exact cause of what is happening, as well as assign a competent and effective treatment, after an appropriate examination is carried out. Since we are talking about a pregnant woman, the most important issue is the need to cure her of the cold, without causing harm to the unborn child.
The treatment can be carried out with drops for the narrowing of blood vessels, which are widely presented in pharmacies today. Reception should be made carefully and in small doses, they influence the condition of the woman favorably. The use of such drops is limited to five days and should be taken three times a day. It must be remembered that the drops for the narrowing of blood vessels dry the nasal mucosa, as a result of which nasal bleeding can begin, which is already peculiar to a pregnant woman. Therefore, a strong cold during pregnancy should be treated carefully and carefully.