Everyone is accustomed to sore throat, as to the symptom of a cold. However, what to do if the month has a sore throat and nothing helps? What factors can cause such prolonged discomfort?
It often happens that apart from discomfort in the throat of a person, nothing else bothers. In the early days, this situation is seen as the beginning of a viral infection. But if after some time other symptoms do not appear, and the sore throat does not go away, this may be a sign of a more serious disease or a negative external influence.
The reasons for this situation lie in such factors as:
- poor environmental conditions;
- residence in an industrial city or metropolis (air pollution by transport);
- dry indoor air;
The patient should, if possible, eliminate all external factors that irritate the mucous membrane of the larynx. Discomfort in the throat should pass. If the situation has not changed, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
The above factors can inhibit the work of the immune system. Because of this, colds do not go away for 5-7 days, but persist for 2-3 weeks. As a result, the sore throat does not pass for a long time.
If each cold lasts two weeks or more, the patient should pay attention to the following factors:
- frequent stress;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- lack of vitamins and nutrients;
- bad drinking water;
- lack of fresh, and most importantly clean air.
All these causes, combined with poor ecology and bad habits, lead to a long course of colds, frequent relapses and the development of chronic laryngeal diseases.
To remedy the situation, it is necessary to give up smoking, spend more time outside the city and strengthen the immune system. To strengthen the immune system, you can use the recipes of traditional medicine. In addition, in the autumn-winter period, patients who frequently suffer from acute respiratory viral infections should take vitamin complexes.
What to do to strengthen local immunity? An excellent option would be tempering procedures, such as gargling with cool solutions. But only in those periods when the throat does not hurt, persistent discomfort is a contraindication to such procedures.
In cases when the throat is sore for a long time, the patient needs to pay attention to the tonsils. This body is the first line of defense of the human body. It is the glands that restrain pathogenic microbes that enter the body through the air. But if this defense mechanism is broken, the tonsils become a source of inflammation.
Causes of inflammation of the glands are frequent infections, as well as the lack of adequate treatment in the past period of the disease. This condition is called chronic tonsillitis – a pathology that affects most of the population. Chronic tonsillitis is considered to be a childhood disease, but many adult patients have this pathology, but simply do not seek help.
It is possible to diagnose the disease according to the following symptoms:
- sore throat does not pass;
- difficult to swallow;
- colds last for 3 weeks or longer;
- tonsils are enlarged and have a loose surface;
- there are grooves in which pus accumulates;
- constantly enlarged cervical lymph nodes.
Only 2 symptoms are enough for a doctor to diagnose chronic tonsillitis. This disease requires constant monitoring, treatment can take several months. Completely eliminate inflammation is unlikely to succeed, but the throat will not be so much bother.
Tonsillitis is not the only chronic disease due to which discomfort in the larynx does not pass for a long time. In chronic pharyngitis, the throat is red and slight tickling may be present, and the pain syndrome may persist for 2 months.
Causes of chronic tonsillitis – infections, as a rule, staphylococcus or streptococcus. Pharyngitis can develop due to external factors and even allergies. In order to eliminate inflammation, it is necessary to find out its root cause. Otherwise, the disease will resume. Treating symptoms (sore throat) is only a first aid.
Long-term infections and other pathologies
The acute stage of viral and bacterial infection, as a rule, does not last more than 1 week. Symptoms, including sore throat, subside as early as 3-5 days after the start of treatment. However, all rules have exceptions.
For example, a sore throat, in which, as a rule, a week has a sore throat, in some cases it can last up to 2 months. This form of the disease is called angina Simanovsky-Plaut. The disease has a specific course, ulcers form on the tonsils, as with the usual sore throat, but the throat only hurts when swallowing. In addition, the patient has no temperature and does not disrupt the general state of health.
If the throat worries for a very long time, it is necessary to pass tests to rule out infectious mononucleosis. The disease is characterized by an enlarged liver, spleen and glands. Since, when examined, a doctor without an additional examination can only see inflammation of the tonsils, this disease is often confused with angina. And only if the inflammation has not subsided within three weeks, the patient is scheduled for additional examination.
In some cases, discomfort in the throat is associated with diseases of other organs, such as lung damage. Tickling and minor pain in the larynx are observed with a disease such as whooping cough. A cough that does not go away for months, strongly irritates the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract.
The cough, provoked by whooping cough, lasts from 3 to 6 months, and, of course, all this time may be present discomfort in the throat. What to do in this situation?
Unfortunately, to eliminate such a cough is almost impossible, you need to wait it out. To relieve the condition will help antitussive drugs, the less will be a cough, the less irritation of the larynx. However, we must remember that any medication should be prescribed exclusively by a doctor.
As mentioned earlier, if 2 weeks of sore throat and no improvement, perhaps it is caused by a non-infectious disease of the respiratory tract. So, in medical practice there are many cases when persistent pain in the larynx was caused by such disorders as:
- necrosis of the larynx;
- violation of the gastrointestinal tract;
- dilation of blood vessels, especially the carotid artery;
- cervical osteochondrosis;
- thyroid disease;
- neoplasms in the larynx.
These are not all diseases that can in any way affect the condition of the throat. Therefore, to detect the cause of two, and even three months of pain, it may require a very long examination. However, you need to understand that no matter how difficult it is to make a diagnosis, no matter how much research a doctor prescribes, it is necessary. Since some diseases pose a threat to the life of the patient.
As there are many reasons for discomfort in the throat, even long periods of pain do not always mean that the patient has a serious pathology. And for starters, you can try to deal with the problem yourself. But there are symptoms, in case of which it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor.
In order to prevent a long-term course of the disease, you should seek medical help as early as 3 days after the sore throat began. Perhaps a first appointment with a specialist, especially if there are no symptoms of a viral infection, will not give an accurate answer. But the sooner the doctor notices atypical course of the disease, the more likely the timely diagnosis of hidden diseases.
The reason for the urgent appeal to a specialist should be symptoms such as:
- a sharp jump in body temperature;
- traffic jams and purulent bloom;
- enlarged cervical lymph nodes;
- pain when moving jaw (talking, chewing);
- swollen lymph nodes in other parts of the body (armpits, groin);
- hoarse voice in the absence of pharyngitis or laryngitis;
- voice changes persisting in the second week of treatment.
Self-help is to moisturize the mucous membranes, stop smoking, eliminate all external irritants, such as dust, and keep silence. This is important, because speaking in a whisper, as many patients are accustomed to do, injures the vocal cords even more.
Why do sore throats persist after eliminating infectious diseases? The fact is that bacteria can live on certain things of everyday life, for example, on a toothbrush. Therefore, it is important to replace all possible sources of the old disease, it will not allow a person to get sick again.
You can use some folk remedies for gargling, such as warm salt solutions. Drug treatment should be prescribed only by a doctor after an examination and an accurate diagnosis, whether it is acute respiratory viral infection or cervical osteochondrosis.