Hysterectomy, or removal of the uterus – a serious invasion of the female reproductive system, after which the body is faced with the need for a long and complex recovery. This type of intervention is in second place in terms of the frequency of distribution among female operations.
The uterus can be removed in the presence of a malignant tumor, with endometriosis, benign tumors, with its prolapse. The operation helps a woman to get rid of pain, displacement of internal organs, breakthrough bleeding.
The uterus can be removed abdominally, by the vaginal method and using laparoscopy.
Recovery period after uterus removal
The duration of the recovery period immediately after the operation to remove the uterus is 1-2 weeks. This is the so-called early postoperative period.
At this time, the main tasks are:
- to provide the patient in the first days after surgery a sufficient level of pain relief – severe pain after surgery slows down the healing process;
- provide the patient with proper nutrition with a high iron content;
- regulation of the bowels;
- ensuring regular and sufficient physical activity: in the first days after the uterus is removed, the patient must walk, otherwise the risk of blood clots in the veins of the lower extremities and lungs increases.
In addition to painkillers directly after surgery, antimicrobials, as well as general tonic drugs, can be prescribed to the woman as needed.
Every day, special disinfectant solutions are treated with postoperative stitches.
In addition, in the early recovery period it is necessary to remember about the danger of the development of such postoperative complications, such as internal or external bleeding. Therefore, about any changes in their condition, discharge from the vagina, the woman should inform her supervising doctor.
The rehabilitation period after removal of the uterus
The rehabilitation period after removal of the uterus takes much longer and lasts until the woman with the removed uterus recovers fully.
Late postoperative period begins 1-2 weeks after surgery.
The most severe is the rehabilitation after abdominal surgery. The scar is usually removed a week after discharge from the hospital.
The uterus can also be removed and vaginal way, but only if it has a small size and in the absence of cancer. This type of surgery can cause various complications.
The most reliable method – laparoscopic removal, has a minimum of consequences and complications.
After removal of the most important female organ, it is necessary to strictly follow the recommendations given by the attending physician, which will help the woman to smooth out problems when entering a “new” life.
Removal of the uterus causes a sharp failure in the hormonal background. If you do not apply any treatment, the hormonal fluctuations can last for several years and cause a woman a lot of problems. Therefore, to prevent them, the doctor prescribes hormonal agents to the patient with the uterus removed.
Of great importance in restoring a woman’s health and returning to a normal sexual life is a positive psychological attitude. A woman should understand that after the removal of the uterus, she does not cease to be a woman and, at the end of the recovery period, can return to the same life that she lived before the operation.
It is necessary to control the state of health throughout the recovery period in order to prevent complications such as bleeding, thrombus formation, infections. A woman should also monitor body temperature (a slight increase is a variant of the norm), the appearance of pain, nausea.