Preparations for cystitis in women
Since cystitis in women is most often caused by bacterial microflora, antibiotics are primarily used. One tablet of such a drug usually contains a loading dose of the active ingredient. The result is a bactericidal and / or bacteriostatic effect on pathogens. It is especially important that the drug is quickly dissolved in the stomach and accumulated in the urinary system.
It should also be borne in mind that often these medicines have a fairly extensive list of contraindications, including children’s age and pregnancy. But there are also such medicines that can be used once in the case of pregnancy, and for children.
What are the pills that are taken once, you can drink with cystitis? Basically, there are three groups of active components, which tend to act locally on the urinary tract. The maximum concentration is usually achieved in a matter of hours, and the effect lasts for several days from the moment of administration. Key representatives:
- Phosphonic acid derivatives (Monural).
- Fluoroquinolones (Levofloxacin).
- Cephalosporins (Cefixime, Cefuroxin).
These medicines can destroy bacterial microflora.
Monural is an antibiotic for cystitis that contains fosfomycin. The drug is inherently the most powerful antibacterial drug that provokes the massive death of pathogens. As a result, they are safely eliminated by the urinary system, and the symptoms of the disease quickly subside and disappear.
The drug has a wide spectrum of action, it destroys the most common types of bacteria that provoke the disease. There is also an anti-adhesive effect, due to which the agent prevents the attachment of pathogenic microflora to the epithelium of the bladder and urinary tract. According to the research, it became clear that to obtain the maximum therapeutic effect in case of inflammation of the bladder, only one dose is sufficient. Given the characteristics of the drug and its analogues, such therapy is not only convenient, but also effective and cost-effective. The price of Monural for cystitis in women (one antibiotic package) is on average 350-500 rubles.
It should be borne in mind that the accelerated treatment regimen for cystitis is used in situations where mild cystitis is diagnosed. If the symptoms of the pathology do not disappear after a day, then a second dose of Monural from cystitis is prescribed. After taking the drug twice, the result is the same as after a two-week course of treatment with classic antibiotics.
This medication has other advantages besides quick action and economic benefits. Monural cystitis can be used in therapy in pregnant women, as well as in children, as it does not provoke fetal development disorders and does not cause genetic changes.
The medicine is used for oral administration. After entering the gastrointestinal tract, the tablet quickly resolves, accumulating in the urine. The maximum concentration is expected in 2 hours. But at the same time the necessary level of the active component is maintained in the urinary system for another two days. And only after that about 90% of the drug will be excreted in the urine, and the remaining 10% – in the feces.
The tool has shown excellent results on research. Cystitis in women was eliminated by them quickly and without negative consequences. But at the same time, doctors warn that, as a separate tool, this medicine is not used in the treatment of inflammation of the bladder. Therefore, you should take time and visit the urologist for consultation on the subject of full therapy. The instruction to Monuralu says that, despite all the positive aspects of the medicine, it has some side effects. Among them:
To quickly eliminate adverse symptoms from the gastrointestinal tract, it is enough to drink more water. But the allergic reaction is better to suppress antihistamine drugs. If we talk about absolute contraindications, then these are renal failure, age up to 5 years and individual hypersensitivity.
It is also worth noting that the drug is not used to treat the chronic form of the disease, since in such cases its action is not enough. To determine the most optimal course of therapy, you need to contact your urologist for diagnosis and appropriate appointments.
Reviews of Monurale in women with cystitis have shown its high efficiency. And most often one application was enough. Side effects were generally negligible and quickly resolved. But doctors recommend using this drug strictly according to the instructions and in complex therapy. In parallel, you should apply probiotics, which normalize the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract and vagina.
Important! When taking antibiotics, many patients develop dysbacteriosis. If the treatment with probiotics is not carried out with antibiotic therapy, the risk of recurrence of cystitis increases markedly, since it is violations in the intestinal microflora and vagina often lead to the development of bladder inflammation.
This drug is an isomer ofloxacin. It is a cheap broad-spectrum antibiotic that retains its activity against a number of cystitis pathogens. It can also have a detrimental effect on atypical strains of microorganisms. In addition to the bacteriostatic effect, it also has a bactericidal effect, which not only stops the reproduction of the bacterial colony, but also ensures the mass death of pathogens.
Levofloxacin allows for quick treatment, surpassing other analogs in some points. In this case, the active component provokes spontaneous mutations and addiction in pathogens 100 times less. Accordingly, sustainability develops only after several mutations. Due to this, over the years of use of the drug, the susceptibility of bacteria does not decrease, remaining at the level of more than 90%.
Levofloxacin has excellent absorbability in the gastrointestinal tract. In this case, the accumulation of active components occurs more in tissues and fluids than in blood. Bioavailability is approximately 99%. The maximum level of concentration is created within 1-1.5 hours. The activity of the drug in relation to pathogens of cystitis persists for about a day, and after two days 90% of the funds are excreted in the urine.
Given that the duration of the elimination period and the possibility of achieving a high concentration of a substance in liquids and tissues are characteristic of this drug, it can be used in the amount of 1 tablet for cystitis. In this case, the therapeutic effect is observed in 87% of patients, even with a complicated form of inflammation of the bladder.
Levofloxacin is a safe medicine. But despite this, the tool can not be taken:
- children and adolescents;
- pregnant women;
- when breastfeeding;
- with a history of epilepsy;
- with hypersensitivity;
- with renal failure.
Side effects of the drug develops rarely and only in the form of nausea, diarrhea. In other cases, the tool is well tolerated by patients. The cost of medication is on average from 300 to 420 rubles per pack with 5 tablets in a blister.
Important! During use of the drug should be aware that iron salts reduce the bioavailability of the active substance. Therefore, the simultaneous reception of Levofloxacin with iron preparations should be excluded.
Cefixime, of which Pancef and Suprax are analogs of the same series, has a wide range of effects on pathogens, as well as high compatibility with other antibiotics and a low level of toxicity. Since the tool does not provoke abnormal development of the fetus, and does not affect heredity, it is also used in the treatment of cystitis in pregnant women and children.
The maximum concentration is observed in the blood after 3-4 hours from the moment of taking Cefixime. Bioavailability is 50%. within 2 days the drug is excreted in the urine in the amount of 50-55% of the dose. The rest is excreted in the bile through the digestive tract.
To obtain a lasting therapeutic effect, a single use of the drug is enough. Symptoms stop in a short time, and therefore the drug in the first 24 hours brings a noticeable relief to the patient. In the absence of the expected effect, a second pill should be taken in 1-2 days. The cost is about 450 rubles.
Even with the safety of the drug, Cefixime has a number of contraindications and side effects. Among the contraindications are hypersensitivity, allergies to penicillins, cephalosporins, and renal failure. It is forbidden to take cefixime to children under 6 months.
Side effects occur:
- bleeding disorders;
- skin rashes;
When using the medication it must also be remembered that the process of removing the drug is inhibited if Cefixime is taken simultaneously with calcium secretion blockers. Because of this, there is a risk of overdose, even in the case of a single dose. Overdose is manifested by side effects with an increase in their frequency and severity.
Important! When using the drug, if there are side effects, you must cancel the use of funds and consult a doctor. With intense adverse symptoms, symptomatic therapy is needed.
The basis of the composition of the drug Ceforal is cefixime trihydrate. The tool is a tablet that dissolves in water, which facilitates admission and absorption in the gastrointestinal tract. The tablet has a pale orange color and strawberry flavor. Due to the fact that this type of medicine is made of granules, it is easily dissolved in water, although it can be simply swallowed, drinking plenty of water (other liquids can not be used for dissolution or oral administration).
This form of the medicine for cystitis, which has the taste and aroma of strawberries, has been developed specifically to facilitate the use of the agent in pediatrics. The maximum concentration of the active substance is reached within 4 hours from the moment of administration. The drug is excreted in the urine, so that its accumulation takes place directly at the site of the development of the inflammatory process and the multiplication of bacteria.
The drug can cause side effects in the form of headaches, skin manifestations (rash with itching), gastrointestinal disorders, bleeding disorders. Ceforal is not prescribed to people who are hypersensitive to the composition, allergic to cephalosporins and penicillins.
Important! In pediatric practice, it is especially important to rely not on the instructions for the drug, but on the authoritative opinion of the doctor. Therefore, self-medication is not only contraindicated in this case, but is also fraught with consequences, in particular, the development of complications or chronic inflammation of the bladder. When choosing this medication for a child, a consultation with a doctor is pre-mandatory.
What drugs to take extra?
Antibiotics for cystitis – the basis of treatment. But only combination therapy will give excellent results. As a supplement to antibiotics for cystitis prescribed:
- Phytopreparations with anti-inflammatory effect: Canephron, Urolesan, Cystone. This type of agent is usually taken parallel to antibiotics. They have a diuretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and in some cases – a litholytic effect on the urinary system. Some of the drugs presented are capable of suppressing the activity of bacteria, due to which the effect of the antibiotic only increases and accelerates.
- Antispasmodics: No-shpa, Spasmomenon, Trigan and others. Antispasmodics are referred to as auxiliary means. Applied with intense pain (this symptom always accompanies cystitis, and therefore delivers many problems to the patient). This group of medicines has a relaxing effect on the smooth muscles of the urinary tract, so that relieves pain and spasms.
- Probiotics: Linex, Bifiform, Atsipol, Hilak Forte. Probiotics are indispensable for use in the antibacterial therapy of any disease. They help to normalize the intestinal microflora and genitals. As a result, the development of gastrointestinal dysbacteriosis and vagina is prevented.
Despite the fact that antibiotics in the amount of 1-2 tablets bring relief and quickly remove the whole range of symptoms of cystitis, you should carefully monitor the condition of the sick person. If there is a worsening or other symptoms are additionally manifested, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor.