During breastfeeding, there are significant changes in the hormonal background of women, which entail changes in her health. It is during this period that a thrush on the nipples of the photo may occur which can be viewed below. This is an extremely unpleasant disease that can spoil the joy of communicating with a child.
How to recognize candidiasis on the nipples?
Thrush on the nipple, in contrast to fungal infections of other organs, such as the vagina, does not have such a severe clinical picture. Recognizing it is usually more difficult than other types of candidiasis, including due to the fact that there can be no white plaque, due to which the disease got its name.
But often, chest pain after childbirth can occur for other reasons. In addition, many women complain that feeding the child is painful, claiming that this is normal, so candidiasis can not always be suspected.
Changes in appearance, which causes candidiasis of the nipples, do not always allow non-specialists to suspect a fungal disease. Small bright red spots, cracks, swelling, and crusts appear on them, which are difficult to heal without treatment. White bloom, characteristic of candidiasis in other areas, is often not formed.
Often you run to the toilet?
What is dangerous fungal disease?
Thrush when breastfeeding is dangerous not only for the mother, but also for the baby. The baby, feeding on breast milk, becomes infected with pathogenic fungi that live on the skin of the nipple, and its immune system is not strong enough to resist them. Therefore, the baby develops oral candidiasis.
Fungal disease in the child’s mouth caused by the mother’s thrush with thrush is manifested by the fact that the baby begins to eat worse (sucking becomes painful for him), as a result, it adds less weight and is more capricious.
If you look into the oral cavity of the infant, then you will see a white raid on the gums, palate, tongue. This plaque is easily removed with a cotton swab, and under it becomes visible red inflamed mucosa.
If you do not treat thrush on the nipples on time, it is possible for the fungal infection to spread in the child’s body, it may cause not only oral cavity candidiasis, but also other organs – skin folds, pharynx, eyes, and in severe cases – larynx or candidal sepsis. In this case, the child requires long-term treatment.
Another consequence of thrush on the nipples for the mother is the spread of the infection. Constant itching and scratching caused by it contribute to the appearance of mycosis of the nails and skin of the fingers, and from infected hands the infection spreads to other areas of the skin and mucous membranes. Conjunctiva of the eye, oral mucosa and genital organs are particularly susceptible in this regard.
Causes of illness
Thrush on the chest occurs as a consequence of the violation of normal skin microflora. Candida fungi are conditionally pathogenic microorganisms that inhabit the skin and mucous membranes. Thrush thrush occurs when there are more fungi than should be normal. The reasons for such violations quite a lot.
The most common cause of candidiasis of the mammary glands is hormonal changes in a woman’s body. In pregnancy, immunity decreases, which prevents the mother’s immune system from interfering with the development of the fetus. After birth, the restoration of immunity is far from instantaneous. For this reason, chronic diseases, including infectious ones, are activated.
Diseases of the immune system can also manifest as nipple thrush. Since this particular area is subject to constant injury during breastfeeding, various lesions arise precisely here.
Breast thrush with breastfeeding, combined with mycosis on the skin, genitals, mouth and
Treatment of thrush on the nipples should begin with a detailed survey of the woman, finding out how the pregnancy proceeded, examining the condition of the mammary glands, identifying the pathologies of the immune system and hormonal levels. If the patient suffers from candidiasis of the genital organs, her husband also needs to be examined and treated.
Diagnosis and treatment of thrush on the nipple should be carried out under the guidance of a doctor. First of all, you need to find out whether candidiasis is the result of any serious illness. If this is so, then therapy is necessary for the underlying disease that manifests itself in candidiasis of the nipples, and only after that – treatment of mycosis.
If the main problem is thrush on the nipples, the treatment is quite simple. It necessarily includes a number of hygienic measures:
- It is necessary to keep the breast clean, to take a shower regularly.
- It is recommended to wash your hands and chest before each feeding.
- A cotton bra should be worn outside the feeding.
To feed the baby, if breast candidiasis is diagnosed, it is possible, but it is necessary to refuse feeding of expressed milk – Candida will actively multiply in it, which will harm the baby.
The use of inserts in the bra, not allowing the flow of milk, it is desirable to stop at the time of treatment. If thoracic thrush is diagnosed during breastfeeding, treatment is necessary for both the mother and the child, even if the baby seems healthy.
Drugs for thrush on the mammary glands for HB are creams containing antifungal substances. Of the most frequently used – Candid cream (clotrimazole), Monistat (miconazole), nystatin ointment (nystatin), Pimafucin cream (natamycin). They must be applied after feeding, after washing the chest (without soap).
For infants assigned to the solution Candide (clotrimazole), which is processed oral cavity. This should be done after feeding, so that the solution will stay on mucous longer. In addition, nystatin drops can be used, which are also given to the child after feeding.
A thrush on the mammary glands with HB, whose symptoms have not yet manifested in a baby, can be treated with folk remedies. One of the most popular recipes is wiping the nipples and mouth of a child with soda solution.
Soda concentration is one teaspoon per glass of water. The liquid is applied to the skin and mucous with a cotton pad or swab. If within 3-4 days of treatment in this way, the condition of the mother and baby has not improved, and even more so if deterioration has occurred, you should immediately consult a doctor.
General recommendations for prevention
To avoid candidiasis during pregnancy and after it, a woman needs to be examined and treated for infections of the genital tract at the planning stage of pregnancy. During pregnancy and lactation you need:
- lead a healthy lifestyle;
- to walk outside;
- avoid stress;
- make major changes to the diet.
The use of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli will be useful – they will help to avoid many health problems, including thrush of the mammary glands during breastfeeding, the symptoms of which were described above. It is also important to observe hygienic norms, since they do not allow creating favorable conditions for candidates.
Thrush on nipples often occurs after childbirth. Dealing with it, if noticed in time, is quite easy, and in most cases it is not an obstacle to breastfeeding. It is important to start treatment in time to avoid infecting the baby. At the same time, medical procedures are necessary for both the mother and the child, and if a woman has candidiasis of the genital tract, then her husband too.
Olga: I had chronic thrush — one just needs to eat sweet, take antibiotics, or make love with my husband and again these terrible symptoms! Doctors prescribed various pills, from which there was no sense. Oh, how much I tried everything – it helped, but not for long. Finally, I recovered, strengthened my immune system, and all thanks to this article. Half a year has passed since the last relapse. Anyone who has a thrush – I recommend to read a must! Read the full article