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First of all, you need to establish the reasons for the change. Edema in the area of the knee arises as a result of a bruise, sprain, or other type of injury, and also becomes a manifestation of a chronic disease. Treatment for tumors of the knee joint is assigned depending on the cause of the change that has appeared.
Factors decide everything?
Arthritis or another disease can affect the appearance of swelling, but in this case there is not only a knee tumor, but also a number of other changes associated with inflammation of the articular tissues. It:
- redness of the skin over the affected area;
- crunch in the joint when moving;
- impaired mobility.
However, if arthritis develops, pain and redness are observed in several areas, and not only in the area of the knee joint. In order to prescribe treatment, it is necessary to determine exactly which disease has to be dealt with, because arthritis can be rheumatoid, gouty, deforming, or post-traumatic, so examination will be required.
If there is pain on the inside of the knee, then the reasons may be hiding not only in this area, but also above it, in the area of the hip joint, when a person instinctively tries to give the leg a different, unnatural position for it to reduce the load on the hip. The discomfort on the inside of the knee joint may be associated with damage to the spinal joints. Often, pain arising from the inside of the knee is associated with salt deposition, but the causes should be sought in poor blood circulation on the part of the vessels feeding the cartilage tissue and the development of deforming arthrosis.
Pain and edema below the knee joint result from trauma, as well as evidence of a number of diseases, and this may be thrombosis, arthritis, heart attack, liver or kidney disease. Since in these cases serious complications are possible, when symptoms appear, it is recommended to undergo treatment, in which therapy is directed to neutralize the main
Medical intervention is required, if the edema captures the area above the knee by 5–7 cm, the pain is also localized above the joint and does not decrease. Such signs indicate cyst formation. Moreover, the cyst itself can be located both on the inside of the joint and on the outside, and with such a lateral arrangement, the appearance of swelling during the flexion of the leg is characteristic, and after the extension the swelling is almost imperceptible.
If discomfort appears on the inside, above or below the knee, it is a reason to consult a doctor, but sometimes the edema on the leg appears, but nothing in his area hurts. There have been cases when, after an injury, a complete treatment was not carried out, which led to fluid accumulation. When the fluid accumulates in large quantities, it presses on the patella and on the tissue below the knee, which causes changes in the joint, in the patella, and in the vital activity of the entire musculoskeletal system. Arthritis can also contribute to the development of this process.
Treatment for a swollen knee
Initially, as a first aid, it is recommended to use an elastic bandage to reduce the swelling that has arisen, for example, on the inner side of the joint, above or below it. Its first turns should fall on the area located below the affected area, and then the turns go to the knee and end above it, depending on the spread
It has been proven that with the help of chemicals one can relieve the symptoms, but to restore the joints, their elasticity and mobility, physiotherapeutic procedures, exercise therapy, methods of traditional medicine, and proper nutrition are needed. So, experts often recommend the use of therapeutic mud, rich in minerals and useful elements that can improve blood circulation in the joints. It helps to reduce symptoms and slow down the development of the disease as well as shock wave therapy, but this method should be supported by others. Good help is provided, for example, by exercises for fingers on lifting small objects from the floor, alternating tension and relaxation of the fingers, circular rotations with the legs while sitting on a chair.
They help relieve puffiness compresses from horsetail tincture. The plant is considered a natural analgesic, a source of antioxidants that can relieve inflammation, increase bone density and block the growth of any tumors, and also contribute to the production of collagen required for connective tissues. Preparing the tincture of 50 g of grass and 500 ml of cooled boiled water for a day, and it can be used not only for compresses, but also for baths and for washing
If the knee is swollen, it hurts badly or is tolerable, you should consult a doctor. The specialist will prescribe treatment, and if this is done on time, the symptoms will disappear and the pathological process will stop or at least slow down. Otherwise, surgery will be required, and disability is possible during the running conditions. In the early stages of the disease it can be prevented.