Low blood sugar is just as dangerous as high. In both cases, the body requires medical correction of the condition. Let’s look at the problem in more detail.
Danger of low blood sugar
Modern people are more afraid of increasing blood sugar. It is understandable, because it is a direct path to diabetes and all the consequences arising from this diagnosis. But do not underestimate the low sugar level. This pathology is capable of provoking complex diseases and conditions, including diabetes.
A lack of sugar in the blood is called hypoglycemia, this diagnosis can develop into diabetes. With a lack of glucose, the human brain suffers. With a critically low level of sugar, a person can fall into a coma.
Hypoglycemia is a disease that promotes damage to health slowly. The fact is that a prolonged aggravation of the disease can provoke a diabetic coma and even cerebral edema. Constant glucose deficiency provokes personal destruction and reduced ability of human intelligence. Paroxysmal hypoglycemia can cause a stroke, heart attack or exacerbation of ischemic disease.
Low blood sugar is not the only problem, as a rule, attacks indicate other, more serious health problems. In this case, a thorough examination is necessary in order to make a correct diagnosis.
Symptoms of low sugar
The pancreas, which produces insulin and glucagon, which normalize glucose, is responsible for normal blood sugar levels. Indicators of blood sugar in men and women may change due to age-related changes, lifestyle and the presence of bad habits. There is a myth that in men, the rate of sugar is higher than in women. This is not so: the indicator depends on how a person eats, whether there are harmful habits such as smoking and drinking alcohol, whether there is stress or excessive loads, etc.
Symptoms of low blood sugar in men and women:
- quick fatigue;
- delayed reaction;
- decrease in intellectual abilities;
- increased nervousness, irritability, aggression;
The rate of glucose does not depend on sexual characteristics. But women are more prone to such disorders, especially during hormonal disorders:
- endocrine disorders;
- ovarian dysfunction, etc.
Emerging signs of glycemia in women may indicate a hormonal failure, which requires immediate correction.
With an average level of lowering sugar, the following signs are noted:
- Severe irritability
- Frequent muscle cramps
- Constant desire to sleep,
- Coordination problems,
- Man ceases to navigate in space.
With a low sugar level, the brain suffers, which affects all actions of the body. With a greatly reduced amount of glucose in humans, there is a decrease in body temperature, problems with blood circulation in the brain, muscle contraction occurs involuntarily. In severe cases, possible falling into a coma.
Causes of blood glucose lowering
Signs of low blood sugar always indicate the causes of the pathology that require immediate elimination.
Often, signs of low blood sugar in women are observed in malnutrition, adherence to strict diets and long-term abandonment of the necessary products from the usual diet. People who know their diagnosis are constantly carrying sweets in their pockets to correct their condition without medication.
In both women and men, blood sugar can decrease during intense physical exertion. Due to the fact that energy is consumed, it is necessary for the body to function. That is why everyone, especially active people, need carbohydrates as the main source of energy.
Carbohydrate diets with frequent meals trigger low blood sugar symptoms due to a severe shortage of ego. During frequent meals, the body is in constant tone. For this, he needs energy, the source of which are carbohydrates. But, if a carbohydrate-free diet is initially envisioned, the body suffers a lack of energy. The level of sugar in the blood drops sharply and is unable to recover to normal levels.
Diagnosis of low blood sugar
Diagnosing a disease begins when symptoms of low blood sugar are observed. If a person experiences discomfort and at least one of the listed symptoms in this article, this means that it is time to go to the doctor.
- manifestation of lethargy and weakness, even after a normal sleep;
- chills, fever;
- increased sweating;
- weakness and pain in the muscles, numbness of the limbs;
- desire to eat something sweet.
The main diagnosis for determining the sugar is a blood test. It is best to donate material for analysis in the morning on an empty stomach. If the sugar level is low, you should re-analyze, but before that, eat something sweet in small quantities or drink sweet tea. If in this case the sugar level does not change significantly, it is necessary to begin treatment.
Treatment of low blood glucose
If your concerns are confirmed, you must take action.
There are drugs to increase blood sugar, but they can only prescribe a doctor, determining the individual dose for the patient. But medicines are only part of the complex. It is very important to follow the diet and diet with hypoglycemia. A doctor should also write a diet; independent attempts at treatment can provoke an even greater decrease in blood sugar.
Often with low sugar, patients are encouraged to use:
- dairy products, especially ryazhenka and kefir;
- fresh vegetables;
- dried fruits;
- cereals as a source of carbohydrates.
Keeping the balance in the diet, you can easily restore glucose, forgetting about the disease. But, if you have once become a hostage of hypoglycemia, make it a rule to keep your sugar performance under control.
At the time of exacerbation of the disease, try to reduce physical activity. Give your body rest and time to recuperate.
If you have repeatedly experienced signs of hypoglycemia, it is advisable to purchase a blood glucose meter. Thus, you will not have to wait hours for an analysis result and not lose valuable time.
Prevention of glucose lowering
At first glance, what we write will seem trivial. But believe me, not only the treatment of hypoglycemia, but also the health of the whole organism depends on this. Low sugar does not like strikes and hunger strikes. Sitting on the next diet, measure out seven times. It is better to take the rule to eat balanced. For good performance and enough energy, eat carbohydrates for breakfast. It will not affect the figure.
The second rule should be fermented milk products. They stimulate the digestive tract and are an amazing source of glucose. Do not forget about fresh fruits and vegetables. If you know that another attack of reducing sugar can occur at the height of the working day, carry dried fruit or chocolate in your bag.
Try not to get tired. We understand that this is difficult to achieve, but still. Try to finish the job on time. Take time to relax physical and moral.
Avoid conflicts, stress will not benefit a patient with hypoglycemia.
Try to say goodbye to old, destructive habits.