Bitterness in the mouth and nausea that occurs in the morning or shortly after eating is a classic symptom of throwing bile into the esophagus. Such symptoms indicate a violation of the motor function of the organs of the digestive system. Identifying the causes of their appearance determines the content and sequence of remedial measures.
Causes of bitter taste in mouth
The liver is a unique filter of nature presented by nature, which decomposes metabolic products, including toxic ones, into simpler compounds that the body is able to excrete with urine and feces.
The liver continuously produces bile that drains into the gallbladder. In its composition are the necessary normal digestive enzymes. Under normal physiological conditions (with food), bile enters from the bladder into the cavity of the duodenum, stimulating the activity of the digestive enzymes of the pancreas. Bile acids also contribute to the breakdown of fats and their full absorption. Excess bile is excreted from the body through the intestines, ensuring the synthesis and absorption of vitamin K.
The release of bile from the bladder under conditions of duodenal muscle spasm causes it to enter the esophageal tube (biliary reflux) and the oral cavity, resulting in a bitter taste.
Pathology of bile secretion
Disorders of the biliary system – the most likely cause of bitter taste and nausea, the most important sign of stagnation in the gall bladder.
The reasons for the stagnation of bile are:
- biliary dyskinesia;
- acute and chronic cholecystitis;
Biliary dyskinesia is a weakening of muscle activity or muscle spasm of the bile ducts, which leads to disruption of the normal flow of bile and its stagnation in the gallbladder.
Inflammatory processes of the gallbladder (cholecystitis) as a result of infection or for other reasons also provoke excessive relaxation and stagnation of bile, which leads to its thickening and the formation of gallstones.
Gallstone disease – a direct consequence of cholecystitis and (or) biliary duct dyskinesia. The presence of stones may not detect itself in any way, but it can also cause severe pain (hepatic colic), especially if the bladder neck is stranded, traumatized, bile duct obstruction and jaundice.
Note! Acceptance of choleretic drugs is carried out exclusively at the direction of the attending physician! Stimulation of outflow of bile in the presence of large stones in the gall bladder can lead to unpredictable consequences.
The specific cause and drug therapy are determined by the results of a comprehensive examination of the biliary tract. Sometimes the appointment of choleretic drugs becomes necessary and sufficient measure. In the presence of stones, more radical means may be required, including the removal of the gallbladder.
When the cause of bitterness is “hidden” in the digestive tract
Causes of bitterness in the mouth associated with the work of the digestive system:
- violations of motor function of the stomach;
- increased acidity;
- chronic gastritis;
- inflammation and muscle spasms of the duodenal walls;
- inflammation of the small intestine (enteritis);
- inflammation of the large intestine (colitis).
Inflammatory processes of the mucous membranes of the digestive system cause so-called indigestion. Disorders (secretion) of intestinal juices, which are necessary for adequate digestion of food, are disturbed, disorders of motor function and absorption are observed – the main functions of the large intestine. Digestive disorders cause intestinal self-poisoning, especially if the barrier role of the liver is weakened and the excretion of the kidneys is reduced.
Under conditions of uneven entry of bile into the duodenum, normal digestion of the food mass becomes impossible, which creates additional stress on other organs of the gastrointestinal tract and causes a number of secondary symptoms, such as flatulence, bitter belching, diarrhea, appetite deterioration, nausea and vomiting.
In these cases, the appearance of bitterness in the mouth is a secondary sign, a consequence, and its elimination is associated with the treatment of the underlying disease. Accurate diagnosis and therapeutic tactics will help determine the examination and gastroscopy of the upper GI tract.
Other causes of bitterness in the mouth:
- endocrine diseases;
- mental disorders (taste hallucinations);
- disorders of brain activity.
Imbalance of hormones in the blood – hormones – stimulates the release of adrenaline and norepinephrine, stress hormones. When this occurs, reflex spasm of the smooth muscles of the bile ducts, impeding the flow of bile.
An unpleasant bitter taste, combined with nausea and muscle weakness, can manifest itself as a symptom of a number of endocrine diseases. Decreased appetite, fatigue, chilliness are characteristic signs of thyroid insufficiency (hypothyroidism).
Bitterness, dry mouth, nausea, continuing for a long time, may indicate the development of hypoglycemia – abnormally low blood sugar levels caused by liver damage due to its depletion of glycogen, for example, inflammation of the biliary tract, with toxic hepatitis.
Impaired blood supply to the brain during stroke, vascular aneurysm, tumors that cause nerve injury, squeezing of blood vessels and tissues can cause symptoms such as nausea, loss of coordination, dizziness, taste perversion, including bitterness in the mouth. Taste hallucinations – a rare occurrence associated with mental illness.
External causes of bitterness in the mouth
The factors that cause bitterness in the mouth without organic causes are:
- eating a number of foods (for example, pine nuts);
- long-term use of certain drugs;
- improper eating behavior (fasting or overeating);
- dental diseases, consequences of dental prosthetics.
Taking a number of drugs can cause side effects in the form of nausea and bitter taste in the mouth. These include:
- diabetes medications;
- a number of anti-inflammatory drugs;
- antihistamine drugs.
Allegations about the dangers of prolonged uncontrolled antibiotics have long been commonplace. Suppression of digestive bacteria causes disturbances in the intestinal microflora, leading to intestinal dysbiosis and bitter taste in the mouth.
A long-term use of antihistamines has a similar effect, leading to an imbalance of digestive enzymes.
Cause in mouth
Inflammatory diseases of the oral mucosa (stomatitis), tongue (glossitis) cause changes in the acidity of saliva, a violation of the general acid-base balance of the oral cavity, an unpleasant smell and bitter taste in the mouth.
Poor correction of dentures or intolerance to their material, poor quality material of dental crowns, intolerance to filling material also sometimes lead to the appearance of a metallic or bitter aftertaste, gagging urge.
Folk remedies that relieve nausea and bitterness in the mouth
If the cause of bitterness in the mouth, nausea are problems with the gastrointestinal tract or an increase in acidity, it makes sense to use enveloping agents, for example, pounded flaxseed. It is necessary to pour boiling water 1 tbsp. l seeds and let it brew. This jelly should be taken in a glass in the morning and in the evening for 3-5 days in the form of heat.
Note! Long-term use of herbal preparations, including St. John’s wort, as well as preparations based on sea buckthorn oil can cause bitterness in the mouth.
To eliminate the unpleasant bitter taste, nausea, pour a glass of boiling water with 10 g of dried calendula flowers and insist for at least half an hour. During the day, you need to drink 4 cups of this infusion.
A cocktail of freshly squeezed juice 200 g of carrots, 150 g of celery and 60 g of parsley will help get rid of an undesirable symptom, improve your health and replenish the body’s vitamin reserve.
To eliminate the unpleasant bitter taste in the mouth, it is recommended to combine 1 part of grated horseradish with 10 parts of milk, slightly heat and insist 15 minutes. Strain the mixture and drink 5-6 times a day.
It is impossible to overestimate the benefits of freshly squeezed vegetable juices. The most effective of them in terms of getting rid of bitterness in the mouth and nausea are cucumber, beet juice and spinach juice.
Prevention of the bitter lobe
Even the temporary exclusion of sweet, alcohol, legumes, sour and fatty foods can significantly reduce the severity of symptoms in the form of nausea and bitterness in the mouth. Vegetables, fruits and buckwheat porridge – the basis of a healthy diet. Dinner should be no less than three hours before bedtime.
Sometimes it is enough just to change the diet to get rid of an undesirable symptom in the form of bitterness. It should be understood that the entry of food into the duodenum in normal conditions reflexively causes a release of bile. The vast majority of digestive disorders due to the fact that these two events are separated in time. The first option: food arrived, but there is no flow of bile. In this case, adequate digestion in the duodenum becomes impossible. Unprepared food moves into the small intestine, causing fermentation, flatulence, intoxication and nausea.
The second option: there was a release of bile, but food did not arrive. Bile acids begin to irritate the intestinal wall, their spasm and the squeezing of excess bile into the stomach, esophagus and oral cavity.
Overflow of the stomach contributes to an increase in pressure in the abdominal cavity, causing biliary reflux, nausea and bitter taste in the mouth.
Fractional feeding causes a regular outflow of bile, preventing it from stagnating in the gallbladder, and starvation, in contrast, leads to stagnation of unclaimed bile.
Bitterness in the mouth and nausea – evidence of overt muscular insufficiency of the valves of the stomach, esophagus and congestion in the gallbladder. Other painful manifestations associated with these specific signs will help to more clearly outline the picture of the disease and facilitate the diagnosis.