Quite often, a sore throat is accompanied by pain radiating to the ear, such symptoms are characteristic of many infectious diseases, as well as inflammatory processes that occur in the human body.
The reason that the ear and throat are sore at the same time, as a rule, are the anatomical features of the nasopharynx, which is closely connected with the ear, so infections from the nasopharynx easily penetrate into the middle ear, resulting in an inflammatory process not only in the throat, but also in the ears .
What diseases cause sore throats and ears?
Since the nose, mouth and ears are interconnected system. then some diseases can cause a sore throat that goes to the ear. As a rule, a pain in the throat that goes to the ear is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, which can be a sign of diseases such as:
- acute pharyngitis;
- scarlet fever;
Characteristic features of the disease
If the ear and throat ache at the same time, and the pain is exacerbated by the evening, then such symptoms may be causes of acute otitis. In addition to pain in the ear and throat, this disease is accompanied by a general weakness of the body, high fever and a decrease in appetite, sometimes with otitis, there may be a course of pus from the ear, which, in turn, indicates the development of purulent otitis.
With turbootitis, the patient has an increase in body temperature, at the same time a sore throat and ear, and the patient feels heaviness and noise in the head.
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The characteristic symptoms of acute pharyngitis are sore throat, which gives to the ear, an increase in cervical lymph nodes, a dry cough and muscle pain, sore throat, foreign body sensation in the pharynx, and an increase in body temperature. Pharyngitis is often the result of bronchitis and causes general intoxication of the body. With pharyngitis, pain in the ear and throat, as a rule, is exacerbated mainly when swallowing.
Typical symptoms of diseases such as chicken pox, measles and scarlet fever, are sore throat and ears, high body temperature, and skin rashes. The symptoms of these diseases are as similar to each other, that it is extremely difficult to diagnose the disease on their own, therefore, it is not worthwhile to establish the diagnosis yourself, and if you have these symptoms, you should immediately seek medical help.
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Pain in the ears and throat can also be felt in case of a sore throat. The disease is characterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the oropharynx and tonsils, against the background of sore throats various purulent processes in the body can develop. In addition to high fever, sore throat is characterized by symptoms such as yellowing on the tongue, painful sensations in the area of the heart and muscles, as well as bad breath and chills.
A serious disease that causes simultaneous pain in the throat and ears is diphtheria. This is an infectious disease that can pose a serious danger to life, the main symptom of diphtheria is simultaneous pain in the ears and throat, high fever, and also the occurrence of inflammatory processes in areas of skin damage (cuts, scratches, etc.). Diphtheria can cause intoxication of the body and damage to the cardiovascular system, therefore, the doctor should be called in at the first symptoms of the disease.
In the initial stages of any disease, the likelihood of complications can be reduced by frequent rinsing the throat.
Rinsing and inhalation will help to relieve a sore throat that extends into the ear, at the initial stage of the disease.
Depending on the cause of the pain in the throat and ears, the patient is prescribed appropriate medical treatment, with a viral cause, antiviral and immunomodulatory drugs, bacterial – antibiotic drugs, fungal – drugs, oppressive pathogenic fungi. To speed up recovery, one should observe bed rest, and also exclude possible hypothermia of the body. If you have pain in your ears or throat, you should avoid drinks and food that may cause throat irritation, such as soda, alcoholic beverages, and solid foods. The patient is recommended to use a lot of fluids, a feature of tea with honey and lemon, and as a preventive measure, it is necessary to use foods rich in vitamins and microelements that have a stimulating effect on the immune system.
When does a sore throat cause ear congestion?
Sore throat, accompanied by laying the ears, is observed with colds, as with a cold in the nasopharynx mucus is formed, which becomes an ideal environment for the development of pathogenic microorganisms. Ears, nose and throat is one interconnected system in which various substances freely circulate, therefore, at a cold, pathogens make their way into the throat and ears, as a result of which the inflammatory process that affects the human body develops. Viral diseases that have a neglected form can lead not only to ear congestion, but also cause acute shooting pain in the ears and dizziness.
The reason for ear congestion is often enough to increase the regional lymph nodes that make up the lymphoid pharyngeal ring. When viral and bacterial infections occur, accompanied by a sore throat and congestion of the ears, the lymph nodes swell and swell, blocking the entrance to the Eustachian tubes that lead to the inner ear.
It should be remembered that if a catarrhal disease is accompanied not only by a sore throat, but also by ear congestion, it is necessary to prevent a large amount of mucus from accumulating in the nasopharynx. . The spread of infection in the human body must be blocked with the help of various antiviral drugs, as well as general strengthening medicines that stimulate the production of interferon.
How can you relieve the patient’s condition at home?
If a patient has a sore throat and ears, then at home you can try to alleviate his condition by such procedures as:
- blowing ears by various methods;
- warming compresses;
- removal of pain and swelling with pharmacy drops;
- burying ear canals with camphor oil;
- the use of lozenges, relieves sore throat and has an anesthetic effect;
- washing the nose with a solution of sea salt;
- use of antiviral and anti-cold medicines with anti-inflammatory action and nasal breathing.
If during such treatment the pain in the throat and ears does not go away, then it is necessary to seek medical help. When examining an otolaryngologist, prescribe a drug treatment, which will depend on the type of disease that provoked the inflammatory process and pain in the throat and ears. For example, when the viral nature of the inflammatory process, antiviral and immunomodulatory agents are prescribed, but if the pain is associated with the development of diseases such as otitis or turbootitis, then antibiotics are prescribed. With antibiotic therapy, the effectiveness of treatment should be monitored by a physician. If the patient’s condition does not improve after 2-3 days of antibiotic therapy, the treatment is corrected (replace one antibiotic with another).
Do not forget that the throat can be treated and folk remedies!
To relieve ear pain caused by a viral infection. You can use dry heat. Ears can be heated using warm wraps or heated salt in a frying pan. You can use Minin’s reflector (blue lamp) as a source of dry heat. Warming up should be carried out within 15 minutes. It should be noted that if the pain in the ear is accompanied by purulent secretions (purulent otitis) or the bacterial infection is the cause, warming with dry heat is categorically contraindicated, since these procedures will only contribute to the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms, may cause the infection to spread to others organs and cause the occurrence of serious complications.